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Writing Device Drivers     Oracle Solaris 11 Information Library
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Part I Designing Device Drivers for the Oracle Solaris Platform

1.  Overview of Oracle Solaris Device Drivers

2.  Oracle Solaris Kernel and Device Tree

3.  Multithreading

4.  Properties

5.  Managing Events and Queueing Tasks

6.  Driver Autoconfiguration

7.  Device Access: Programmed I/O

8.  Interrupt Handlers

9.  Direct Memory Access (DMA)

10.  Mapping Device and Kernel Memory

11.  Device Context Management

12.  Power Management

13.  Hardening Oracle Solaris Drivers

14.  Layered Driver Interface (LDI)

Part II Designing Specific Kinds of Device Drivers

15.  Drivers for Character Devices

16.  Drivers for Block Devices

17.  SCSI Target Drivers

Introduction to Target Drivers

Sun Common SCSI Architecture Overview

General Flow of Control

SCSA Functions

Hardware Configuration File

Declarations and Data Structures

scsi_device Structure

scsi_pkt Structure (Target Drivers)

Autoconfiguration for SCSI Target Drivers

probe() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

attach() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

detach() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

getinfo() Entry Point (SCSI Target Drivers)

Resource Allocation

scsi_init_pkt() Function

scsi_sync_pkt() Function

scsi_destroy_pkt() Function

scsi_alloc_consistent_buf() Function

scsi_free_consistent_buf() Function

Building and Transporting a Command

Building a Command

Setting Target Capabilities

Transporting a Command

Synchronous scsi_transport() Function

Command Completion

Reuse of Packets

Auto-Request Sense Mode

Dump Handling

SCSI Options

18.  SCSI Host Bus Adapter Drivers

19.  Drivers for Network Devices

20.  USB Drivers

21.  SR-IOV Drivers

Part III Building a Device Driver

22.  Compiling, Loading, Packaging, and Testing Drivers

23.  Debugging, Testing, and Tuning Device Drivers

24.  Recommended Coding Practices

Part IV Appendixes

A.  Hardware Overview

B.  Summary of Oracle Solaris DDI/DKI Services

C.  Making a Device Driver 64-Bit Ready

D.  Console Frame Buffer Drivers

E.  pci.conf File


SCSI Options

SCSA defines a global variable, scsi_options, for control and debugging. The defined bits in scsi_options can be found in the file <sys/scsi/conf/autoconf.h>. The scsi_options uses the bits as follows:


Enables global disconnect or reconnect.


Enables global FAST SCSI support: 10 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST (0x100) bit is set.


Enables global FAST20 SCSI support: 20 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST20 SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST20 (0x400) bit is set.


Enables global FAST40 SCSI support: 40 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST40 SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST40 (0x800) bit is set.


Enables global FAST80 SCSI support: 80 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST80 SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST80 (0x1000) bit is set.


Enables global FAST160 SCSI support: 160 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST160 SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST160 (0x2000) bit is set.


Enables global FAST320 SCSI support: 320 Mbytes/sec transfers. The HBA should not operate in FAST320 SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_FAST320 (0x4000) bit is set.


Enables global link support.


Enables global parity support.


Enables the Quick Arbitration Select feature. QAS is used to decrease protocol overhead when devices arbitrate for and access the bus. QAS is only supported on Ultra4 (FAST160) SCSI devices, although not all such devices support QAS. The HBA should not operate in QAS SCSI mode unless the SCSI_OPTIONS_QAS (0x100000) bit is set. Consult the appropriate Oracle hardware documentation to determine whether your machine supports QAS.


Enables global synchronous transfer capability.


Enables global tagged queuing support.


Enables global WIDE SCSI.

Note - The setting of scsi_options affects all host bus adapter drivers and all target drivers that are present on the system. Refer to the scsi_hba_attach(9F) man page for information on controlling these options for a particular host adapter.