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Installing Oracle® Solaris 11.2 Systems
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Document Information

Using This Documentation

Part I Oracle Solaris 11.2 Installation Options

Part II Installing Using Installation Media

Part III Installing Using an Install Server

Chapter 7 Automated Installation of Multiple Clients

What Is an Automated Installation?

Components of the Automated Installer

DHCP Servers Supporting AI

IPS Repositories Supporting AI

AI Server

Install Services

AI Manifests

System Configuration Profiles

First-boot Scripts

AI Clients

Securing AI

AI and Zones

Overview of the AI Configuration Process

Booting an AI Client

Planning for an AI Server

Configuring Network Interfaces on an AI Server

Identifying Necessary Install Instances

Automated Installer Use Cases

Chapter 8 Setting Up an AI Server

AI Server Setup Tasks

AI Server Requirements

Install Service Operation Privileges

Configuring an AI Server

How to Set Up An AI Server

Changing the Configuration of an AI Server

Configuring the Web Server User Files Directory

Working With Install Services

Creating an Install Service

How to Create an Install Service

What Happens When an Install Service Is Created?

Example DHCP Configuration Files To Support AI Clients

ISC DHCP Configuration for an Oracle Solaris 11.2 i386 Install Service

ISC DHCP Configuration for an Oracle Solaris 11 i386 Install Service

ISC DHCP Configuration for an Oracle Solaris 11.2 sparc Install Service

Associating Clients With Install Services

Associating a Client With a Service

Hands-Off AI Installation for x86 Clients

Deleting a Client From an Install Service

Customizing Installation Instructions

Associating Client-Specific Installation Instructions With an Install Service

Associating Client-Specific Configuration Instructions With Install Services

Administering the AI SMF Service

Increasing Security for Automated Installations

Configuring Security Credentials

Order of Precedence for Security

How to Configure Security for Automated Installations

Configuring AI Server Credentials

Configuring Secure Install Services

Configuring Client Credentials

OBP Security Keys for SPARC Clients

Disabling and Enabling Security

Deleting Credentials

How to Configure Kerberos Clients Using AI

Showing Information About Install Services

Managing Install Services

Setting Install Service Aliases

Setting the Default AI Manifest for an Install Service

Setting the Image Path for an Install Service

Updating an Existing Install Service

Managing AI Manifests

Updating an AI Manifest

Validating an AI Manifest

Deleting an AI Manifest

Managing System Configuration Profiles

Updating a System Configuration Profile

Validating a System Configuration Profile

Deleting a System Configuration Profile

Exporting an AI Manifest or a System Configuration Profile

Chapter 9 Customizing Installations

Matching Clients With Installation and Configuration Instructions

Selecting the AI Manifest

Selecting System Configuration Profiles

Selection Criteria

Chapter 10 Provisioning the Client System

Customizing an XML AI Manifest File

How to Customize an XML AI Manifest File

Creating an AI Manifest at Client Installation Time

How to Create and Apply a Derived Manifest Script

Creating a Derived Manifest Script

Retrieving Client Attributes

Customizing the AI Manifest

Examples of Derived Manifest Scripts

Testing Derived Manifest Scripts

How to Test the Derived Manifest Script in an Install Environment

Adding a Derived Manifest Script to an Install Service

Creating a AI Manifest Using the AI Manifest Wizard

Configuring an AI Server for the AI Manifest Wizard

How to Create an AI Manifest Using the AI Manifest Wizard

Example AI Manifests

Specifying an iSCSI Target Device

Specifying a RAID Configuration

Installing an SVR4 Package

Installing Multiple SVR4 Packages

Reusing Existing Disk Slices or Partitions

Default AI Manifest

Chapter 11 Configuring the Client System

Providing Configuration Profiles

Creating System Configuration Profiles

Validating System Configuration Profiles

Adding System Configuration Profiles to an Install Service

Specifying Configuration in a System Configuration Profile

Configuring Root and User Accounts

Configuring the Root Account

Configuring a User Account

Creating a User Account Without Depending on the Automounter

User Account Properties

Configuring Multiple Initial Users

Configuring SSH Keys

Setting the System Identity

Setting the Time Zone and Locale

Setting the Terminal Type and Keyboard Layout

Configuring Network Interfaces

Configuring Name Service

Configuring Kerberos

Setting Up Oracle Configuration Manager and Oracle Auto Service Request

Using System Configuration Profile Templates

Example System Configuration Profiles

Sample System Configuration Profile

Specifying Static Network Configuration

Configuring Multiple IPv4 Interfaces

Adding User SSH Keys

Specifying Name Service Configuration

Configuring Name Service NIS

Configuring Name Service DNS

Configuring Name Service LDAP

Using DNS With LDAP

Using NIS With DNS

Chapter 12 Installing and Configuring Zones

How AI Installs Non-Global Zones

Specifying Non-Global Zones in the Global Zone AI Manifest

Non-Global Zone Configuration and Installation Data

Non-Global Zone AI Manifest

Non-Global Zone System Configuration Profiles

Chapter 13 Running a Custom Script During First Boot

Implementing Run Once at First Boot Controls

How to Ensure One Run at First Boot

Creating a Script to Run at First Boot

Creating an SMF Manifest File

Using the Manifest Creation Tool

Customizing the Generated Manifest

Creating an IPS Package for the Script and Service

How to Create and Publish the IPS Package

Installing the First-Boot Package on the AI Client

How to Install the IPS Package

Testing the First-Boot Service

How to Update the Script or Service

Chapter 14 Installing Client Systems

How a Client Is Installed

SPARC and x86 Client System Requirements

Setting Up an AI Client

Setting Up a SPARC Client

Setting Up an x86 Client

Deleting a Client From a Service

Installing Clients

Using Secure Shell to Remotely Monitor Installations

Monitoring x86 Client Installations

Monitoring SPARC Client Installations

Installing a SPARC Client

Installing a SPARC Client Using Secure Download

Setting the Hashing Key and Encryption Key

Resetting the Hashing Key and Encryption Key

Deleting the Hash Key and Encryption Key

Installing a SPARC Client Using DHCP

Installing a SPARC Client Without Using DHCP

SPARC Client Network Boot Sequence

Installing an x86 Client

Client Installation Messages

Automated Installation Started Message

Automated Installation Succeeded Message

Chapter 15 Troubleshooting Automated Installations

Client Installation Fails

Check the Installation Logs and Instructions

Check DNS

Check Client Boot Errors

Boot Disk Not Found

SPARC Network Booting Errors and Possible Causes

Timed out Waiting for BOOTP/DHCP Reply

Boot Load Failed

Internal Server Error or WAN Boot Alert

ERROR 403: Forbidden or ERROR 404: Not Found

Automated Installer Not Started

Invalid HMAC Value

x86 Network Booting Errors and Possible Causes

No DHCP or ProxyDHCP Offers Were Received

TFTP Error or System Hangs After GATEWAY Message

System Hangs After GRUB Menu Entry is Selected

HTTP Request Sent Results in 403 Forbidden or 404 Not Found

Automated Installer Not Started

SPARC and x86 Error Messages

Automated Installation Failed Message

IPS Server Not Available

Package Not Found

Boot Errors on Secured Client

Security-related AI Failures

Booting the Installation Environment Without Starting an Installation

Starting an Automated Installation from the Command Line

Part IV Performing Related Tasks


Chapter 11

Configuring the Client System

This chapter describes how to specify information needed to configure the client system after installation. You can specify configuration of anything that is configurable by using Service Management Facility (SMF) properties.