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   Using BEA Tuxedo Security

Operating System (OS) Security

On host operating systems with underlying security features, such as file permissions, the operating-system level of security is the first line of defense. An application administrator can use file permissions to grant or deny access privileges to specific users or groups of users.

Most BEA Tuxedo applications are managed by an application administrator who configures the application, starts it, and monitors the running application dynamically, making changes as necessary. Because the application is started and run by the administrator, server programs are run with the administrator's permissions and are therefore considered secure or "trusted." This working method is supported by the login mechanism and the read and write permissions on the files, directories, and system resources provided by the underlying operating system.

Client programs are run directly by users with the users' own permissions. In addition, users running native clients (that is, clients running on the same machine on which the server program is running) have access to the UBBCONFIG configuration file and interprocess communication (IPC) mechanisms such as the bulletin board (a reserved piece of shared memory in which parameters governing the application and statistics about the application are stored).

For applications running on platforms that support greater security, a more secure approach is to limit access to the files and IPC mechanisms to the application administrator and to have "trusted" client programs run with the permissions of the administrator (using the setuid command on a UNIX host machine or the equivalent command on another platform). For the most secure operating system security, allow only Workstation clients to access the application; client programs should not be allowed to run on the same machines on which application server and administrative programs run.

See Also