A Locale Data

This appendix lists the languages, territories, character sets, and other locale data supported by Oracle Database. This appendix contains the following topics:

You can obtain information about character sets, languages, territories, and linguistic sorts by querying the V$NLS_VALID_VALUES dynamic performance view.

See Also:

Oracle Database Reference for more information about the V$NLS_VALID_VALUES view

A.1 Languages

Languages in Table A-1 provide support for locale-sensitive information such as:

  • Day and month names and their abbreviations

  • Symbols for equivalent expressions for A.M., P.M., A.D., and B.C.

  • Default sorting sequence for character data when the ORDER BY SQL clause is specified

  • Writing direction (left to right or right to left)

  • Affirmative and negative response strings (for example, YES and NO)

By using Unicode databases and data types, you can store, process, and retrieve data for almost all contemporary languages, including many that do not appear in Table A-1.

Table A-1 Oracle Database Supported Languages

Language Name Language Abbreviation Default Sort

ALBANIAN

sq

GENERIC_M

AMERICAN

us

binary

AMHARIC

am

GENERIC_M

ARABIC

ar

ARABIC

ARMENIAN

hy

GENERIC_M

ASSAMESE

as

binary

AZERBAIJANI

az

AZERBAIJANI

BANGLA

bn

binary

BASQUE

eu

GENERIC_M

BELARUSIAN

be

RUSSIAN

BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE

ptb

WEST_EUROPEAN

BULGARIAN

bg

BULGARIAN

CANADIAN FRENCH

frc

CANADIAN FRENCH

CATALAN

ca

CATALAN

CROATIAN

hr

CROATIAN

CYRILLIC KAZAKH

ckk

GENERIC_M

CYRILLIC SERBIAN

csr

GENERIC_M

CYRILLIC UZBEK

cuz

GENERIC_M

CZECH

cs

CZECH

DANISH

dk

DANISH

DARI

prs

GENERIC_M

DIVEHI

dv

GENERIC_M

DUTCH

nl

DUTCH

EGYPTIAN

eg

ARABIC

ENGLISH

gb

binary

ESTONIAN

et

ESTONIAN

FINNISH

sf

FINNISH

FRENCH

f

FRENCH

GERMAN DIN

din

GERMAN

GERMAN

d

GERMAN

GREEK

el

GREEK

GUJARATI

gu

binary

HEBREW

iw

HEBREW

HINDI

hi

binary

HUNGARIAN

hu

HUNGARIAN

ICELANDIC

is

ICELANDIC

INDONESIAN

in

INDONESIAN

IRISH

ga

binary

ITALIAN

i

WEST_EUROPEAN

JAPANESE

ja

binary

KANNADA

kn

binary

KHMER

km

GENERIC_M

KOREAN

ko

binary

LAO

lo

GENERIC_M

LATIN AMERICAN SPANISH

esa

SPANISH

LATIN BOSNIAN

lbs

GENERIC_M

LATIN SERBIAN

lsr

binary

LATIN UZBEK

luz

GENERIC_M

LATVIAN

lv

LATVIAN

LITHUANIAN

lt

LITHUANIAN

MACEDONIAN

mk

binary

MALAY

ms

MALAY

MALAYALAM

ml

binary

MALTESE

mt

GENERIC_M

MARATHI

mr

binary

MEXICAN SPANISH

esm

WEST_EUROPEAN

NEPALI

ne

GENERIC_M

NORWEGIAN

n

NORWEGIAN

ORIYA

or

binary

PERSIAN

fa

GENERIC_M

POLISH

pl

POLISH

PORTUGUESE

pt

WEST_EUROPEAN

PUNJABI

pa

binary

ROMANIAN

ro

ROMANIAN

RUSSIAN

ru

RUSSIAN

SIMPLIFIED CHINESE

zhs

binary

SINHALA

si

GENERIC_M

SLOVAK

sk

SLOVAK

SLOVENIAN

sl

SLOVENIAN

SPANISH

e

SPANISH

SWAHILI

sw

GENERIC_M

SWEDISH

s

SWEDISH

TAMIL

ta

binary

TELUGU

te

binary

THAI

th

THAI_DICTIONARY

TRADITIONAL CHINESE

zht

binary

TURKISH

tr

TURKISH

TURKMEN

tk

GENERIC_M

UKRAINIAN

uk

UKRAINIAN

URDU

ur

GENERIC_M

VIETNAMESE

vn

VIETNAMESE

A.2 Translated Messages

Oracle Database error messages have been translated into the languages which are listed in Table A-2.

Table A-2 Oracle Database Supported Messages

Name Abbreviation

ARABIC

ar

BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE

ptb

CATALAN

ca

CZECH

cs

DANISH

dk

DUTCH

nl

FINNISH

sf

FRENCH

f

GERMAN

d

GREEK

el

HEBREW

iw

HUNGARIAN

hu

ITALIAN

i

JAPANESE

ja

KOREAN

ko

NORWEGIAN

n

POLISH

pl

PORTUGUESE

pt

ROMANIAN

ro

RUSSIAN

ru

SIMPLIFIED CHINESE

zhs

SLOVAK

sk

SPANISH

e

SWEDISH

s

THAI

th

TRADITIONAL CHINESE

zht

TURKISH

tr

A.3 Territories

Table A-3 lists the territories that Oracle Database supports.

Table A-3 Oracle Database Supported Territories

Territory Territory Territory

AFGHANISTAN
ALBANIA
ALGERIA
AMERICA
ANGOLA
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
ARGENTINA
ARMENIA
ARUBA
AUSTRALIA
AUSTRIA
AZERBAIJAN
BAHAMAS
BAHRAIN
BANGLADESH
BARBADOS
BELARUS
BELGIUM
BELIZE
BERMUDA
BOLIVIA
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
BOTSWANA
BRAZIL
BULGARIA
CAMBODIA
CAMEROON
CANADA
CATALONIA
CAYMAN ISLANDS
CHILE
CHINA
COLOMBIA
CONGO BRAZZAVILLE
CONGO KINSHASA
COSTA RICA
CROATIA
CURACAO
CYPRUS
CZECH REPUBLIC
DENMARK
DJIBOUTI
DOMINICA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
ECUADOR
EGYPT
EL SALVADOR
ESTONIA
ETHIOPIA
FINLAND
FRANCE
FYR MACEDONIA

GABON
GERMANY
GHANA
GREECE
GRENADA
GUATEMALA
GUYANA
HAITI
HONDURAS
HONG KONG
HUNGARY
ICELAND
INDIA
INDONESIA
IRAN
IRAQ
IRELAND
ISRAEL
ITALY
IVORY COAST
JAMAICA
JAPAN
JORDAN
KAZAKHSTAN
KENYA
KOREA
KUWAIT
LAOS
LATVIA
LEBANON
LIBYA
LIECHTENSTEIN
LITHUANIA
LUXEMBOURG
MACAO
MALAWI
MALAYSIA
MALDIVES
MALTA
MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS
MEXICO
MOLDOVA
MONTENEGRO
MOROCCO
MOZAMBIQUE
NAMIBIA
NEPAL
NEW ZEALAND
NICARAGUA
NIGERIA
NORWAY

OMAN
PAKISTAN
PANAMA
PARAGUAY
PERU
PHILIPPINES
POLAND
PORTUGAL
PUERTO RICO
QATAR
ROMANIA
RUSSIA
SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS
SAINT LUCIA
SAUDI ARABIA
SENEGAL
SERBIA
SIERRA LEONE
SINGAPORE
SLOVAKIA
SLOVENIA
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA
SOUTH SUDAN
SPAIN
SRI LANKA
SUDAN
SURINAME
SWAZILAND
SWEDEN
SWITZERLAND
SYRIA
TAIWAN
TANZANIA
THAILAND
THE NETHERLANDS
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
TUNISIA
TURKEY
TURKMENISTAN
UGANDA
UKRAINE
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
UNITED KINGDOM
URUGUAY
UZBEKISTAN
VENEZUELA
VIETNAM
YEMEN
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE

A.4 Character Sets

The character sets that Oracle Database supports are listed in the following sections according to three broad categories.

In addition, common character set subset/superset combinations are listed. Some character sets can only be used with certain data types. For example, the AL16UTF16 character set can only be used as an NCHAR character set, and not as a database character set.

Also documented in the comment section are other unique features of the character set that may be important to users or your database administrator. For example, the information includes whether the character set supports the euro currency symbol, whether user-defined characters are supported, and whether the character set is a strict superset of ASCII. (You can use the Database Migration Assistant for Unicode to migrate an existing database to a new character set, only if all of the schema data is a strict subset of the new character set.)

The key for the comment column of the character set tables is:

  • SB: single-byte encoding
  • MB: multibyte encoding
  • FIXED: fixed-width multibyte encoding
  • ASCII: strict superset of ASCII
  • EURO: euro symbol supported
  • UDC: user-defined characters supported

Oracle Database does not document individual code page layouts. For specific details about a particular character set, its character repertoire, and code point values, you can use Oracle Locale Builder. Otherwise, you should refer to the actual national, international, or vendor-specific standards.

A.4.1 Recommended Database Character Sets

Table A-4 lists the recommended and most commonly used ASCII-based Oracle Database character sets. The list is ordered alphabetically within their respective language group.

Table A-4 Recommended ASCII Database Character Sets

Language Group Character Set Description Comments

Asian

JA16EUC

EUC 24-bit Japanese

MB, ASCII

Asian

JA16EUCTILDE

The same as JA16EUC except for the way that the wave dash and the tilde are mapped to and from Unicode.

MB, ASCII

Asian

JA16SJIS

Shift-JIS 16-bit Japanese

MB, ASCII, UDC

Asian

JA16SJISTILDE

The same as JA16SJIS except for the way that the wave dash and the tilde are mapped to and from Unicode.

MB, ASCII, UDC

Asian

KO16MSWIN949

MS Windows Code Page 949 Korean

MB, ASCII, UDC

Asian

TH8TISASCII

Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533 - ASCII 8-bit

SB, ASCII, EURO

Asian

VN8MSWIN1258

MS Windows Code Page 1258 8-bit Vietnamese

SB, ASCII, EURO

Asian

ZHS16GBK

GBK 16-bit Simplified Chinese

MB, ASCII, UDC

Asian

ZHT16HKSCS

MS Windows Code Page 950 with Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set HKSCS-2001 (character set conversion to and from Unicode is based on Unicode 3.0)

MB, ASCII, EURO

Asian

ZHT16MSWIN950

MS Windows Code Page 950 Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII, UDC

Asian

ZHT32EUC

EUC 32-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

European

BLT8ISO8859P13

ISO 8859-13 Baltic

SB, ASCII

European

BLT8MSWIN1257

MS Windows Code Page 1257 8-bit Baltic

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

CL8ISO8859P5

ISO 8859-5 Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

CL8MSWIN1251

MS Windows Code Page 1251 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

EE8ISO8859P2

ISO 8859-2 East European

SB, ASCII

European

EL8ISO8859P7

ISO 8859-7 Latin/Greek

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

EL8MSWIN1253

MS Windows Code Page 1253 8-bit Latin/Greek

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

EE8MSWIN1250

MS Windows Code Page 1250 8-bit East European

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

NE8ISO8859P10

ISO 8859-10 North European

SB, ASCII

European

NEE8ISO8859P4

ISO 8859-4 North and North-East European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8ISO8859P15

ISO 8859-15 West European

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

WE8MSWIN1252

MS Windows Code Page 1252 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII, EURO

Middle Eastern

AR8ISO8859P6

ISO 8859-6 Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8MSWIN1256

MS Windows Code Page 1256 8-Bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII, EURO

Middle Eastern

IW8ISO8859P8

ISO 8859-8 Latin/Hebrew

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

IW8MSWIN1255

MS Windows Code Page 1255 8-bit Latin/Hebrew

SB, ASCII, EURO

Middle Eastern

TR8MSWIN1254

MS Windows Code Page 1254 8-bit Turkish

SB, ASCII, EURO

Middle Eastern

WE8ISO8859P9

ISO 8859-9 West European & Turkish

SB, ASCII

Universal

AL32UTF8

Unicode 9.0 Universal Character Set (UCS), UTF-8 encoding scheme

MB, ASCII, EURO

Table A-5 lists the recommended and most commonly used EBCDIC-based Oracle Database character sets. The list is ordered alphabetically within their respective language group.

Table A-5 Recommended EBCDIC Database Character Sets

Language Group Character Set Description Comments

Asian

JA16DBCS

IBM EBCDIC 16-bit Japanese

MB, UDC

Asian

JA16EBCDIC930

IBM DBCS Code Page 290 16-bit Japanese

MB, UDC

Asian

KO16DBCS

IBM EBCDIC 16-bit Korean

MB, UDC

Asian

TH8TISEBCDICS

Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533-EBCDIC Server 8-bit

SB

European

BLT8EBCDIC1112S

EBCDIC Code Page 1112 8-bit Server Baltic Multilingual

SB

European

CE8BS2000

Siemens EBCDIC.DF.04 8-bit Central European

SB

European

CL8BS2000

Siemens EBCDIC.EHC.LC 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1025R

EBCDIC Code Page 1025 Server 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1158R

EBCDIC Code Page 1158 Server 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

D8EBCDIC1141

EBCDIC Code Page 1141 8-bit Austrian German

SB, EURO

European

DK8EBCDIC1142

EBCDIC Code Page 1142 8-bit Danish

SB, EURO

European

EE8BS2000

Siemens EBCDIC.DF.04 8-bit East European

SB

European

EE8EBCDIC870S

EBCDIC Code Page 870 Server 8-bit East European

SB

European

EL8EBCDIC423R

IBM EBCDIC Code Page 423 for RDBMS server-side

SB

European

EL8EBCDIC875R

EBCDIC Code Page 875 Server 8-bit Greek

SB

European

F8EBCDIC1147

EBCDIC Code Page 1147 8-bit French

SB, EURO

European

I8EBCDIC1144

EBCDIC Code Page 1144 8-bit Italian

SB, EURO

European

SE8EBCDIC1143

EBCDIC Code Page 1143 8-bit Swedish

SB, EURO

European

WE8BS2000

Siemens EBCDIC.DF.04 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8BS2000E

Siemens EBCDIC.DF.04 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8BS2000L5

Siemens EBCDIC.DF.L5 8-bit West European/Turkish

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC1047E

Latin 1/Open Systems 1047

SB, EBCDIC, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC1140

EBCDIC Code Page 1140 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC1145

EBCDIC Code Page 1145 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC1146

EBCDIC Code Page 1146 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC1148

EBCDIC Code Page 1148 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

Middle Eastern

AR8EBCDIC420S

EBCDIC Code Page 420 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB

Middle Eastern

IW8EBCDIC424S

EBCDIC Code Page 424 Server 8-bit Latin/Hebrew

SB

Middle Eastern

TR8EBCDIC1026S

EBCDIC Code Page 1026 Server 8-bit Turkish

SB

A.4.2 Other Character Sets

Table A-6 lists the other ASCII-based Oracle Database character sets. The list is ordered alphabetically within their language groups.

Table A-6 Other ASCII-based Database Character Sets

Language Group Character Set Description Comments

Asian

BN8BSCII

Bangladesh National Code 8-bit BSCII

SB, ASCII

Asian

IN8ISCII

Multiple-Script Indian Standard 8-bit Latin/Indian Languages

SB, ASCII

Asian

JA16VMS

JVMS 16-bit Japanese

MB, ASCII

Asian

KO16KSC5601

KSC5601 16-bit Korean

MB, ASCII

Asian

KO16KSCCS

KSCCS 16-bit (Johab) Korean

MB, ASCII

Asian

TH8MACTHAIS

Mac Server 8-bit Latin/Thai

SB, ASCII

Asian

VN8VN3

VN3 8-bit Vietnamese

SB, ASCII

Asian

ZHS16CGB231280

CGB2312-80 16-bit Simplified Chinese

MB, ASCII

Asian

ZHT16BIG5

BIG5 16-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

Asian

ZHT16CCDC

HP CCDC 16-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

Asian

ZHT16DBT

Taiwan Taxation 16-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

Asian

ZHT16HKSCS31

MS Windows Code Page 950 with Hong Kong Supplementary Character Set HKSCS-2001 (character set conversion to and from Unicode is based on Unicode 3.1)

MB, ASCII, EURO

Asian

ZHT32SOPS

SOPS 32-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

Asian

ZHT32TRIS

TRIS 32-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8ADOS710

Arabic MS-DOS 710 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8ADOS720

Arabic MS-DOS 720 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8APTEC715

APTEC 715 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8ARABICMACS

Mac Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8ASMO8X

ASMO Extended 708 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8MUSSAD768

Mussa'd Alarabi/2 768 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8NAFITHA711

Nafitha Enhanced 711 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8NAFITHA721

Nafitha International 721 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8SAKHR706

SAKHR 706 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AR8SAKHR707

SAKHR 707 Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

AZ8ISO8859P9E

ISO 8859-9 Latin Azerbaijani

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

IN8ISCII

Multiple-Script Indian Standard 8-bit Latin/Indian Languages

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

IW8MACHEBREWS

Mac Server 8-bit Hebrew

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

IW8PC1507

IBM-PC Code Page 1507/862 8-bit Latin/Hebrew

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

LA8ISO6937

ISO 6937 8-bit Coded Character Set for Text Communication

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

TR8DEC

DEC 8-bit Turkish

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

TR8MACTURKISHS

Mac Server 8-bit Turkish

SB, ASCII

Middle Eastern

TR8PC857

IBM-PC Code Page 857 8-bit Turkish

SB, ASCII

European

BG8MSWIN

MS Windows 8-bit Bulgarian Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

BG8PC437S

IBM-PC Code Page 437 8-bit (Bulgarian Modification)

SB, ASCII

European

BLT8CP921

Latvian Standard LVS8-92(1) Windows/Unix 8-bit Baltic

SB, ASCII

European

BLT8PC775

IBM-PC Code Page 775 8-bit Baltic

SB, ASCII

European

CDN8PC863

IBM-PC Code Page 863 8-bit Canadian French

SB, ASCII

European

CEL8ISO8859P14

ISO 8859-14 Celtic

SB, ASCII

European

CL8ISOIR111

ISOIR111 Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

CL8KOI8R

RELCOM Internet Standard 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

CL8KOI8U

KOI8 Ukrainian Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

CL8MACCYRILLICS

Mac Server 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

EE8MACCES

Mac Server 8-bit Central European

SB, ASCII

European

EE8MACCROATIANS

Mac Server 8-bit Croatian

SB, ASCII

European

EE8PC852

IBM-PC Code Page 852 8-bit East European

SB, ASCII

European

EL8DEC

DEC 8-bit Latin/Greek

SB, ASCII

European

EL8MACGREEKS

Mac Server 8-bit Greek

SB, ASCII

European

EL8PC437S

IBM-PC Code Page 437 8-bit (Greek modification)

SB, ASCII

European

EL8PC851

IBM-PC Code Page 851 8-bit Greek/Latin

SB, ASCII

European

EL8PC869

IBM-PC Code Page 869 8-bit Greek/Latin

SB, ASCII

European

ET8MSWIN923

MS Windows Code Page 923 8-bit Estonian

SB, ASCII

European

HU8ABMOD

Hungarian 8-bit Special AB Mod

SB, ASCII

European

HU8CWI2

Hungarian 8-bit CWI-2

SB, ASCII

European

IS8PC861

IBM-PC Code Page 861 8-bit Icelandic

SB, ASCII

European

LA8ISO6937

ISO 6937 8-bit Coded Character Set for Text Communication

SB, ASCII

European

LA8PASSPORT

German Government Printer 8-bit All-European Latin

SB, ASCII

European

LT8MSWIN921

MS Windows Code Page 921 8-bit Lithuanian

SB, ASCII

European

LT8PC772

IBM-PC Code Page 772 8-bit Lithuanian (Latin/Cyrillic)

SB, ASCII

European

LT8PC774

IBM-PC Code Page 774 8-bit Lithuanian (Latin)

SB, ASCII

European

LV8PC8LR

Latvian Version IBM-PC Code Page 866 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

LV8PC1117

IBM-PC Code Page 1117 8-bit Latvian

SB, ASCII

European

LV8RST104090

IBM-PC Alternative Code Page 8-bit Latvian (Latin/Cyrillic)

SB, ASCII

European

N8PC865

IBM-PC Code Page 865 8-bit Norwegian

SB, ASCII

European

RU8BESTA

BESTA 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

RU8PC855

IBM-PC Code Page 855 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

RU8PC866

IBM-PC Code Page 866 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB, ASCII

European

SE8ISO8859P3

ISO 8859-3 South European

SB, ASCII

European

US7ASCII

ASCII 7-bit American

SB, ASCII

European

US8PC437

IBM-PC Code Page 437 8-bit American

SB, ASCII

European

WE8DEC

DEC 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8DG

DG 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8ISO8859P1

ISO 8859-1 West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8MACROMAN8S

Mac Server 8-bit Extended Roman8 West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8NCR4970

NCR 4970 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8NEXTSTEP

NeXTSTEP PostScript 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8PC850

IBM-PC Code Page 850 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8PC858

IBM-PC Code Page 858 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII, EURO

European

WE8PC860

IBM-PC Code Page 860 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

European

WE8ROMAN8

HP Roman8 8-bit West European

SB, ASCII

Universal

UTF8

Unicode 3.0 Universal character set, CESU-8 encoding scheme

MB, ASCII, EURO

Table A-7 lists the other EBCDIC-based Oracle Database character sets. The list is ordered alphabetically within their language groups.

Table A-7 Other EBCDIC-based Database Character Sets

Language Group Character Set Description Comments

Asian

TH8TISEBCDIC

Thai Industrial Standard 620-2533 - EBCDIC 8-bit

SB

Asian

ZHS16DBCS

IBM EBCDIC 16-bit Simplified Chinese

MB, UDC

Asian

ZHT16DBCS

IBM EBCDIC 16-bit Traditional Chinese

MB, UDC

Middle Eastern

AR8EBCDICX

EBCDIC XBASIC Server 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB

Middle Eastern

IW8EBCDIC424

EBCDIC Code Page 424 8-bit Latin/Hebrew

SB

Middle Eastern

IW8EBCDIC1086

EBCDIC Code Page 1086 8-bit Hebrew

SB

Middle Eastern

TR8EBCDIC1026

EBCDIC Code Page 1026 8-bit Turkish

SB

Middle Eastern

WE8EBCDIC37C

EBCDIC Code Page 37 8-bit Oracle/c

SB

European

BLT8EBCDIC1112

EBCDIC Code Page 1112 8-bit Server Baltic Multilingual

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1025

EBCDIC Code Page 1025 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1025C

EBCDIC Code Page 1025 Client 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1025S

EBCDIC Code Page 1025 Server 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1025X

EBCDIC Code Page 1025 (Modified) 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

CL8EBCDIC1158

EBCDIC Code Page 1158 8-bit Cyrillic

SB

European

D8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit German

SB

European

D8EBCDIC273

EBCDIC Code Page 273/1 8-bit Austrian German

SB

European

DK8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit Danish

SB

European

DK8EBCDIC277

EBCDIC Code Page 277/1 8-bit Danish

SB

European

E8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit Spanish

SB

European

EE8EBCDIC870

EBCDIC Code Page 870 8-bit East European

SB

European

EE8EBCDIC870C

EBCDIC Code Page 870 Client 8-bit East European

SB

European

EL8EBCDIC875

EBCDIC Code Page 875 8-bit Greek

SB

European

EL8GCOS7

Bull EBCDIC GCOS7 8-bit Greek

SB

European

F8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit French

SB

European

F8EBCDIC297

EBCDIC Code Page 297 8-bit French

SB

European

I8EBCDIC280

EBCDIC Code Page 280/1 8-bit Italian

SB

European

S8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit Swedish

SB

European

S8EBCDIC278

EBCDIC Code Page 278/1 8-bit Swedish

SB

European

US8ICL

ICL EBCDIC 8-bit American

SB

European

US8BS2000

Siemens 9750-62 EBCDIC 8-bit American

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC924

Latin 9 EBCDIC 924

SB, EBCDIC

European

WE8EBCDIC37

EBCDIC Code Page 37 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC284

EBCDIC Code Page 284 8-bit Latin American/Spanish

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC285

EBCDIC Code Page 285 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC1047

EBCDIC Code Page 1047 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC1140C

EBCDIC Code Page 1140 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC1148C

EBCDIC Code Page 1148 Client 8-bit West European

SB, EURO

European

WE8EBCDIC500C

EBCDIC Code Page 500 8-bit Oracle/c

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC500

EBCDIC Code Page 500 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8EBCDIC871

EBCDIC Code Page 871 8-bit Icelandic

SB

European

WE8ICL

ICL EBCDIC 8-bit West European

SB

European

WE8GCOS7

Bull EBCDIC GCOS7 8-bit West European

SB

Universal

UTFE

Unicode 3.0 Universal character set, UTF-EBCDIC encoding scheme

MB, EURO

A.4.3 Character Sets that Support the Euro Symbol

Table A-8 lists the character sets that support the Euro symbol.

Table A-8 Character Sets that Support the Euro Symbol

Character Set Name Hexadecimal Code Value of the Euro Symbol

AL16UTF16

20AC

AL32UTF8

E282AC

AR8MSWIN1256

80

BLT8MSWIN1257

80

CL8EBCDIC1158

E1

CL8EBCDIC1158R

9F

CL8MSWIN1251

88

D8EBCDIC1141

9F

DK8EBCDIC1142

5A

EE8MSWIN1250

80

EL8EBCDIC423R

FD

EL8EBCDIC875R

DF

EL8ISO8859P7

A4

EL8MSWIN1253

80

F8EBCDIC1147

9F

I8EBCDIC1144

9F

IW8MSWIN1255

80

KO16KSC5601

A2E6

KO16KSCCS

D9E6

KO16MSWIN949

A2E6

SE8EBCDIC1143

5A

TH8TISASCII

80

TR8MSWIN1254

80

UTF8

E282AC

UTFE

CA4653

VN8MSWIN1258

80

WE8BS2000E

9F

WE8EBCDIC1047E

9F

WE8EBCDIC1140

9F

WE8EBCDIC1140C

9F

WE8EBCDIC1145

9F

WE8EBCDIC1146

9F

WE8EBCDIC1148

9F

WE8EBCDIC1148C

9F

WE8EBCDIC924

9F

WE8ISO8859P15

A4

WE8MACROMAN8

DB

WE8MACROMAN8S

DB

WE8MSWIN1252

80

WE8PC858

DF

ZHS32GB18030

A2E3

ZHT16HKSCS

A3E1

ZHT16HKSCS31

A3E1

ZHT16MSWIN950

A3E1

A.4.4 Client-Only Character Sets

Table A-9 lists the Oracle Database character sets that are supported as client-only character sets. The list is ordered alphabetically within their respective language groups.

Table A-9 Client-Only Character Sets

Language Group Character Set Description Comments

Asian

JA16EUCYEN

EUC 24-bit Japanese with '\' mapped to the Japanese yen character

MB

Asian

JA16MACSJIS

Mac client Shift-JIS 16-bit Japanese

MB

Asian

JA16SJISYEN

Shift-JIS 16-bit Japanese with '\' mapped to the Japanese yen character

MB, UDC

Asian

TH8MACTHAI

Mac Client 8-bit Latin/Thai

SB

Asian

ZHS16MACCGB231280

Mac client CGB2312-80 16-bit Simplified Chinese

MB

Asian

ZHS32GB18030

GB18030 32-bit Simplified Chinese

MB

European

CH7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Swiss (German/French)

SB

European

CL8MACCYRILLIC

Mac Client 8-bit Latin/Cyrillic

SB

European

D7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit German

SB

European

D7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit German

SB

European

DK7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit Danish

SB

European

EEC8EUROASCI

EEC Targon 35 ASCI West European/Greek

SB

European

EEC8EUROPA3

EEC EUROPA3 8-bit West European/Greek

SB

European

EE8MACCROATIAN

Mac Client 8-bit Croatian

SB

European

EE8MACCE

Mac Client 8-bit Central European

SB

European

EL8PC737

IBM-PC Code Page 737 8-bit Greek/Latin

SB

European

EL8MACGREEK

Mac Client 8-bit Greek

SB

European

E7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Spanish

SB

European

E7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit Spanish

SB

European

F7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit French

SB

European

F7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit French

SB

European

I7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Italian

SB

European

I7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit Italian

SB

European

IS8MACICELANDICS

Mac Server 8-bit Icelandic

SB

European

IS8MACICELANDIC

Mac Client 8-bit Icelandic

SB

European

NL7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Dutch

SB

European

NDK7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Norwegian/Danish

SB

European

N7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit Norwegian

SB

European

SF7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Finnish

SB

European

S7SIEMENS9780X

Siemens 97801/97808 7-bit Swedish

SB

European

S7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Swedish

SB

European

SF7ASCII

ASCII 7-bit Finnish

SB

European

WE8ISOICLUK

ICL special version ISO8859-1

SB

European

WE8MACROMAN8

Mac Client 8-bit Extended Roman8 West European

SB

European

WE8HP

HP LaserJet 8-bit West European

SB

European

YUG7ASCII

ASCII 7-bit Yugoslavian

SB

Middle Eastern

AR8ARABICMAC

Mac Client 8-bit Latin/Arabic

SB

Middle Eastern

IW7IS960

Israeli Standard 960 7-bit Latin/Hebrew

SB

Middle Eastern

IW8MACHEBREW

Mac Client 8-bit Hebrew

SB

Middle Eastern

TR7DEC

DEC VT100 7-bit Turkish

SB

Middle Eastern

TR8MACTURKISH

Mac Client 8-bit Turkish

SB

A.4.5 Universal Character Sets

Table A-10 lists the Oracle Database character sets that provide universal language support. They attempt to support all languages of the world, including, but not limited to, Asian, European, and Middle Eastern languages.

Table A-10 Universal Character Sets

Name Description Comments

AL16UTF16

Unicode 9.0 Universal character set, UTF-16BE encoding scheme

MB, EURO, FIXED

AL32UTF8

Unicode 9.0 Universal character set, UTF-8 encoding scheme

MB, ASCII, EURO

UTF8

Unicode 3.0 Universal character set, CESU-8 encoding scheme

MB, ASCII, EURO

UTFE

Unicode 3.0 Universal character set, UTF-EBCDIC encoding scheme

MB, EURO

Note:

CESU-8 defines an encoding scheme for Unicode that is identical to UTF-8 except for its representation of supplementary characters. In CESU-8, supplementary characters are represented as six-byte sequences that result from the transformation of each UTF-16 surrogate code unit into an eight-bit form that is similar to the UTF-8 transformation, but without first converting the input surrogate pairs to a scalar value.

See Also:

A.4.6 Character Set Conversion Support

The following character set encodings are supported for conversion only. They cannot be used as database character set or national character set.

Table A-11 Character Set Encodings Supported for Conversion Only

Character Set Encoding Description

UTF-16

(little-endian)

This is a 16-bit little-endian encoding form of Unicode. The corresponding Oracle Database character set is AL16UTF16LE.

ISO2022-CN

This encoding covers a variety of Chinese character encodings. They supports both simplified and traditional characters using both GB and CNS/BIG5. Being distinguished by escape sequences and shift characters, these character sets include ASCII, GB 2312-80, CNS 11643-1992 Planes 1 and 2. The corresponding Oracle Database character sets are ZHS16CGB231280, ZHS16GBK and ZHT32TRIS.

ISO2022-JP

This encoding is a mixture of ASCII, JIS-Romann, JIS C 6226-1978 and JIS X 0208:1997. It is a subset of Oracle Database character set JA16EUC and can be converted to JA16EUC character set after some calculation.

ISO2022-KR

This encoding covers ASCII and KSC 5601 character sets. The corresponding Oracle Database character sets are KO16MSWIN949 and KO16KSC5601.

HZ-GB-2312

This encoding covers GB 2312-80, ASCII and GB-Roman. The corresponding Oracle Database character set is ZHS16CGB231280.

You can use the Oracle Database character sets related to these encodings as the values for the CONVERT function parameters source_char_set and dest_char_set.

See Also:

A.4.7 Binary Subset-Superset Pairs

Oracle Database does not maintain a list of all subset-superset pairs of its character sets but it does maintain a list of binary subset-superset pairs that it recognizes when checking compatibility of two character sets.

Table A-12 lists all binary subset-superset relationships recognized by Oracle Database.

Table A-12 Binary Subset-Superset Pairs

Subset Superset

AR8ARABICMACT

AR8ARABICMAC

AR8ISO8859P6

AR8ASMO8X

BLT8CP921

BLT8ISO8859P13

BLT8CP921

LT8MSWIN921

D7DEC

D7SIEMENS9780X

D7SIEMENS9780X

D7DEC

DK7SIEMENS9780X

N7SIEMENS9780X

I7DEC

I7SIEMENS9780X

I7SIEMENS9780X

IW8EBCDIC424

IW8EBCDIC424

IW8EBCDIC1086

KO16KSC5601

KO16MSWIN949

LT8MSWIN921

BLT8ISO8859P13

LT8MSWIN921

BLT8CP921

N7SIEMENS9780X

DK7SIEMENS9780X

US7ASCII

See "Binary Supersets of US7ASCII"

UTF8

AL32UTF8

WE8DEC

TR8DEC

WE8DEC

WE8NCR4970

WE8ISO8859P1

WE8MSWIN1252

WE8ISO8859P9

TR8MSWIN1254

WE8NCR4970

TR8DEC

WE8NCR4970

WE8DEC

WE8PC850

WE8PC858

US7ASCII is a special case because so many other character sets are supersets of it.

Binary Supersets of US7ASCII

The following is a list of all the character sets that are binary supersets of US7ASCII that are recognized by Oracle Database. These character sets are listed in the alphabetical order.

Table A-13 Character Sets That Are Binary Supersets of US7ASCII

Character Set Character Set Character Set Character Set

AL32UTF8
AR8ADOS710
AR8ADOS720
AR8APTEC715
AR8ARABICMACS
AR8ASMO8X
AR8ISO8859P6
AR8MSWIN1256
AR8MUSSAD768
AR8NAFITHA711
AR8NAFITHA721
AR8SAKHR706
AR8SAKHR707
AZ8ISO8859PE
BG8MSWIN
BG8PC437S
BLT8CP921
BLT8ISO8859P13
BLT8MSWIN1257
BLT8PC775
BN8BSCII
CDN8PC863
CEL8ISO8859P14
CL8ISO8859P5
CL8ISOIR111
CL8KOI8R
CL8KOI8U

CL8MACCYRILLICS
CL8MSWIN1251
EE8ISO8859P2
EE8MACCES
EE8MACCROATIANS
EE8MSWIN1250
EE8PC852
EL8DEC
EL8ISO8859P7
EL8MACGREEKS
EL8MSWIN1253
EL8PC437S
EL8PC851
EL8PC869
ET8MSWIN923
HU8ABMOD
HU8CWI2
IN8ISCII
IS8PC861
IW8ISO8859P8
IW8MACHEBREWS
IW8MSWIN1255
IW8PC1507
JA16EUC
JA16EUCTILDE
JA16SJIS
JA16SJISTILDE

JA16VMS
KO16KSC5601
KO16KSCCS
KO16MSWIN949
LA8ISO6937
LA8PASSPORT
LT8MSWIN921
LT8PC772
LT8PC774
LV8PC1117
LV8PC8LR
LV8RST104090
N8PC865
NE8ISO8859P10
NEE8ISO8859P4
RU8BESTA
RU8PC855
RU8PC866
SE8ISO8859P3
TH8MACTHAIS
TH8TISASCII
TR8DEC
TR8MACTURKISHS
TR8MSWIN1254
TR8PC857
US8PC437
UTF8

VN8MSWIN1258
VN8VN3
WE8DEC
WE8DG
WE8ISO8859P1
WE8ISO8859P15
WE8ISO8859P9
WE8MACROMAN8S
WE8MSWIN1252
WE8NCR4970
WE8NEXTSTEP
WE8PC850
WE8PC858
WE8PC860
WE8ROMAN8
ZHS16CGB231280
ZHS16GBK
ZHS32GB18030
ZHT16BIG5
ZHT16CCDC
ZHT16DBT
ZHT16HKSCS
ZHT16MSWIN950
ZHT32EUC
ZHT32SOPS
ZHT32TRIS

See Also:

"Subsets and Supersets" for discussion of what subsets and supersets of a character set are

A.5 Language and Character Set Detection Support

Table A-14 displays the languages and character sets that are supported by the Language and Character Set Detection utility (LCSSCAN) and the Globalization Development Kit (GDK).

Each language has several character sets that can be detected.

When the binary values for a language match two or more encodings that have a subset/superset relationship, the subset character set is returned. For example, if the language is German and all characters are 7-bit, then US7ASCII is returned instead of WE8MSWIN1252, WE8ISO8859P15, or WE8ISO8859P1.

When the character set is determined to be UTF-8, the Oracle Database character set UTF8 is returned by default unless 4-byte characters (supplementary characters) are detected within the text. If 4-byte characters are detected, then the character set is reported as AL32UTF8.

Table A-14 Languages and Character Sets Supported by LCSSCAN and GDK

Language Character Sets

Arabic

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, UTF8

Bulgarian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, CL8ISO8859P5, CL8MSWIN1251, UTF8

Catalan

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Croatian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Czech

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Danish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Dutch

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

English

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Estonian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, NEE8IOS8859P4, UTF8

Finnish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

French

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

German

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Greek

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EL8ISO8859P7, EL8MSWIN1253, UTF8

Hebrew

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, IW8ISO8859P8, IW8MSWIN1255, UTF8

Hindi

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, IN8ISCII, UTF8

Hungarian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Indonesian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Italian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Japanese

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, ISO2022-JP, JA16EUC, JA16SJIS, UTF8

Korean

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, ISO2022-KR, KO16KSC5601, KO16MSWIN949, UTF8

Latvian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, NEE8ISO8859P4, UTF8

Lithuanian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, NEE8ISO8859P4, UTF8

Malay

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Norwegian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Persian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, AR8MSWIN1256, UTF8

Polish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Portuguese

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Romanian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Russian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, CL8ISO8859P5, CL8KOI8R, CL8MSWIN1251, RU8PC866, UTF8

Serbian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, CL8ISO8859P5, CL8MSWIN1251, UTF8

Simplified Chinese

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, HZ-GB-2312, UTF8, ZHS16GBK, ZHS16CGB231280

Slovak

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Slovenian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, EE8ISO8859P2, EE8MSWIN1250, UTF8

Spanish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Swedish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, US7ASCII, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P1, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252

Thai

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, TH8TISASCII, UTF8

Traditional Chinese

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, UTF8, ZHT16MSWIN950

Turkish

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, TR8MSWIN1254, UTF8, WE8ISO8859P9

Ukranian

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, CL8ISO8859P5, CL8MSWIN1251, UTF8

Vietnamese

AL16UTF16, AL32UTF8, VN8VN3, UTF8

A.6 Linguistic Collations

Oracle Database provides three kinds of linguistic collations, monolingual, multilingual, and UCA.

A monolingual collation is usually created to sort character data in a single language and is named after the corresponding language. Some languages have multiple collations implementing multiple sorting standards for each language. Some monolingual collations have an extended version that handles special linguistic cases. The name of the extended version is prefixed with the letter X. These special cases typically mean that one character is sorted like a sequence of two characters or a sequence of two characters is sorted as one character. For example, ch and ll are treated as a single character in XSPANISH. Extended monolingual collations may also define special language-specific uppercase and lowercase rules that override standard rules of a character set.

All the linguistic collations can additionally be specified as case-insensitive or accent-insensitive by appending _CI or _AI to the linguistic collation name respectively.

Table A-15 lists the monolingual linguistic collations supported by Oracle Database.

See Also:

Table A-1, "Oracle Database Supported Languages" for a list of the default collation for each language

Table A-15 Monolingual Linguistic Collations

Basic Name Extended Name Special Cases

ARABIC

-

-

ARABIC_MATCH

-

-

ARABIC_ABJ_SORT

-

-

ARABIC_ABJ_MATCH

-

-

ASCII7

-

-

AZERBAIJANI

XAZERBAIJANI

i, I, lowercase i without dot, uppercase I with dot

BENGALI

-

-

BIG5

-

-

BINARY

-

-

BULGARIAN

-

-

CATALAN

XCATALAN

æ, AE, ß

CROATIAN

XCROATIAN

D, L, N, d, l, n, ß

CZECH

XCZECH

ch, CH, Ch, ß

CZECH_PUNCTUATION

XCZECH_PUNCTUATION

ch, CH, Ch, ß

DANISH

XDANISH

A, ß, Å, å

DUTCH

XDUTCH

ij, IJ

EBCDIC

-

-

EEC_EURO

-

-

EEC_EUROPA3

-

-

ESTONIAN

-

-

FINNISH

-

-

FRENCH

XFRENCH

-

GERMAN

XGERMAN

ß

GERMAN_DIN

XGERMAN_DIN

ß, ä, ö, ü, Ä, Ö, Ü

GBK

-

-

GREEK

-

-

HEBREW

-

-

HKSCS

-

-

HUNGARIAN

XHUNGARIAN

cs, gy, ny, sz, ty, zs, ß, CS, Cs, GY, Gy, NY, Ny, SZ, Sz, TY, Ty, ZS, Zs

ICELANDIC

-

-

INDONESIAN

-

-

ITALIAN

-

-

LATIN

-

-

LATVIAN

-

-

LITHUANIAN

-

-

MALAY

-

-

NORWEGIAN

-

-

POLISH

-

-

PUNCTUATION

XPUNCTUATION

-

ROMANIAN

-

-

RUSSIAN

-

-

SLOVAK

XSLOVAK

dz, DZ, Dz, ß (caron)

SLOVENIAN

XSLOVENIAN

ß

SPANISH

XSPANISH

ch, ll, CH, Ch, LL, Ll

SWEDISH

-

-

SWISS

XSWISS

ß

TURKISH

XTURKISH

æ, AE, ß

UKRAINIAN

-

-

UNICODE_BINARY

-

-

VIETNAMESE

-

-

WEST_EUROPEAN

XWEST_EUROPEAN

ß

Table A-16 lists the multilingual linguistic collations available in Oracle Database. All of them include GENERIC_M (an ISO standard for sorting Latin-based characters) as a base. Multilingual linguistic collations are used for a specific primary language together with Latin-based characters. For example, KOREAN_M sorts Korean and Latin-based characters, but it does not sort Chinese, Thai, or Japanese characters.

Table A-16 Multilingual Linguistic Collations

Collation Name Description

CANADIAN_M

Canadian French collation supports reverse secondary, special expanding characters

DANISH_M

Danish collation supports sorting uppercase characters before lowercase characters

FRENCH_M

French collation supports reverse sort for secondary

GENERIC_M

Generic sorting order which is based on ISO14651 and Unicode canonical equivalence rules but excluding compatible equivalence rules

JAPANESE_M

Japanese collation supports SJIS character set order and EUC characters which are not included in SJIS

KOREAN_M

Korean collation: Hangul characters are based on Unicode binary order. Hanja characters based on pronunciation order. All Hangul characters are before Hanja characters

SPANISH_M

Traditional Spanish collation supports special contracting characters

THAI_M

Thai collation supports swap characters for some vowels and consonants

SCHINESE_RADICAL_M

Simplified Chinese collation based on radical as primary order and number of strokes order as secondary order

SCHINESE_STROKE_M

Simplified Chinese collation uses number of strokes as primary order and radical as secondary order

SCHINESE_PINYIN_M

Simplified Chinese PinYin sorting order

TCHINESE_RADICAL_M

Traditional Chinese collation based on radical as primary order and number of strokes order as secondary order

TCHINESE_STROKE_M

Traditional Chinese collation uses number of strokes as primary order and radical as secondary order. It supports supplementary characters.

Table A-17 illustrates UCA collations.

Table A-17 UCA Collations

Collation Name UCA Version Language Collation Type Default Setting for Collation Parameters

UCA0700_DUCET

7.0

All

DUCET

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_ROOT

7.0

All

CLDR root

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_ORADUCET

7.0

All

DUCET

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_ORAROOT

7.0

All

CLDR root

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_CFRENCH

7.0

Canadian French

standard

_S4_VS_BYFoot 1_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_DANISH

7.0

Danish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FUFoot 2_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_JAPANESE

7.0

Japanese

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HYFoot 3_DN_MN

UCA0700_KOREAN

7.0

Korean

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_SPANISH

7.0

Spanish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_TSPANISH

7.0

Spanish

traditional

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_THAI

7.0

Thai

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_SCHINESE

7.0

Simplified Chinese

pinyin

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_SCHINESE1

7.0

Simplified Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_SCHINESE2

7.0

Simplified Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_TCHINESE

7.0

Traditional Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0700_TCHINESE1

7.0

Traditional Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_DUCET

6.2

All

DUCET

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_ROOT

6.2

All

CLDR root

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_CFRENCH

6.2

Canadian French

standard

_S4_VS_BYFoot 4_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_DANISH

6.2

Danish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FUFoot 5_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_JAPANESE

6.2

Japanese

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HYFoot 6_DN_MN

UCA0620_KOREAN

6.2

Korean

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_SPANISH

6.2

Spanish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_TSPANISH

6.2

Spanish

traditional

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_THAI

6.2

Thai

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_SCHINESE

6.2

Simplified Chinese

pinyin

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_SCHINESE1

6.2

Simplified Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_SCHINESE2

6.2

Simplified Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_TCHINESE

6.2

Traditional Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0620_TCHINESE1

6.2

Traditional Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_DUCET

6.1

All

DUCET

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_ROOT

6.1

All

CLDR root

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_CFRENCH

6.1

Canadian French

standard

_S4_VS_BYFoot 7_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_DANISH

6.1

Danish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FUFoot 8_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_JAPANESE

6.1

Japanese

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HYFoot 9_DN_MN

UCA0610_KOREAN

6.1

Korean

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_SPANISH

6.1

Spanish

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_TSPANISH

6.1

Spanish

traditional

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_THAI

6.1

Thai

standard

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_SCHINESE

6.1

Simplified Chinese

pinyin

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_SCHINESE1

6.1

Simplified Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_SCHINESE2

6.1

Simplified Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_TCHINESE

6.1

Traditional Chinese

stroke

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

UCA0610_TCHINESE1

6.1

Traditional Chinese

radical

_S4_VS_BN_NY_EN_FN_HN_DN_MN

Footnote 1 Default setting of _BY is unique for UCA0700_CFRENCH collation. For all other UCA 7.0 collations, the default setting is _BN.

Footnote 2 Default setting of _FU is unique for UCA0700_DANISH collation. For all other UCA 7.0 collations, the default setting is _FN.

Footnote 3 Default setting of _HY is unique for UCA0700_JAPANESE collation. For all other UCA 7.0 collations, the default setting is _HN.

Footnote 4 Default setting of _BY is unique for UCA0620_CFRENCH collation. For all other UCA 6.2 collations, the default setting is _BN.

Footnote 5 Default setting of _FU is unique for UCA0620_DANISH collation. For all other UCA 6.2 collations, the default setting is _FN.

Footnote 6 Default setting of _HY is unique for UCA0620_JAPANESE collation. For all other UCA 6.2 collations, the default setting is _HN.

Footnote 7 Default setting of _BY is unique for UCA0610_CFRENCH collation. For all other UCA 6.1 collations, the default setting is _BN.

Footnote 8 Default setting of _FU is unique for UCA0610_DANISH collation. For all other UCA 6.1 collations, the default setting is _FN.

Footnote 9 Default setting of _HY is unique for UCA0610_JAPANESE collation. For all other UCA 6.1 collations, the default setting is _HN.

Note:

Oracle recommends that you do not use UCA 6.1 and 6.2 collations, nor the UCA0700_DUCET and UCA0700_ROOT collations. See "Avoiding ORA-12742 Error" for information about the issues affecting these collations.

A.7 Calendar Systems

By default, most territory definitions use the Gregorian calendar system. Table A-18 lists the other calendar systems supported by Oracle Database.

Table A-18 Supported Calendar Systems

Name Default Date Format Character Set Used For Default Date Format

Japanese Imperial

EEYYMMDD

JA16EUC

ROC Official

EEyymmdd

ZHT32EUC

Thai Buddha

dd month EE yyyy

TH8TISASCII

Persian

DD Month YYYY

AR8ASMO8X

Arabic Hijrah

DD Month YYYY

AR8ISO8859P6

English Hijrah

DD Month YYYY

US7ASCII

Ethiopian

Month DD YYYY

AL32UTF8

The Arabic Hijrah and English Hijrah calendars implemented in the Oracle Database are a variant of the tabular Islamic calendar in which the leap years are the 2nd, 5th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 26th, and 29th in the 30-years cycle and in which the 1st of Muharram 1 AH corresponds to the 16th of July 622 AD. Users can apply deviation days to modify the calendar to suit their requirements, for example, by following an alternative set of leap years. See "Customizing Calendars with the NLS Calendar Utility" for more details about defining deviation days. The only difference between Arabic Hijrah and English Hijrah calendars are month names, which are written, correspondingly, in Arabic and in English transliteration.

The following example shows how March 27, 1998 appears in Japanese Imperial.

Figure A-1 Japanese Imperial Example

Description of Figure A-1 follows
Description of "Figure A-1 Japanese Imperial Example"

A.8 Time Zone Region Names

Table A-19 shows the time zone region names in the time zone files for version 11 that are supplied with the Oracle Database. See Datetime Data Types and Time Zone Support for more information regarding time zone files.

You can see the time zone region names by issuing the following statement:

SELECT DISTINCT(TZNAME) FROM V$TIMEZONE_NAMES;

Table A-19 Time Zone Region Names

Time Zone Name In the Smaller Time Zone File? Time Zone Name In the Smaller Time Zone File?

Africa/Abidjan

No

Asia/Qatar

No

Africa/Accra

No

Asia/Qyzylorda

No

Africa/Addis_Ababa

No

Asia/Rangoon

No

Africa/Algiers

No

Asia/Riyadh

Yes

Africa/Asmara

No

Asia/Saigon

No

Africa/Asmera

No

Asia/Sakhalin

No

Africa/Bamako

No

Asia/Samarkand

No

Africa/Bangui

No

Asia/Seoul

Yes

Africa/Banjul

No

Asia/Shanghai

Yes

Africa/Bissau

No

Asia/Singapore

Yes

Africa/Blantyre

No

Asia/Taipei

Yes

Africa/Brazzaville

No

Asia/Tashkent

No

Africa/Bujumbura

No

Asia/Tbilisi

No

Africa/Cairo

Yes

Asia/Tehran

Yes

Africa/Casablanca

No

Asia/Tel_Aviv

Yes

Africa/Ceuta

No

Asia/Thimbu

No

Africa/Conakry

No

Asia/Thimphu

No

Africa/Dakar

No

Asia/Tokyo

Yes

Africa/Dar_es_Salaam

No

Asia/Ujung_Pandang

No

Africa/Djibouti

No

Asia/Ulaanbaator

No

Africa/Doula

No

Asia/Ulan_Bator

No

Africa/El_Aaiun

No

Asia/Urumqi

No

Africa/Freetown

No

Asia/Vientiane

No

Africa/Gaborone

No

Asia/Vladivostok

No

Africa/Harare

No

Asia/Yakutsk

No

Africa/Johannesburg

No

Asia/Yetaterinburg

No

Africa/Kampala

No

Asia/Yerevan

No

Africa/Khartoum

No

Atlantic/Azores

No

Africa/Kigali

No

Atlantic/Bermuda

No

Africa/Kinshasa

No

Atlantic/Canary

No

Africa/Lagos

No

Atlantic/Cape_Verde

No

Africa/Libreville

No

Atlantic/Faeroe

No

Africa/Lome

No

Atlantic/Faroe

No

Africa/Luanda

No

Atlantic/Jan_Mayen

No

Africa/Lubumbashi

No

Atlantic/Madeira

No

Africa/Lusaka

No

Atlantic/Reykjavik

Yes

Africa/Malabo

No

Atlantic/South_Georgia

No

Africa/Maputo

No

Atlantic/St_Helena

No

Africa/Maseru

No

Atlantic/Stanley

No

Africa/Mbabane

No

Australia/ACT

Yes

Africa/Mogadishu

No

Australia/Adelaide

Yes

Africa/Monrovia

No

Australia/Brisbane

Yes

Africa/Nairobi

No

Australia/Broken_Hill

Yes

Africa/Ndjamena

No

Australia/Canberra

Yes

Africa/Niamey

No

Australia/Currie

No

Africa/Nouakchott

No

Australia/Darwin

Yes

Africa/Ouagadougou

No

Australia/Eucla

No

Africa/Porto-Novo

No

Australia/Hobart

Yes

Africa/Sao_Tome

No

Australia/LHI

Yes

Africa/Timbuktu

No

Australia/Lindeman

Yes

Africa/Tripoli

Yes

Australia/Lord_Howe

Yes

Africa/Tunis

No

Australia/Melbourne

Yes

Africa/Windhoek

No

Australia/NSW

Yes

America/Adak

Yes

Australia/North

Yes

America/Anchorage

Yes

Australia/Perth

Yes

America/Anguilla

No

Australia/Queensland

Yes

America/Antigua

No

Australia/South

Yes

America/Araguaina

No

Australia/Sydney

Yes

America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires

No

Australia/Tasmania

Yes

America/Argentina/Catamarca

No

Australia/Victoria

Yes

America/Argentina/ComodRivadavia

No

Australia/West

Yes

America/Argentina/Cordoba

No

Australia/Yancowinna

Yes

America/Argentina/Jujuy

No

Brazil/Acre

Yes

America/Argentina/La_Rioja

Yes

Brazil/DeNoronha

Yes

America/Argentina/Mendoza

No

Brazil/East

Yes

America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos

Yes

Brazil/West

Yes

America/Argentina/Salta

No

CET

Yes

America/Argentina/San_Juan

Yes

CST

Yes

America/Argentina/San_Luis

No

CST6CDT

Yes

America/Argentina/Tucuman

Yes

Canada/Atlantic

Yes

America/Argentina/Ushuaia

Yes

Canada/Central

Yes

America/Aruba

No

Canada/East-Saskatchewan

Yes

America/Asuncion

No

Canada/Eastern

Yes

America/Atikokan

No

Canada/Mountain

Yes

America/Atka

Yes

Canada/Newfoundland

Yes

America/Bahia

No

Canada/Pacific

Yes

America/Barbados

No

Canada/Saskatchewan

Yes

America/Belem

No

Canada/Yukon

Yes

America/Belize

No

Chile/Continental

Yes

America/Blanc-Sablon

No

Chile/EasterIsland

Yes

America/Boa_Vista

No

Cuba

Yes

America/Bogota

No

EET

Yes

America/Boise

No

EST

Yes

America/Buenos_Aires

No

EST5EDT

Yes

America/Cambridge_Bay

No

Egypt

Yes

America/Campo_Grande

No

Eire

Yes

America/Cancun

No

Etc/GMT

Yes

America/Caracas

No

Etc/GMT+0

Yes

America/Catamarca

No

Etc/GMT+1

Yes

America/Cayenne

No

Etc/GMT+10

Yes

America/Cayman

No

Etc/GMT+11

Yes

America/Chicago

Yes

Etc/GMT+12

Yes

America/Chihuahua

No

Etc/GMT+2

Yes

America/Coral_Harbour

No

Etc/GMT+3

Yes

America/Cordoba

No

Etc/GMT+4

Yes

America/Costa_Rica

No

Etc/GMT+5

Yes

America/Cuiaba

No

Etc/GMT+6

Yes

America/Curacao

No

Etc/GMT+7

Yes

America/Danmarkshavn

No

Etc/GMT+8

Yes

America/Dawson

No

Etc/GMT+9

Yes

America/Dawson_Creek

No

Etc/GMT-0

Yes

America/Denver

Yes

Etc/GMT-1

Yes

America/Detroit

Yes

Etc/GMT-10

Yes

America/Dominica

No

Etc/GMT-11

Yes

America/Edmonton

Yes

Etc/GMT-12

Yes

America/Eirunepe

Yes

Etc/GMT-13

Yes

America/El_Salvador

No

Etc/GMT-14

Yes

America/Ensenada

Yes

Etc/GMT-2

Yes

America/Fort_Wayne

Yes

Etc/GMT-3

Yes

America/Fortaleza

No

Etc/GMT-4

Yes

America/Glace_Bay

No

Etc/GMT-5

Yes

America/Godthab

No

Etc/GMT-6

yes

America/Goose_Bay

No

Etc/GMT-7

Yes

America/Grand_Turk

No

Etc/GMT-8

Yes

America/Grenada

No

Etc/GMT-9

Yes

America/Guadeloupe

No

Etc/GMT0

Yes

America/Guatemala

No

Etc/Greenwich

Yes

America/Guayaquil

No

Europe/Amsterdam

No

America/Guyana

No

-

-

America/Halifax

Yes

Europe/Andorra

No

America/Havana

Yes

Europe/Athens

No

America/Hermosillo

No

Europe/Belfast

Yes

America/Indiana/Indianapolis

Yes

Europe/Belgrade

No

America/Indiana/Knox

No

Europe/Berlin

No

America/Indiana/Marengo

No

Europe/Bratislava

No

America/Indiana/Petersburg

No

Europe/Brussels

No

America/Indiana/Tell_City

No

Europe/Bucharest

No

America/Indiana/Vevay

No

Europe/Budapest

No

America/Indiana/Vincennes

No

Europe/Chisinau

No

America/Indiana/Winamac

No

Europe/Copenhagen

No

America/Indianapolis

Yes

Europe/Dublin

Yes

America/Inuvik

No

Europe/Gibraltar

No

America/Iqaluit

No

Europe/Guernsey

Yes

America/Jamaica

Yes

Europe/Helsinki

No

America/Jujuy

No

Europe/Isle_of_Man

Yes

America/Juneau

No

Europe/Istanbul

Yes

America/Kentucky/Louisville

No

Europe/Jersey

Yes

America/Kentucky/Monticello

No

Europe/Kaliningrad

No

America/Knox_IN

No

Europe/Kiev

No

America/La_Paz

No

Europe/Lisbon

Yes

America/Lima

No

Europe/Ljubljana

No

America/Los_Angeles

Yes

Europe/London

Yes

America/Louisville

No

Europe/Luxembourg

No

America/Maceio

No

Europe/Madrid

No

America/Managua

No

Europe/Malta

No

America/Manaus

Yes

Europe/Mariehamn

No

America/Marigot

No

Europe/Minsk

No

America/Martinique

No

Europe/Monaco

No

America/Mazatlan

Yes

Europe/Moscow

Yes

America/Mendoza

No

Europe/Nicosia

No

America/Menominee

No

Europe/Oslo

No

America/Merida

No

Europe/Paris

No

America/Mexico_City

Yes

Europe/Podgorica

No

America/Miquelon

No

Europe/Prague

No

America/Moncton

No

Europe/Riga

No

America/Monterrey

Yes

Europe/Rome

No

America/Montevideo

No

Europe/Samara

No

America/Montreal

Yes

Europe/San_Marino

No

America/Montserrat

No

Europe/Sarajevo

No

America/Nassau

No

Europe/Simferopol

No

America/New_York

Yes

Europe/Skopje

No

America/Nipigon

No

Europe/Sofia

No

America/Nome

No

Europe/Stockholm

No

America/Noronha

Yes

Europe/Tallinn

No

America/North_Dakota/Center

No

Europe/Tirane

No

America/North_Dakota/New_Salem

No

Europe/Tiraspol

No

America/Panama

No

Europe/Uzhgorod

No

America/Pangnirtung

No

Europe/Vaduz

No

America/Paramaribo

No

Europe/Vatican

No

America/Phoenix

Yes

Europe/Vienna

No

America/Port-au-Prince

No

Europe/Vilnius

No

America/Port_of_Spain

No

Europe/Volgograd

No

America/Porto_Acre

No

Europe/Warsaw

Yes

America/Porto_Velho

No

Europe/Zagreb

No

America/Port_of_Spain

No

Europe/Zaporozhye

No

America/Porto_Acre

No

Europe/Zurich

No

America/Porto_Velho

No

GB

Yes

America/Puerto_Rico

No

GB-Eire

Yes

America/Rainy_River

No

GMT

Yes

America/Rankin_Inlet

No

GMT+0

Yes

America/Recife

No

GMT-0

Yes

America/Regina

Yes

GMT0

Yes

America/Resolute

No

Greenwich

Yes

America/Rio_Branco

Yes

HST

Yes

America/Rosario

No

Hongkong

Yes

America/Santiago

Yes

Iceland

Yes

America/Santo_Domingo

No

Indian/Antananarivo

No

America/Sao_Paulo

Yes

Indian/Chagos

No

America/Scoresbysund

No

Indian/Christmas

No

America/Shiprock

Yes

Indian/Cocos

No

America/St_Barthelemy

No

Indian/Comoro

No

America/St_Johns

Yes

Indian/Kerguelen

No

America/St_Kitts

No

Indian/Mahe

No

America/St_Lucia

No

Indian/Maldives

No

America/St_Thomas

No

Indian/Mauritius

No

America/St_Vincent

No

Indian/Mayotte

No

America/Swift_Current

No

Indian/Reunion

No

America/Tegucigalpa

No

Iran

Yes

America/Thule

No

Israel

Yes

America/Thunder_Bay

No

Jamaica

Yes

America/Tijuana

Yes

Japan

Yes

America/Tortola

No

Kwajalein

Yes

America/Vancouver

Yes

Libya

Yes

America/Virgin

No

MET

Yes

America/Whitehorse

Yes

MST

Yes

America/Winnipeg

Yes

MST7MDT

Yes

America/Yakutat

No

Mexico/BajaNorte

Yes

America/Yellowknife

No

Mexico/BajaSur

Yes

Antarctica/Casey

No

Mexico/General

Yes

Antarctica/Davis

No

NZ

Yes

Antarctica/DumontDUrville

No

NZ-CHAT

Yes

Antarctica/Mawson

No

Navajo

Yes

Antarctica/McMurdo

No

PRC

Yes

Antarctica/Palmer

No

PST

Yes

Antarctica/South_Pole

No

PST8PDT

Yes

Antarctica/Syowa

No

Pacific/Apia

No

Arctic/Longyearbyen

No

Pacific/Auckland

Yes

Asia/Aden

No

Pacific/Chatham

Yes

Asia/Almaty

No

Pacific/Easter

Yes

Asia/Amman

No

Pacific/Efate

No

Asia/Anadyr

No

Pacific/Enderbury

No

Asia/Aqtau

No

Pacific/Fakaofo

No

Asia/Aqtobe

No

Pacific/Fiji

No

Asia/Ashgabat

No

Pacific/Funafuji

No

Asia/Ashkhabad

No

Pacific/Galapagos

No

Asia/Baghdad

No

Pacific/Gambier

No

Asia/Bahrain

No

Pacific/Guadalcanal

No

Asia/Baku

No

Pacific/Guam

No

Asia/Bangkok

No

Pacific/Honolulu

Yes

Asia/Beirut

No

Pacific/Johnston

No

Asia/Bishkek

No

Pacific/Kiritimati

No

Asia/Brunei

No

Pacific/Kosrae

No

Asia/Calcutta

Yes

Pacific/Kwajalein

Yes

Asia/Choibalsan

No

Pacific/Majuro

No

Asia/Chongqing

No

Pacific/Marquesas

No

Asia/Chungking

No

Pacific/Midway

No

Asia/Colombo

No

Pacific/Nauru

No

Asia/Dacca

No

Pacific/Niue

No

Asia/Damascus

No

Pacific/Norfolk

No

Asia/Dhaka

No

Pacific/Noumea

No

Asia/Dili

No

Pacific/Pago_Pago

Yes

Asia/Dubai

No

Pacific/Palau

No

Asia/Dushanbe

No

Pacific/Pitcairn

No

Asia/Gaza

No

Pacific/Ponape

No

Asia/Harbin

No

Pacific/Rarotonga

No

Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh

No

Pacific/Rarotonga

No

Asia/Hong_Kong

Yes

Pacific/Saipan

No

Asia/Hovd

No

Pacific/Samoa

Yes

Asia/Irkutsk

No

Pacific/Tahiti

No

Asia/Istanbul

Yes

Pacific/Tarawa

No

Asia/Jakarta

No

Pacific/Tongatapu

No

Asia/Jayapura

No

Pacific/Truk

No

Asia/Jerusalem

Yes

Pacific/Wake

No

Asia/Kabul

No

Pacific/Wallis

No

Asia/Kamchatka

No

Pacific/Yap

No

Asia/Karachi

No

Poland

Yes

Asia/Kashgar

No

Portugal

Yes

Asia/Kathmandu

No

ROC

Yes

Asia/Katmandu

No

ROK

Yes

Asia/Kolkata

No

Singapore

Yes

Asia/Krasnoyarsk

No

Turkey

Yes

Asia/Kuala_Lumpur

No

US/Alaska

Yes

Asia/Kuching

No

US/Aleutian

Yes

Asia/Kuwait

No

US/Arizona

Yes

Asia/Macao

No

US/Central

Yes

Asia/Macau

No

US/East-Indiana

Yes

Asia/Magadan

No

US/Eastern

Yes

Asia/Makassar

No

US/Hawaii

Yes

Asia/Manila

No

US/Indiana-Starke

No

Asia/Muscat

No

US/Michigan

Yes

Asia/Nicosia

No

US/Mountain

Yes

Asia/Novosibirsk

No

US/Pacific

Yes

Asia/Omsk

No

US/Pacific-New

Yes

Asia/Oral

No

US/Samoa

Yes

Asia/Phnom_Penh

No

UTC

No

Asia/Pontianak

No

W-SU

Yes

Asia/Pyongyang

No

WET

Yes

A.9 Obsolete Locale Data

This section contains information about obsolete linguistic sorts, character sets, languages, and territories. The obsolete linguistic sort, language, and territory definitions are still available. However, they are supported for backward compatibility only; they may be desupported in a future release. You can obtain a listing of the obsolete character sets, languages, territories, and linguistic sorts for the current database release by querying the V$NLS_VALID_VALUES view.

A.9.1 Obsolete Linguistic Sorts

Table A-20 contains linguistic sorts that have been obsoleted starting with Oracle Database 10g.

Table A-20 Obsolete Linguistic Sorts

Obsolete Sort Name Replacement Sort

THAI_TELEPHONE

THAI_M

THAI_DICTIONARY

THAI_M

CANADIAN FRENCH

CANADIAN_M

JAPANESE

JAPANESE_M

A.9.2 Obsolete Territories

Table A-21 contains territories that have been obsoleted starting with Oracle Database 10g.

Table A-21 Obsolete Territories

Obsolete Territory Name Replacement Territory

CIS

RUSSIA

MACEDONIA

FYR MACEDONIA

YUGOSLAVIA

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, SERBIA, or MONTENEGRO

SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO

SERBIA or MONTENEGRO

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

CZECH REPUBLIC or SLOVAKIA

A.9.3 Obsolete Languages

Table A-22 contains languages that have been obsoleted starting with Oracle Database 10g.

Table A-22 Obsolete Languages

Obsolete Language Name Replacement Language

BENGALI

BANGLA

A.9.4 Obsolete Character Sets and Replacement Character Sets

Table A-23 lists the obsolete character sets. If you reference any of these character sets in your code, then replace them with the new character set.

Table A-23 Obsolete Character Sets and Their Replacements

Obsolete Character Set Replacement Character Set

AR8ADOS710T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8ADOS720T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8APTEC715T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8ASMO708PLUS

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8HPARABIC8T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8MUSSAD768T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8NAFITHA711T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8NAFITHA721T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8SAKHR707T

AR8ISO8859P6, AR8MSWIN1256, and AL32UTF8

AR8MSAWIN

AR8MSWIN1256

AR8XBASIC

AR8EBCDIC420S

CL8EBCDIC875S

CL8EBCDIC875R

CL8MSWINDOW31

CL8MSWIN1251

EL8EBCDIC875S

EL8EBCDIC875R

JVMS

JA16VMS

JEUC

JA16EUC

SJIS

JA16SJIS

JDBCS

JA16DBCS

KSC5601

KO16KSC5601

KDBCS

KO16DBCS

CGB2312-80

ZHS16CGB231280

CNS 11643-86

ZHT32EUC

JA16EUCFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

See the note following this table

ZHS32EUCFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

ZHS16GBKFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

JA16DBCSFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

KO16DBCSFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

ZHS16DBCSFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

ZHS16CGB231280FIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

ZHT16DBCSFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

KO16KSC5601FIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

JA16SJISFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

See the note following this table

ZHT16BIG5FIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

ZHT32TRISFIXED

UTF8 and AL16UTF16

Note:

The character sets JA16EUCFIXED (1830) and JA16SJISFIXED (1832) are supported on the database client side using:

  • NLS_NCHAR client environment variable

  • ncharset parameter of the OCIEnvNlsCreate() call

  • OCI_ATTR_CHARSET_ID attribute of a bind or a define handle

A.9.5 AL24UTFFSS Character Set Desupported

The Unicode character set AL24UTFFSS was introduced in Oracle Database version 7 to support the UTF-8 encoding scheme and was based on the Unicode standard 1.1. AL24UTFFSS was desupported in Oracle9i. Oracle Database began offering the Unicode database character set UTF8 in Oracle8 and AL32UTF8 in Oracle9i. The AL32UTF8 character set has been updated to conform to Unicode 7.0 in Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12.2) and Unicode 9.0 in Oracle Database Release 18c, Version 18.1.

The migration path for an existing AL24UTFFSS database is to upgrade to UTF8 prior to upgrading to Oracle Database 9i or later. You can use the Character Set Scanner for data analysis in Oracle8 before attempting to migrate your existing database character set to UTF8.

See Also:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/products/globalization/index-085942.html for more information about the Character Set Scanner.

A.9.6 Updates to the Oracle Database Language and Territory Definition Files

Changes have been made to the content in some of the language and territory definition files since Oracle Database 10g. These updates are necessary to correct the legacy definitions that no longer meet the local conventions in some of the languages and territories that Oracle Database supports. These changes include modifications to the currency symbols, month names, and group separators. One example is the local currency symbol for Brazil. This was updated from Cr$ to R$ in Oracle Database 10g.

Please refer to the "Oracle Database Language and Territory Definition Changes" table documented in the $ORACLE_HOME/nls/data/old/data_changes.html file for a detailed list of the changes.

You should review your existing application code to make sure that the Oracle Database 18c locale definition files that provide the correct cultural conventions are being used. If you are not able to make these necessary code changes to support your applications, you may use the Oracle9i locale definition files that are included in this Oracle Database release.

To revert back to the Oracle9i language and territory behavior:

  1. Shut down the database.

  2. Run the script cr9idata.pl from the $ORACLE_HOME/nls/data/old directory.

  3. Set the ORA_NLS10 environment variable to the newly created $ORACLE_HOME/nls/data/9idata directory.

  4. Restart the database.

Steps 2 and 3 will need to be repeated for all Oracle Database 18c clients that need to revert back to the Oracle9i definition files.

Note:

Oracle strongly recommends that you use Oracle Database 18c locale definition files. Oracle9i locale definition files will be desupported in a future release.