DBMS_CLOUD_AI Package

The DBMS_CLOUD_AI package facilitates and configures the translation of natural language prompts to SQL statements.

Summary of DBMS_CLOUD_AI Subprograms

This section covers the DBMS_CLOUD_AI subprograms provided with Autonomous Database.

Subprogram Description

CREATE_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure new AI profile for translating natural language prompts to SQL statements.

DISABLE_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure disables an AI profile in the current database.

DROP_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure drops an existing AI profile.

ENABLE_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure enables an AI profile to use in the current database.

GENERATE Function

This function generates a SQL statement using AI to translate.

GET_PROFILE Function

This function returns the profile name used in the current session.

GET_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure returns the profile name and the owner of the profile in the current session.

SET_ATTRIBUTE Procedure

This procedure sets AI profile attributes.

SET_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure sets AI profile for the current database.

CREATE_PROFILE Procedure

The procedure creates a new AI profile for translating natural language prompts to SQL statement.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.CREATE_PROFILE
   profile_name        IN  VARCHAR2,
   attributes          IN  CLOB      DEFAULT NULL,
   status              IN  VARCHAR2  DEFAULT NULL,
   description         IN  CLOB      DEFAULT NULL
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

A name for the AI profile. The profile name must follow the naming rules of Oracle SQL identifier. Maximum length of profile name is 125 characters.

This is a mandatory parameter.

attributes

Profile attributes in JSON format. See AI Profile Attributes for more details.

The default value is NULL.

status

Status of the profile.

The default value is enable.

description

Description for the AI profile.

The default value is NULL.

Example

BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_AI.CREATE_PROFILE(
          profile_name    => 'OpenAI',
          attributes      => JSON_OBJECT('provider' value 'openai',
                                         'credential_name' value 'openai_cred'),
          description     => 'AI profile to use OpenAI for SQL translation'
     );
END;
/

DROP_PROFILE Procedure

The procedure drops an existing AI profile. If the profile does not exist, then the procedure throws an error.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.DROP_PROFILE(
       profile_name        IN   VARCHAR2,
       force               IN   BOOLEAN DEFAULT FALSE
 );

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

Name of the AI profile

force

If TRUE, then the procedure ignores errors if AI profile does not exist.

The default value for this parameter is FALSE.

Example

BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_AI.DROP_PROFILE(profile_name => 'OPENAI');
END;
/

Usage Notes

Use force to drop a profile and ignore errors if AI profile does not exist.

ENABLE_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure enables the AI profile that the user specifies. The procedure changes the status of the AI profile to ENABLED.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.ENABLE_PROFILE(
     profile_name         IN   VARCHAR2
 );

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

Name for the AI profile to enable

This parameter is mandatory.

Example to Enable AI Profile

BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_AI.ENABLE_PROFILE(
         profile_name    => 'OPENAI'
     );
END;
/

DISABLE_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure disables the AI profile in the current database. The status of the AI profile is changed to DISABLED by this procedure.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.DISABLE_PROFILE(
      profile_name  IN  VARCHAR2
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

Name for the AI profile.

This parameter is mandatory.

Example

BEGIN
     DBMS_CLOUD_AI.DISABLE_PROFILE(
         profile_name    => 'OPENAI'
     );
END;
/

GET_PROFILE Function

This function returns the AI profile name set in the current session.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GET_PROFILE(
    profile_name      IN  VARCHAR2
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

A name for the AI profile in the current session.

This parameter is mandatory.

Example

This example shows how you can display the name of the profile in the current session.


   SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GET_PROFILE
   from DUAL;

GET_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure returns the AI profile name and the owner set in the current session.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GET_PROFILE(                                                      
      profile_name  OUT  VARCHAR2,                                          
      profile_owner OUT  VARCHAR2                                           
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

A name for the AI profile in the current session.

This parameter is mandatory.

profile_owner Identifies the owner of the AI profile in the current session.

Example

This example shows how you can display the name and owner of the profile in the current session.

DECLARE                                                              
       l_profile_name  DBMS_ID;                                           
       l_profile_owner DBMS_ID;                                           
     BEGIN                                                                
       DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GET_PROFILE(profile_name => l_profile_name,          
                                 profile_owner => l_profile_owner);       
     END;

SET_ATTRIBUTE Procedure

This procedure enables you to set AI profile attributes.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_ATTRIBUTE(
      profile_name         IN   VARCHAR2,
      attribute_name       IN   VARCHAR2,
      attribute_value      IN   CLOB
);

Parameters

Only the owner can set or modify the attributes of the AI profile. For a list of supported attributes, see Profile Attributes.

Parameter Description

profile_name

Name of the AI profile for which you want to set the attributes.

This parameter is mandatory.

attribute_name

Name of the AI profile attribute

This parameter is mandatory.

attribute_value

Value of the profile attribute.

The default value is NULL.

Example

BEGIN
 DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_ATTRIBUTE(
   profile_name    => 'OPENAI',
   attribute_name  => 'credential_name',
   attribute_value => 'OPENAI_CRED_NEW'
 );
END;
/

SET_PROFILE Procedure

This procedure sets AI profile for current session.

After setting an AI profile for the database session, any SQL statement with the prefix SELECT AI is considered a natural language prompt. Depending on the action specified with the AI prefix, a response is generated using AI. To use the AI prefix, see Examples of Using Select AI. Optionally, it is possible to override the profile attributes or modify attributes by specifying them in JSON format. See SET_ATTRIBUTE Procedure for setting the attributes.

The AI profile can only be set for current session if the owner of the AI profile is the session user.

To set an AI profile for all sessions of a specific database user or all user sessions in the database, consider using a database event trigger for AFTER LOGON event on the specific user or the entire database. See CREATE TRIGGER Statement for more details.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE(
    profile_name      IN  VARCHAR2,
);

Parameters

Parameter Description

profile_name

A name for the AI profile in the current session.

This parameter is mandatory.

Example


   BEGIN
        DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE(
          profile_name    => 'OPENAI'
        );
   END;
   /

GENERATE Function

This function provides AI translation in a stateless manner. With your existing AI profile, you can use this function to perform the supported actions such as showsql, narrate, or chat. The default action is showsql.

Overriding some or all of the profile attributes is also possible using this function.

Syntax

DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(
    prompt          IN  CLOB,
    profile_name    IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
    action          IN  VARCHAR2 DEFAULT NULL,
    attributes      IN  CLOB     DEFAULT NULL
) RETURN CLOB;

Parameters

Parameter Description

prompt

Natural language prompt to translate using AI.

The prompt can include SELECT AI <action> as the prefix. The action can also be supplied separately as an "action" parameter. The action supplied in prompt overrides the "action" parameter. Default action is showsql.

This parameter is mandatory.

profile_name

Name of the AI profile. This parameter is optional if an AI profile is already set in the session using DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE.

The default value is NULL.

The following conditions apply:
  • If a profile is set in the current session, the user may omit profile_name argument in the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE function.
  • If the profile_name argument is supplied in the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE function, it overrides any value set in the session using the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE procedure.
  • If there is no profile set in the session using the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE procedure, the profile_name argument must be supplied in the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE function.

Note:

For Database Actions, you can either specify profile_name argument in DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE or you can run two steps as a PL/SQL script: DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_PROFILE and DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE.
EXEC DBMS_CLOUD_AI.set_profile('OPENAI');

-----------------------------------------------
SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'how many customers',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'showsql')
FROM dual;

------------------------------------------------
SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'how many customers',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'narrate')
FROM dual;
-------------------------------------------
SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'what is oracle autonomous database',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'chat')
FROM dual;
See Executing SQL Statements in the Code Editor for more information.
action

Action for translating natural prompt using AI. The supported actions include showsql (default), narrate, and chat. Descriptions of actions are included in Use AI Keyword to Enter Prompts.

Note:

This function does not support the runsql action. If you supply the runsql action, it returns the following error:
ORA-20000: runsql action is not supported by generate function ORA-06512: at "C##CLOUD$SERVICE.DBMS_CLOUD", line xxxx 
ORA-06512: at "C##CLOUD$SERVICE.DBMS_CLOUD_AI", line 2696 ORA-06512: at line x
attributes Override specific AI profile attributes by supplying attributes in JSON format. See Profile Attributes for more details.

Examples

The following examples illustrate showsql, narrate, and chat actions that can be used with the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE function.

An example with showsql action is as follows:

SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'how many customers',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'showsql')
FROM dual;

An example with narrate action is as follows:

SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'how many customers',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'narrate')
FROM dual;

An example with chat action is as follows:

SELECT DBMS_CLOUD_AI.GENERATE(prompt       => 'what is oracle autonomous database',
                              profile_name => 'OPENAI',
                              action       => 'chat')
FROM dual;

Profile Attributes

Attributes of an AI profile help to manage and configure the behavior of the AI profile. Some attributes are optional and have a default value.

Attributes

Attribute Name Description
azure_deployment_name

Name of the Azure OpenAI Service deployed model. The name can only include alphanumeric characters, underscore character (_) and a hyphen (-) character. The name cannot end with an underscore (_) or a hyphen (-). To know how to get the azure_deployment_name, see Create and deploy an Azure OpenAI Service resource.

azure_resource_name

Name of the Azure OpenAI Service resource. The resource name can only include alphanumeric characters and hyphens, and can't start or end with a hyphen. To know how to get the azure_resource_name, see Create and deploy an Azure OpenAI Service resource.

comments

Include column comments in the metadata used for translating natural language prompts using AI. BOOLEAN datatype is supported. The valid values are TRUE or FALSE for a string with VARCHAR2 datatype.

Note:

Boolean values are not applicable in the DBMS_CLOUD_AI.SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure when setting a single attribute because attribute_value parameter is of CLOB datatype.

conversation

A VARCHAR2 attribute that indicates if conversation history is enabled for a profile. Only OpenAI and Azure OpenAI Service support conversation history. Valid values are true or false. The default value is false. The values are not case sensitive.

credential_name

The name of the credential to access the AI provider APIs.

Credential using bearer tokens can be created by using the provider name as the user name and bearer token as the password.

Vault Secret credentials are also supported.

Principle authentication, for example, Azure service principle, is also supported. For more information on how to configure it, see Use Azure Service Principal to Access Azure Resources.

This is a mandatory attribute. See CREATE_CREDENTIAL Procedure.

max_tokens

Denotes the number of tokens to predict per generation. Default is 1024. See BPE Tokens for more details.

model

The name of the AI model being used to generate translation.

Supported models:

  • For OpenAI: gpt-4, gpt-4-0613, gpt-4-32k, gpt-4-32k-0613, gpt-3.5-turbo (default), gpt-3.5-turbo-0613, gpt-3.5-turbo-16k, gpt-3.5-turbo-16k-0613
  • For Cohere: command (default), command-nightly (experimental), command-light, and command-light-nightly (experimental). Smaller, "light" models are faster, while larger models will perform better. Custom models can also be supplied with their full ID.
  • For OCI Generative AI: cohere.command (default). Pretrained models for OCI Generative AI are all supported by Select AI. Custom models can also be supplied with their full OCIDs.

    To know more about supported models in OCI Generative AI, see Pretrained Foundational Models in Generative AI.

Note:

This parameter is not used for Azure as the model is determined when you create your deployment in the Azure OpenAI Service portal.

object_list

Array of JSON objects specifying the owner and object names that are eligible for natural language translation to SQL. To include all objects of a given user, omit the "name" and only specify the "owner" key in the JSON object.

For translation natural language to SQL, the object name, object owner, object columns and comments are sent to the AI provider using HTTPS requests. Avoid specifying objects with sensitive object name, column names or comments in the object list.

AI providers may have limit on the size of metadata allowed in translation requests. Consider limiting the list of objects suitable for the natural language prompts by your application users.

Format:
[
  {"owner": "SH", "name": "SALES",
  {"owner": "TEST_USER"}
]

External tables created using sync of OCI Data Catalog or AWS Glue can also be used the object list. This helps in managing metadata in central Data Catalogs and use the metadata directly for translating natural language prompts using AI.

oci_compartment_id

Specifies the OCID of the compartment you are permitted to access when calling the OCI Generative AI service. The compartment ID can contain alphanumeric characters, hyphens and dots.

The default is the compartment ID of the PDB.

oci_endpoint_id

This attributes indicates the endpoint OCID of the Oracle dedicated AI hosting cluster. The endpoint ID can contain alphanumeric characters, hyphens and dots. To find the endpoint OCID, see Getting an Endpoint's Details in Generative AI.

When you want to use the Oracle dedicated AI cluster, you must provide the endpoint OCID of the hosting cluster.

By default, the endpoint ID is empty and the model is on-demand on a shared infrastructure.

oci_runtimetype

This attribute indicates the runtime type of the provided model. This attribute is required when the model attribute is specified.

All allowed values can be found in OCI Generative AI runtimeType. See LlmInferenceRequest Reference.

The default value is COHERE as the default model for OCI Generative AI is cohere.command. This option is applicable for all actions of Select AI.

Select LLAMA if you are using the meta.llama-2-70b-chat model. Note that this model is suitable for the chat action of Select AI only.

provider

AI provider for the AI profile.

Supported providers:

  • openai
  • cohere
  • azure
  • oci

This is a mandatory attribute.

region

This attribute indicates the location of the Generative AI cluster that you want to use. The region can contain alphanumeric characters and hyphen characters.

Note:

The Oracle Generative AI cluster is only available in the Chicago region.
The default region is us-chicago-1.

stop_tokens

The generated text will be terminated at the beginning of the earliest stop sequence. Sequence will be incorporated into the text. The attribute value must be a valid array of string values in JSON format. stop_tokens takes a JSON array as input. To learn more about stop tokens or stop sequences, see OpenAI or Cohere documentation.

temperature

Sampling from generation models incorporates randomness, so that the same prompt may yield different outputs each time you hit "generate". Temperature is a non-negative float number used to tune the degree of randomness. Lower temperatures mean less random generations. See Temperature for more details. This parameter is applicable to all the supported service providers.

The following example is using Cohere as the provider and displays custom profile attributes:
BEGIN
  DBMS_CLOUD_AI.CREATE_PROFILE(
     profile_name => 'COHERE',
     attributes =>
      '{"provider": "cohere",
        "credential_name": "COHERE_CRED",
        "object_list": [{"owner": "ADMIN"}],
        "max_tokens":512,
        "stop_tokens": [";"],
        "model": "command-nightly",
        "temperature": 0.5,
        "comments": true
       }');
END;
/

The following example shows custom profile attributes using OCI Generative AI:

BEGIN                                                                        
  DBMS_CLOUD_AI.CREATE_PROFILE(                                              
      'GENAI',                                                             
      '{"provider": "oci",                                                                   
        "credential_name": "GENAI_CRED",                                     
        "object_list": [{"owner": "SH", "name": "customers"},                
                        {"owner": "SH", "name": "countries"},                
                        {"owner": "SH", "name": "supplementary_demographics"},
                        {"owner": "SH", "name": "profits"},                  
                        {"owner": "SH", "name": "promotions"},               
                        {"owner": "SH", "name": "products"}],
        "oci_compartment_id": "ocid1.compartment.oc1...",
	"oci_endpoint_id": "ocid1.generativeaiendpoint.oc1.us-chicago-1....",
	"region": "us-chicago-1",
	"model": "cohere.command-light",
	"oci_runtimetype": "COHERE"            
       }');                                                                  
END;                                                                         
/