In Oracle Fusion Middleware, auditing refers to the process of collecting review specific information related to administrative, authentication, and run-time events. Auditing can help you evaluate adherence to polices, user access controls, and risk management procedures, and provides a measure of accountability and answers to the "who has done what and when" types of questions.
Audit data can be used to create dashboards, compile historical data, and assess risks. Analyzing recorded audit data allows compliance officers to perform periodic reviews of compliance policies. (Analyzing and using audit data is outside the scope of this chapter.)
The following topics describe the administrative and run-time events that can be audited for Oracle Access Management services as well as information on configuring common auditing settings and validating your auditing configuration: