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Oracle® Enterprise Manager Ops Center Updating Your Oracle Solaris 10 Operating System
12c Release 2 (12.2.1.0.0)

E48150-02
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Oracle® Enterprise Manager Ops Center

Updating Your Oracle Solaris 10 Operating System

12c Release 2 (12.2.1.0.0)

E48150-02

June 2014

This guide provides an end-to-end example for how to use Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center.

Introduction

Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center has several methods for patching or updating operating systems. The update methods vary, depending on the operating system that you are updating.

In many cases, the options and steps for managing and installing updates on Oracle Linux and Oracle Solaris 8, 9, or 10 operating systems are very similar. You can update these operating systems by using update profiles, deployment plans, system catalogs, or update reports. You can easily apply an update to a single system, but the more powerful application is being able to apply updates consistently across your data center. Update profiles define actions and how the job runs. You can use system-defined profiles, you can create your own profiles, or you can use a combination of system-defined and user-defined profiles as steps in a deployment plan.

The best method to apply a list of patches to multiple systems is to create an Update Profile. Once you create the profile, you can use it many times ensuring that the same patches in the list are applied each and every time.

This example shows how to create and use a user-defined profile as a step in a deployment plan to update your Oracle Solaris 10 operating system with updates from the Oracle Knowledge Base in My Oracle Support (MOS).

Update Actions

The software includes the following system-defined OS Update profiles for common update actions:

  • Check Bugs Fix: Verifies that the system has all of the latest recommended patches installed.

  • Check Security: Verifies that the system has all of the required security patches installed.

  • Check System: Verifies the software dependencies and recommends components to install or upgrade.

  • Local Software Review: Validates local components against the latest certified list.

  • Perform Reboot: Restarts the operating system.

  • Perform Reboot - Reconfigure: Restarts the operating system and performs postinstallation configuration.

  • Upgrade All Components: Checks for any available component updates.

Options for Jobs

When you use an update profile, you can define how the job runs, the order, and how failures are handled:

  • Run Type

    • Simulation: Checks dependencies and creates a bucket of all of the updates needed within the profile. The job does not apply the patches or packages.

    • Adding Download: Downloads all needed updates to the target systems.

    • Actual Run: Deploys the updates on the target systems.

  • Target Execution Order

    • Sequential: Updates are applied in the preferred order.

    • Parallel: Updates are installed in parallel. Because scripts are independent, you can use this option to save time by executing your scripts at the same time.

  • Task Failure Policy

    • Complete as much as possible: Continues the update job, even if a update or package fails.

    • Stop at Failure and notify: Stops the job on failure.

Updates

The patches and packages or images are stored in the Oracle Linux, Oracle Solaris 8-10 Software Update Library. Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center downloads the metadata from the Oracle Knowledge Base and saves them in the library. When you submit an update job for specific target assets, the Agent Controller on each target sends a request to the Enterprise Controller to download the latest information.

See Related Articles and Resources for links to related information and articles.

What You Will Need

You will need the following to update an Oracle Solaris 10 operating system:

  • An Enterprise Controller that is configured for updates with an Internet connection

  • An agent-managed system running Oracle Solaris 10

  • Credentials for the system

  • A configured Linux, Solaris 8-10 Software Update Library

  • Correct role and permissions to complete this end-to-end example:

    • Update Admin: Discover and manage the asset and zone

    • Update Simulation Admin and Update permission includes: Create an update OS job, deploy or update software

    • Plan/Profile Admin: Create and manage profiles and plans

Work With OS Updates

This example includes a simple and a complex scenario:

Scenario 1 - Apply a Single Update To a Single System

To install a single patch or package to a system, you can do the following:

  1. Create an OS Update Profile

  2. Run a Simulation

  3. Update the OS

Create an OS Update Profile

An OS Update profile defines actions that you can run. A set of system-defined profiles are available in Update Profiles.

Description of update_profiles.png follows
Description of the illustration update_profiles.png

You can use these profiles, or create user-defined profiles. You can use the profile to run a job, or you can use the profile as a step in a deployment plan.

  1. Click Plan Management in the Navigation pane, expand Profiles and Policies, then click Update Profiles.

    Description of np_update_profiles.png follows
    Description of the illustration np_update_profiles.png

  2. Click New Profile in the Actions pane to display the New Profile wizard.

  3. Enter the following parameters:

    • Name: enter a unique profile name.

    • Description: enter the description of the profile.

    • Type: select the profile type as Install.

    • Distribution: select the distribution type as SOLARIS10_SPARC.

    Locate and select a Component from the Component tree and click the Install icon to add the selected component in the Profile Contents.

    Select the check box Apply to all applicable distributions.

    Description of create_osupdate.png follows
    Description of the illustration create_osupdate.png

  4. Click Create OS Update Profile to create the profile.

Run a Simulation

When creating a job, select a policy from the list of available policies. Run the job in simulation mode to determine the actions and results of a job.

  1. Click Plan Management in the Navigation pane, expand Profiles and Policies, then click Update Profiles. In the center pane, select the profile that you created in the previous procedure.

    Description of profile_in_cpane.png follows
    Description of the illustration profile_in_cpane.png

  2. Click New Update OS Job in the Actions pane to display the wizard.

  3. Enter the following parameters:

    • Enter the name of the job.

    • Select the Target setting: Use the same Targets for all tasks in the job.

    • Select a Run Type: Simulation. Click the Download check box to download the patches as part of the job simulation.

    • Select the Task Execution order: Sequential.

    • Select the Task Failure policy: Complete as much of job as possible.

    Description of simulation_job.png follows
    Description of the illustration simulation_job.png

  4. In the Task section, define the profile, policy, and target for the task. Select the profile that you have created in the above procedure for the Profile column, select Ask for all for policy, and select the target from the list of available items for Targets. In this case, select MyHost.

    Description of job_information.png follows
    Description of the illustration job_information.png

    Click Next to display the Job Schedule.

  5. Select a job schedule to run the job and click Next.

    Description of job_schedule.png follows
    Description of the illustration job_schedule.png

  6. View the Job Summary. Click Finish to run the Update OS Simulation.

    You can now run the actual job.

    Description of job_summary.png follows
    Description of the illustration job_summary.png

Update the OS

The New Update OS Job option enables you to create customized update jobs. When creating a job, you define how the software performs the job, set the automation level of the job, and select a policy from the list of available policies. You run the job with Run Type as Actual Run. This step should be done once the simulate job has completed successfully. Apart from the Run Type, this step is performed the same way as the previous procedure.

You can specify the name of the job, select the Run Type as Actual and click Run Now to run the job and update the operating system.

Description of job_actualrun.png follows
Description of the illustration job_actualrun.png

Scenario 2 - Apply Several Updates to Several Systems

When you apply a list of updates to multiple systems, you must create an Update Profile.

See Create an OS Update Profile, for more information on how to create an OS Update Profile.

This example shows how you can create a custom OS Update profile and use that, along with the profile, as steps in a deployment plan. The plan will update your Oracle Solaris OS with updates from the Oracle Knowledge Base in My Oracle Support (MOS).

The steps that are used in this example to update an Oracle Solaris 10 operating system are:

  1. Create the Deployment Plan Using OS Update Profile

  2. Run the Deployment Plan

Create the Deployment Plan Using OS Update Profile

Use the Software Deployment / Update template to create a deployment plan to check and deploy the updates.

  1. In the Navigation pane, under Plan Management, expand Deployment Plans. Click Software Deployment / Update.

    Description of software_deploymentupd.png follows
    Description of the illustration software_deploymentupd.png

  2. Click Create Plan from Template in the Actions Pane.

    Description of createplan_actionspane.png follows
    Description of the illustration createplan_actionspane.png

  3. Enter a plan name and the plan description. Select the Failure Policy as Complete as much as possible.

  4. Each step has a drop-down menu of available actions in the Associated Profiles / Deployment Plan field. On the Update OS step, select the OS Update profile as the associated profile, and then click Save.

    Description of depplan_steps.png follows
    Description of the illustration depplan_steps.png

  5. The deployment plan appears under the Software Deployment/Update of Deployment Plans in Plan Management.

    Description of created_depplan.png follows
    Description of the illustration created_depplan.png

Run the Deployment Plan

After you create the deployment plan, you must select the target asset to run the deployment plan.

  1. In the Navigation pane, under Plan Management, expand Deployment Plans. Click Software Deployment / Update. Select the user-defined deployment plan.

  2. Click Apply Deployment Plan in the Actions pane.

    Description of apply_depplan.png follows
    Description of the illustration apply_depplan.png

  3. Select the target assets and click Add to Target List. Select Apply the plan with minimal interaction.

    Description of selecttarget_asset.png follows
    Description of the illustration selecttarget_asset.png

    Click Next to review the values of the deployment steps.

  4. Skip the Introduction step and click Next.

    Description of introduction.png follows
    Description of the illustration introduction.png

  5. For the Global Update Settings window: select the Execution Mode as Perform Update and click Next.

    Description of perform_update.png follows
    Description of the illustration perform_update.png

  6. Review the profile to be applied in the Update OS Summary and click Next to Schedule the job.

    Description of opdateos_summary.png follows
    Description of the illustration opdateos_summary.png

  7. Select Now to execute the deployment plan on the selected targets and click Apply.

    Description of job_schedule.png follows
    Description of the illustration job_schedule.png

    The job runs to execute the deployment plan. The patch is installed on the operating system.

What's Next?

You can manage the operating systems, create an operating system report, perform monitoring, and analytics for the operating system.

Related Articles and Resources

For more information on updating your Oracle Solaris and Linux operating systems, see the following:

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Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center Updating Your Oracle Solaris 10 Operating System, 12c Release 2 (12.2.1.0.0)

E48150-02

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