1 Planning the Oracle WebLogic Server Installation

This section prepares you to install Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence. Review this section thoroughly to ensure that you do not encounter any problems during or after installation and domain configuration.

Using this Document

There are certain scenarios that you want to use this guide for, and other sources of information.

This section contains the following topics:

Using the Standard Installation Topology as a Starting Point

This guide helps you create the standard installation topology for Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence. You can extend this topology to make it highly available and secure so that it is suitable for a production system.

The standard installation topology represents a sample topology for this product; it is not the only topology that Oracle supports. See Understanding the Standard Installation Topology in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Using this Document in an Upgrade Scenario

If you are installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence as part of an upgrade procedure, follow procedures in this guide to install the software, but do not run the Configuration Wizard to create a WebLogic domain.

After you install the software, go to Overview of the Upgrade Process in Upgrading Oracle WebLogic Server.

Using this Document to Extend a Domain

Procedures in this document describe how to create a new domain; you can use the same procedures to extend an existing domain.

If you do this, be sure to read Installing Multiple Products in the Same Domain in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware for important information.

If you are creating a new domain but your needs do not match the steps in a procedure, be sure to make your selections accordingly and see the supporting documentation for more details.

Oracle WebLogic Server Installers

This guide describes how to use the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence distribution to install and configure runtime development, test, or production environments for Oracle WebLogic Server.

  • The quick installer is a lightweight installer that is intended for development-only environments and contains all the necessary artifacts to develop and test Java applications. The quick installer is run directly from the command line. Installations performed with the quick installer can be patched using the standard Oracle patching tool, OPatchAuto.

    This version of Oracle WebLogic Server and the quick installer requires JDK version 1.8.0_241 or later. Ensure that you have the proper JDK version installed and ready for use before starting.

    The quick installer file name is fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_quick.jar.

  • The supplemental quick installer is a lightweight installer that is intended for development-only environments and contains all the necessary artifacts to develop and test sample Java applications on Oracle WebLogic Server and is

    The optional supplemental quick installer has components such as the sample applications, and Administration Console additional language help files.

    The supplemental quick installer file name is fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_supplemental_quick.jar.

  • The slim quick installer is a lightweight installer that is intended for development, test, and production environments and contains all Oracle WebLogic Server and Oracle Coherence server runtime software, but does not contain examples, WebLogic console, WebLogic clients, Maven plug-ins and Java DB. This installer is used for development and production usage of Docker or CRI-O images and containers in Kubernetes, when WebLogic console monitoring and configuration is not required.

    The slim quick installer does not have a graphical installer, and can be run only from the command line.

    The slim quick installer file name is fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_quick_slim.jar.

To set up a development environment, see:

About the WebLogic Server and Coherence Standard Installation Topology

The standard installation topology has a standard WebLogic Server domain.

The following figure shows the standard installation topology for Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence:

Figure 1-1 Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Topology

Description of Figure 1-1 follows
Description of "Figure 1-1 Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Topology"

This topology has a standard WebLogic Server domain that contains two Managed Servers in a cluster and an Administration Server, all configured on one host.

See these topics:

WebLogic Server and Coherence Standard Installation Topology Elements

This section describes the standard installation topology elements.

See Roadmap for Installing and Configuring the Installation Topology for a roadmap that describes steps to create this topology.

Table 1-1 Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Standard Installation Topology Elements

Element Description and Links to Additional Documentation

APPHOST

Standard term in Oracle documentation for the machine that hosts the application tier.

WebLogic Domain

Logically related group of Java components. In this case, the Administration Server, Managed Servers, and other related software components.

See What is an Oracle WebLogic Server Domain? in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Administration Server

Domain central control entity. Maintains domain configuration objects and distributes configuration changes to Managed Servers.

See What is the Administration Server in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Cluster

A collection of multiple WebLogic Server instances running simultaneously and working together.

See Understanding Managed Servers and Managed Server Clusters in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Machine

Logical representation of the computer that hosts one or more WebLogic Server instances (servers). Machines are also the logical glue between Managed Servers and Node Manager; to start or stop a Managed Server with Node Manager, the Managed Server must be associated with a machine.

Managed Server

Host for your applications, application components, Web services, and their associated resources.

See Understanding Managed Servers and Managed Server Clusters in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

About Using the Standard Installation Topology for WebLogic Server MT

You can use the WebLogic Server standard installation topology as a basic environment for WebLogic Server MT. However, when you create the topology for WebLogic Server MT, note the following differences:

Note:

WebLogic Server Multitenant feature is deprecated in WebLogic Server 12.2.1.4.0 and will be removed in the next release.

  • For WebLogic MT, you must use the Oracle Fusion Middleware Infrastructure distribution instead of the WebLogic Server and Coherence distribution.

  • When you configure a WebLogic MT domain, Oracle recommends that you select the Oracle Enterprise Manager Restricted JRF template instead of the Oracle JRF template.

Running the Installer in Silent Mode

You can install using the -silent flag on the command line when you start the installer.

See the following topics in Installing Software with the Oracle Universal Installer for details on silent mode and the steps to run it.

Roadmap for Installing and Configuring the Installation Topology

This document has all the procedures you need to install and configure WebLogic Server. Within the procedures, this document refers to additional information you can use if you want to create a modified version of this topology.

The following table shows steps required to install and configure Oracle WebLogic Server:

Table 1-2 Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Installation Procedure

Task Description Documentation

Verify your system environment

Before starting the installation, verify that your system meets minimum system and network requirements.

Roadmap for Verifying Your System Environment

Obtain the appropriate distribution

To create the topology this section describes, obtain the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence distribution.

Obtaining the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Distribution.

Determine your installation directories

Verify that the installer can create or access installer directories that it needs to create. Also, verify that the directories exist on systems that meet the minimum requirements.

What are the Key Oracle Fusion Middleware Directories? in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Install the software

Run the installation program to install the software.

Installing the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Software

Create a WebLogic domain

Use the Configuration Wizard to create a WebLogic domain.

Creating and Configuring the WebLogic Domain

Perform post-installation tasks

Start to manage components in the domain or continue to modify your environment for high availability.

Next Steps After Configuring the WebLogic Server Domain

Roadmap for Installing and Configuring the WebLogic Server MT Topology

Follow this roadmap to install and configure the WebLogic Server MT distribution.

This guide has all the procedures you need to install and configure WebLogic Server. Within the procedures, this guide refers to additional information you can use if you want to create a modified version of this topology.

Note:

WebLogic Server Multitenant feature is deprecated in WebLogic Server 12.2.1.4.0 and will be removed in the next release.

The following table shows steps required to install and configure WebLogic Server MT:

Table 1-3 WebLogic Server MT Installation Steps

Task Description Documentation

Verify your system environment

Before starting the installation, verify that your system meets minimum system and network requirements.

Roadmap for Verifying Your System Environment

Obtain the appropriate distribution

To create the topology this section describes, obtain the WebLogic Server MT distribution.

Obtaining the Oracle WebLogic Server MT Distribution.

Determine your installation directories

Verify that the installer can create or access installer directories that it needs to create. Also, verify that the directories exist on systems that meet the minimum requirements.

What are the Key Oracle Fusion Middleware Directories? in Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Install the software

Run the installation program to install the software.

Installing Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence for WebLogic Server MT

Create a WebLogic domain

Use the Configuration Wizard to create a WebLogic domain.

Creating a WebLogic Domain for WebLogic Server MT

Perform post-installation tasks

Start to manage components in the domain or continue to modify your environment for high availability.

Next Steps After Configuring the WebLogic Server Domain

Roadmap for Verifying Your System Environment

This topic has important information that you must read and understand before you begin installation and configuration steps. It identifies important tasks and checks that verify your environment is properly prepared to install and configure Oracle Fusion Middleware WebLogic Server and Coherence.

Table 1-4 Roadmap to Verify Your System Environment

Task Description Documentation

Verify certification and system requirements.

Verify that your operating system is certified and properly configured for WebLogic Server and Coherence installation and configuration.

See Verifying Certification, System Requirements and Interoperability in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Identify a proper installation user.

Verify that the installation user has the proper permissions to install and configure the software.

See Selecting an Installation User in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Select the installation and configuration directories on your system.

Verify that you can create the necessary directories for installation and configuration, according to the recommended directory structure.

See Selecting Directories for Installation and Configuration in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Install a certified JDK.

The installation program for the distribution requires that your system have a certified JDK.

See Installing a JDK in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Obtaining the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Distribution

To download Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence software for development or evaluation, go to the following location: https://www.oracle.com/middleware/technologies/fusionmiddleware-downloads.html

To obtain Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence, follow these steps:

  1. Download the generic installer fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_lite_Disk1_1of1.zip or slim installer fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_quick_slim_Disk1_1of1.zip file.
  2. Extract the contents of this .zip file onto your system.
    The extracted files fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_lite_generic.jar or fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_quick_slim.jar runs the product installer and installs the software onto your system (Installing the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Software).

    Note:

    Oracle recommends use of the generic installer fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_lite_generic.jar, which does not include Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR), in production deployments. Use of ADR is no longer required with WebLogic Server.

    The generic installer fmw_12.2.1.4.0_wls_Disk1_1of1.zip provided in prior versions of WebLogic Server is also available for customers. This installer includes ADR and can be used for existing WebLogic Server installations.

Obtaining the Oracle WebLogic Server MT Distribution

You download the distribution from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN)

For complete information about how to obtain Oracle Fusion Middleware software, see Understanding and Obtaining Product Distributions in Planning an Installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware.

Note:

WebLogic Server Multitenant feature is deprecated in WebLogic Server 12.2.1.4.0 and will be removed in the next release.

To download software for development or evaluation, go to the following OTN location:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/fusion-middleware/downloads/index.html

To obtain WebLogic Server MT, go to OTN and follow these steps:

  1. Find fmw_12.2.1.4.0_infrastructure_Disk1_1of1.zip and download it to your system.
  2. Extract the .zip file contents onto your system. The extracted file fmw_12.2.1.4.0_infrastructure.jar runs the product installer and installs the software onto your system (Installing the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Software).

    About the Oracle WebLogic Server and Coherence Distribution describes products and feature sets in this distribution.

For more about locating and downloading Oracle Fusion Middleware products, see Oracle Fusion Middleware Download, Installation, and Configuration Readme Files on OTN.