7.270 VALIDATE_CONVERSION

Syntax

Purpose

VALIDATE_CONVERSION determines whether expr can be converted to the specified data type. If expr can be successfully converted, then this function returns 1; otherwise, this function returns 0. If expr evaluates to null, then this function returns 1. If an error occurs while evaluating expr, then this function returns the error.

For expr, specify a SQL expression. The acceptable data types for expr, and the purpose of the optional fmt and nlsparam arguments, depend on the data type you specify for type_name.

For type_name, specify the data type to which you want to convert expr. You can specify the following data types:

  • BINARY_DOUBLE

    If you specify BINARY_DOUBLE, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type, or a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_BINARY_DOUBLE function. Refer to TO_BINARY_DOUBLE for more information.

  • BINARY_FLOAT

    If you specify BINARY_FLOAT, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type, or a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_BINARY_FLOAT function. Refer to TO_BINARY_FLOAT for more information.

  • DATE

    If you specify DATE, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_DATE function. Refer to TO_DATE for more information.

  • INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND

    If you specify INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type, and must contain a value in either the SQL interval format or the ISO duration format. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments do not apply for this data type. Refer to TO_DSINTERVAL for more information on the SQL interval format and the ISO duration format.

  • INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH

    If you specify INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type, and must contain a value in either the SQL interval format or the ISO duration format. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments do not apply for this data type. Refer to TO_YMINTERVAL for more information on the SQL interval format and the ISO duration format.

  • NUMBER

    If you specify NUMBER, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type, or a numeric value of type NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, or BINARY_DOUBLE. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_NUMBER function. Refer to TO_NUMBER for more information.

    If expr is a value of type NUMBER, then the VALIDATE_CONVERSION function verifies that expr is a legal numeric value. If expr is not a legal numeric value, then the function returns 0. This enables you to identify corrupt numeric values in your database.

  • TIMESTAMP

    If you specify TIMESTAMP, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_TIMESTAMP function. If you omit fmt, then expr must be in the default format of the TIMESTAMP data type, which is determined by the NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT initialization parameter. Refer to TO_TIMESTAMP for more information.

  • TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE

    If you specify TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ function. If you omit fmt, then expr must be in the default format of the TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE data type, which is determined by the NLS_TIMESTAMP_TZ_FORMAT initialization parameter. Refer to TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ for more information.

  • TIMESTAMP WITH LOCAL TIME ZONE

    If you specify TIMESTAMP, then expr can be any expression that evaluates to a character string of CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, or NVARCHAR2 data type. The optional fmt and nlsparam arguments serve the same purpose as for the TO_TIMESTAMP function. If you omit fmt, then expr must be in the default format of the TIMESTAMP data type, which is determined by the NLS_TIMESTAMP_FORMAT initialization parameter. Refer to TO_TIMESTAMP for more information.

Examples

In each of the following statements, the specified value can be successfully converted to the specified data type. Therefore, each of these statements returns a value of 1.

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION(1000 AS BINARY_DOUBLE)
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('1234.56' AS BINARY_FLOAT)
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('July 20, 1969, 20:18' AS DATE,
    'Month dd, YYYY, HH24:MI', 'NLS_DATE_LANGUAGE = American')
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('200 00:00:00' AS INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND)
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('P1Y2M' AS INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH)
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('$100,00' AS NUMBER,
    '$999D99', 'NLS_NUMERIC_CHARACTERS = '',.''')
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('29-Jan-02 17:24:00' AS TIMESTAMP,
    'DD-MON-YY HH24:MI:SS')
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('1999-12-01 11:00:00 -8:00'
    AS TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE, 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS TZH:TZM')
  FROM DUAL;

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('11-May-16 17:30:00'
    AS TIMESTAMP WITH LOCAL TIME ZONE, 'DD-MON-YY HH24:MI:SS')
  FROM DUAL;

The following statement returns 0, because the specified value cannot be converted to BINARY_FLOAT:

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('$29.99' AS BINARY_FLOAT)
  FROM DUAL;

The following statement returns 1, because the specified number format model enables the value to be converted to BINARY_FLOAT:

SELECT VALIDATE_CONVERSION('$29.99' AS BINARY_FLOAT, '$99D99')
  FROM DUAL;