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Managing Auditing in Oracle® Solaris 11.4

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Updated: February 2019
 
 

How to Compress Audit Files on a Dedicated File System

Audit files can grow large. You can set an upper limit to the size of a file, as shown in Example 20, Limiting File Size for the audit_binfile Plugin. In this procedure, you use compression to reduce the size.

Before You Begin

The root role can perform every task in this procedure.

    If administrative rights are distributed in your organization, note the following:

  • An administrator who is assigned the solaris.admin.edit/etc/security/audit_class authorization can modify the file.

  • An administrator with the Audit Control rights profile can refresh the audit service.

  • An administrator with the ZFS File System Management rights profile can configure ZFS file systems.

  • An administrator with the ZFS Storage Management rights profile can create storage pools.

For more information, see Using Your Assigned Administrative Rights in Securing Users and Processes in Oracle Solaris 11.4.

  1. Dedicate a ZFS file system for audit files.

    For the procedure, see How to Create ZFS File Systems for Audit Files.

  2. Compress the ZFS storage pool.

    You can compress the audit file system in two different ways. After the audit service is refreshed, the compression ratio is displayed.

    In the following examples, the ZFS pool auditp/auditf is the dataset.

    • Use the default compression algorithm.
      $ pfbash ; zfs set compression=on auditp/auditf
      $ audit -s
      $ zfs get compressratio auditp/auditf
      NAME           PROPERTY       VALUE  SOURCE
      auditp/auditf  compressratio  4.54x  -
    • Use a higher compression algorithm.
      $ zfs set compression=gzip-9 auditp/auditf
      $ zfs get compression auditp/auditf
      NAME           PROPERTY     VALUE     SOURCE
      auditp/auditf  compression  gzip-9    local

      The gzip-9 compression algorithm results in files that occupy one-third less space than the default compression algorithm, lzjb. For more information, see Chapter 7, Managing Oracle Solaris ZFS File Systems in Managing ZFS File Systems in Oracle Solaris 11.4.

  3. Refresh the audit service.
    $ audit -s
  4. (Optional) Verify the new compression setting.

    For example, if you used the higher compression algorithm, the information would be similar to the following:

    $ zfs get compressratio auditp/auditf
    NAME           PROPERTY       VALUE  SOURCE
    auditp/auditf  compressratio  16.89x  -