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Sun Java System Messaging Server 6 2005Q1 Administration Guide 


This guide explains how to administer the Sun Java™ System Messaging Server and its accompanying software components. Messaging Server provides a powerful and flexible cross-platform solution to meet the email needs of enterprises and messaging hosts of all sizes using open Internet standards.

Topics covered in this chapter include:

Who Should Use This Book

You should read this book if you are responsible for administering and deploying Messaging Server at your site. You should also have read the Sun Java System Communications Services Deployment Planning Guide (

Before You Read This Book

his book assumes that you are responsible for installing the Messaging Server software and that you have a general understanding of the following:

How This Book Is Organized

This manual contains the following chapters and appendix:

Table 1  How This Book Is Organized




General information about using this book.

Chapter 1, "Post-install Tasks and Layout"

Describes the tasks required to get you to a point where you have a functioning Messaging Server.

Chapter 2, "Upgrading to Sun Java Systems Messaging Server"

Describes how to upgrade from Messaging Server 5.2 to Messaging Server 6 2005Q1.

Chapter 3, "Configuring High Availability"

Provides information on how to configure the Veritas Cluster Server and Sun Cluster high availability clustering software for use with the Messaging Server.

Chapter 4, "Configuring General Messaging Capabilities"

Describes the general Messaging Server tasks.

Chapter 5, "Configuring POP, IMAP, and HTTP Services"

Describes how to configure your server to support POP, IMAP and HTTP services by using the Sun ONE Console or by using command-line utilities.

Chapter 6, "Enabling Single Sign-On (SSO)"

Explains how to enable Single Sign-On.

Chapter 7, "Configuring and Administering Multiplexor Services"

Describes the Messaging Multiplexor (MMP) for standard mail protocols (POP, IMAP and SMTP) and the Messenger Express Multiplexor used for the Messenger Express web interface.

Chapter 8, "MTA Concepts"

Provides a conceptual description of the MTA.

Chapter 9, "MTA Address Translation and Routing"

Describes MTA Address Translation and Routing.

Chapter 10, "About MTA Services and Configuration"

Describes general MTA services and configuration.

Chapter 11, "Configuring Rewrite Rules"

Describes how to configure rewrite rules in the imta.cnf file.

Chapter 12, "Configuring Channel Definitions"

Explains how to use channel keyword definitions in the MTA configuration file imta.cnf.

Chapter 13, "Using Pre-defined Channels"

Describes how to use pre-defined channel definitions in the MTA.

Chapter 14, "Integrating Spam and Virus Filtering Programs Into Messaging Server"

Describes how to integrate and configure spam and virus filtering software with Messaging Server.

Chapter 15, "LMTP Delivery"

Describes LMTP operation and deployment.

Chapter 16, "Vacation Automatic Message Reply"

Describes the vacation autoreply mechanism.

Chapter 17, "Mail Filtering and Access Control"

Discusses how to filter mail based on its source (sender, IP address and so on) or header strings.

Chapter 18, "Managing the Message Store"

Describes the message store and its administration interface.

Chapter 19, "Configuring Security and Access Control"

Describes how to configure security and access control to the messaging server.

Chapter 20, "Administering S/MIME for Communications Express Mail"

Describes how to administer S/MIME.

Chapter 21, "Managing Logging"

Describes Messaging Server logging facility.

Chapter 22, "Troubleshooting the MTA"

Describes common tools, methods, and procedures for troubleshooting the MTA.

Chapter 23, "Monitoring the Messaging Server"

Describes the monitoring of the Messaging Server.

Appendix A, "SNMP Support"

Describes how to enable SNMP support for the Messaging Server.

Appendix B, "Administering Event Notification Service in Messaging Server"

Describes how to enable the Event Notification Service Publisher (ENS Publisher) and administer Event Notification Service (ENS) in Messaging Server.

Appendix C, "Managing Mail Users and Mailing Lists with the Console Interface (NOT RECOMMENDED)"


Appendix D, "Short Message Service (SMS)"

Describes how to implement the Short Message Service (SMS).

Appendix E, "Installation Worksheets"

Provides worksheets by which you can plan your installation.


Complete list of terms that are used in this documentation set.



Conventions Used in This Book

The tables in this section describe the conventions used in this book.

Typographic Conventions

The following table describes the typographic changes used in this book.

Table 2  Typographic Conventions 





Any text that appears on the computer screen or text that you should type. Can be API and language elements, HTML tags, web site URLs, command names, file names, directory path names, on-screen computer output, sample code.

Edit your.login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

% You have mail.

(Monospace bold)

Text you should type when it appears within a code example or other on-screen computer output.

% su


A placeholder in a command or path name that you should replace with a real name or value (for example, a variable).

Also can be a book title, new term, or word to be emphasized.

The file is located in the msg_svr_base/bin directory.

Read Chapter 6 in the User’s Guide.

These are called class options.

Do not save the file.


The following table describes the symbol conventions used in this book.

Table 3  Symbol Conventions 





[ ]

Optional command options.

ls [-l]

The -l option is not required.

{ | }

Contains a set of choices for a required command option.

-d {y|n}

The -d option requires that you use either the y argument or the n argument.


Joins simultaneous multiple keystrokes.


Press the Control key while you press the A key.


Joins consecutive multiple keystrokes.


Press the Control key, release it, and then press the subsequent keys.


Indicates menu item selection in a graphical user interface.

File > New > Templates

From the File menu, choose New. From the New submenu, choose Templates.

Default Paths and File Names

The following table describes the default paths and file names used in this book.

Table 4  Default Paths and File Names




Represents the base installation directory for Messaging Server. The default value of the msg_svr_base installation is as follows:

Solaris™ systems: /opt/SUNWmsgsr

Linux systems: /opt/sun/messaging

Command Line Prompts

Command line prompts (for example, % for a C-Shell, or $ for a Korn or Bourne shell) are not displayed in most examples. Depending on which operating system you are using, you will see a variety of different command line prompts. However, you should enter the command as it appears in the document unless specifically noted otherwise.

Related Documentation

The http://docs.sun.comSM web site enables you to access Sun technical documentation online. You can browse the archive or search for a specific book title or subject.

Messaging Server Documents

Use the following URL to see all the Messaging Server documentation:

The following documents are available:

The Messaging Server product suite contains other products such as Sun Java™ System Console, Directory Server, and Administration Server. Documentation for these and other products can be found at the following URL:

In addition to the software documentation, see the Messaging Server Software Forum for technical help on specific Messaging Server product questions. The forum can be found at the following URL:

Communications Services Documents

Use the following URL to see the documentation that applies to all Communications Services products:

The following documents are available:

Where to Find This Manual Online

You can find the Messaging Server Adminstration Guide online in PDF and HTML formats. This book can be found at the following URLs:


Accessing Sun Resources Online

For product downloads, professional services, patches and support, and additional developer information, go to the following:

Contacting Sun Technical Support

If you have technical questions about this product that are not answered in the product documentation, go to

Related Third-Party Web Site References

Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or resources.

Sun Welcomes Your Comments

Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments and suggestions.

To share your comments, go to and click Send Comments. In the online form, provide the document title and part number. The part number is a seven-digit or nine-digit number that can be found on the title page of the book or at the top of the document. For example, the title of this book is Sun Java System Messaging Server 6 2005Q1 Administration Guide, and the part number is 819-0105.

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