Use a web service data control to retrieve data from a web service data source to display in your portal.
To perform the tasks in this chapter, you need one of the following portal-level permissions:
Assets: Create, Edit, and Delete Assets or
Create Assets and
Edit Assets (standard permissions)
Data Controls: Create, Edit, and Delete Data Controls or
Create Data Controls and
Edit Data Controls (advanced permissions)
A web service data control is essentially a bridge that makes data from a source available to a portal.
Data retrieved from a web service by a data control can be rendered on a portal page in a custom task flow. You can select how to present the data, appropriate to the specific data control. For example, the data can be shown as a table, graph, form, button, or label. You can enable users to control the data displayed by a data control by including a parameter form along with the data presentation. You can also wire data control parameters to task flow parameters so that the data control retrieves data based on the values specified for the task flow parameters. Users can change the value of the task flow parameters in the page editor to request the corresponding data from the data control.
The basic steps to accomplish this are:
Create a data control (see Creating a Web Service Data Control).
Create a custom task flow (see Creating a Task Flow).
Add the custom task flow component to a page, then add the data control you want to render on the page (see Consuming a Data Control in a Task Flow and Controlling the Data Displayed in a Task Flow Using a Data Control).
A web service data control retrieves data from a web service that is accessed using standard protocols, such as SOAP and HTTP. You can use the objects in the data control (such as accessors, methods, and attributes) to create data-bound user interface components that you can include in a custom task flows.
To collect data from a web service, you must know the path to the Web Service Description Language (WSDL) file. The WSDL file describes the web service and specifies the methods that can be called, including the expected parameters. It also describes the returned data.
Based on the permissions you have on a web service data source, you can only provide values for the parameters specified by the methods of the web service. You cannot add or delete parameters. You can provide values for the following types of parameters:
Scalar parameters—Simple parameters for which you can directly specify string or EL values to display data.
Complex parameters—Derived parameters that take objects as parameters. They may also get their value from scalar parameters exposed by the method.
Array parameters—Enable you to pass multiple values at a time, thereby updating multiple records in the data source simultaneously.
As well as querying the data source, a web service data control may also provide an option to update records, but only if the underlying web service allows data to be updated.
A web service data control retrieves data from a web service that is accessed using standard protocols, such as SOAP and HTTP.
To create a web service data control:
Navigate to one of the following:
In the left pane, under Integration, click Data Controls.
In the toolbar, click Create.
In the Create New Data Control dialog, in the Name field, enter a name for the data control.
This name is displayed in the resource catalog.
In the Description field, enter a brief description of the data control.
The description is displayed in the resource catalog.
From the Data Control Type drop-down list, select Web Service and then click Continue to display the Create New Data Control wizard.
In the WSDL URL field, enter the location of the web service's WSDL file, for example:
If the web service is on the other side of a firewall from your portal, use the Host and Port fields to configure proxy authentication.
To ensure a secure connection to the web service, you must first configure your application to use proxy authentication.
If a central WebCenter Portal proxy (or RSS proxy) is already configured, then the proxy fields are automatically populated with that proxy host name and port number. You can modify the proxy details or clear the fields if you do not want to configure the proxy.
Changing the WebCenter Portal central proxy does not change the proxy settings against the web service data control. However, changing the web service data control proxy setting changes the WebCenter Portal central proxy setting.
If a Web Logic Domain proxy is already configured, and if you choose not to set a proxy while creating or editing the web service data control, then the Web Logic Domain proxy is used as the default setting.
If you are connecting to a secured web service, then enter the Username and Password to access the web service endpoint.
If access to the WSDL itself is secured, then you cannot connect to the web service from the Create New Data Control page. To work around this limitation, access the WSDL in a browser by specifying the user name and password, download the WSDL page, save it locally as a
.wsdl document, then specify the path to this document in the WSDL URL field.
Click Show Methods to establish a connection to the web service using the specified WSDL and display the methods available for the web service.
From the Service drop-down list, select the service to use for the data control.
From the Port drop-down list, select one of the available ports.
The Methods field displays the methods available for the specified web service.
All methods under the selected port are added to the data control. These methods are later available for selection in the resource catalog.
Figure 27-1 Adding Web Service Methods to a Data Control
If the web service is secured using OWSM, use the fields in the Oracle Web Service Manager Security Policies section to specify the policies to use, as described in Table 27-1.
Table 27-1 OWSM Security Information
The MOTM (message transmission optimization mechanism) policy you want to use.
The reliability policy you want to use.
The addressing policy you want to use.
Any additional security policies you want to apply.
For example, if your web service is secured using a policy named
mycompany/wss_username_token_service_policy, populate the Security field with the client policy, which is
For more information about security policies, see Testing OWSM Security Policies in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Web Services.
You can override properties on the Security policy that you specified in the previous step. Use the Add Property and Remove Property buttons to add or remove entries in the Override OWSM Policy Properties table.
Override properties are defined by the policy. Therefore, to perform this step, you must know the policy being used and the properties that you can override.
For example, if you specified a Security policy,
mycompany/wss_username_token_client_policy, and the policy has a
csf-key property, then in the override section, click Add Property to add a value for
csf-key. Note that this key must exist in the configured keystore.
For more information about adding
csf-key to the credential store, see Configuring the Credential Store in Oracle Fusion Middleware Securing Web Services and Managing Policies with Oracle Web Services Manager.
To set values for a method's parameters, select the method and click Next.
A web service may expose scalar and complex parameters that control the data displayed by the data control. For more information, see About Web Service Data Controls.
For each parameter:
For complex parameters, you must first expand the parameter to display the scalar values that make up the parameter.
In the Display Name field, enter a user-friendly name for the parameter.
This name is displayed to users when they consume the data control in a task flow.
In the Tooltip Text field, enter a brief description of the parameter.
This provides users with assistance in determining the purpose of the parameter.
Select Show to User to display the parameter to users when they consume the data control in a task flow.
You can specify values for exposed parameters only while consuming the data control in a task flow. For more information, see Editing Data Control Parameter Values.
The newly created data control is listed on the Assets or Shared Assets page. The empty check box in the Available column indicates that the data control is not yet published and hence is not available for users to add to their task flows. To publish the data control, select the check box to enable users to add the data control to a task flow in the page editor (see Creating a Task Flow).
You can modify a web service data control by selecting it and choosing the Edit quick link. The Edit dialog enables you to modify the values that you provided while creating the data control.
When you edit a web service data control, the references to this data control in task flows may be broken. Therefore, use the Edit option on a data control with caution, after considering the impact on the consuming task flows.
To fix references to edited data controls, you must edit the task flow's source files. For more information, see Editing the Source Code of an Asset.
To edit a web service data control:
Figure 27-2 The Edit Quick Link for a Data Control
For information about these fields, see Creating a Web Service Data Control.
The following options are available on the Assets and Shared Assets page to enable you to manage web service data controls.
Create—For more information, see Creating a Web Service Data Control.
Delete—You can delete a data control when it is no longer required.
For more information, see Deleting an Asset.
When you delete a data control, the references to this data control in task flows may be broken. Therefore use the Delete option on a data control with caution, after considering the impact on the consuming task flows. For information about how to fix broken data control references, see Repairing a Task Flow with Broken References to a Data Control.
Upload—You can upload an archive file that contains a data control from another portal.
For more information, see Uploading an Asset.
You cannot use the Upload option to upload a data control that has been exported from JDeveloper.
Your system administrator must ensure that a connection to the web service, complete with credentials, exists on the target instance.
You can upload a web service connection used by the data control if the connection has been downloaded from the source instance. To upload a connection, use the
importWebCenterPortalConnections WLST command. For command syntax and examples, see
importWebCenterPortalConnections in Oracle Fusion Middleware WebCenter WLST Command Reference. For information on how to run WLST commands, see Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.
Download—You can download a data control into an archive file for uploading into another portal.
For more information, see Downloading an Asset.
You cannot import a data control that has been downloaded from WebCenter Portal into JDeveloper.
You can also download any web service connection used by the data control so that the connection can also be uploaded into the target instance. To download a connection, use the
exportWebCenterPortalConnections WLST command. For command syntax and examples, see
exportWebCenterPortalConnections in Oracle Fusion Middleware WebCenter WLST Command Reference. For information on how to run WLST commands, see Running Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) Commands in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.
Copy—You can create a copy of a data control. You can use this feature when you want to back up a data control, or update a data control while keeping the original in use.
Fore more information, see Copying an Asset.
Security Settings—You can control whether all users or only specific users or groups can access a data control.
For more information, see Setting Security for an Asset.
Edit Properties—Each data control has certain properties associated with it that control how it is displayed in a portal. You can edit these properties through the Edit Properties dialog.
For more information, see Setting Properties on an Asset.
Show Properties—Each data control has certain properties associated with it that control how it is displayed in a portal. These properties are summarized in the Show Properties dialog.
For more information, see Viewing Information About an Asset.
Available—You can control whether or not a data control is included in the resource catalog, and therefore whether or not it is available for use in a portal.
For more information, see Showing and Hiding Assets.
In addition to showing or hiding a data control in the resource catalog, you can also control whether a shared data control is available to any, all, or selected portals in WebCenter Portal. For more information, see Setting Properties on an Asset.
Edit—For more information, see Editing a Web Service Data Control.