Document Information


Part I Introduction

1.  Overview

2.  Using the Tutorial Examples

Part II The Web Tier

3.  Getting Started with Web Applications

4.  Java Servlet Technology

5.  JavaServer Pages Technology

6.  JavaServer Pages Documents

7.  JavaServer Pages Standard Tag Library

8.  Custom Tags in JSP Pages

9.  Scripting in JSP Pages

10.  JavaServer Faces Technology

11.  Using JavaServer Faces Technology in JSP Pages

12.  Developing with JavaServer Faces Technology

13.  Creating Custom UI Components

14.  Configuring JavaServer Faces Applications

15.  Internationalizing and Localizing Web Applications

Part III Web Services

16.  Building Web Services with JAX-WS

17.  Binding between XML Schema and Java Classes

18.  Streaming API for XML

19.  SOAP with Attachments API for Java

Part IV Enterprise Beans

20.  Enterprise Beans

21.  Getting Started with Enterprise Beans

22.  Session Bean Examples

23.  A Message-Driven Bean Example

Part V Persistence

24.  Introduction to the Java Persistence API

25.  Persistence in the Web Tier

26.  Persistence in the EJB Tier

27.  The Java Persistence Query Language

Part VI Services

28.  Introduction to Security in the Java EE Platform

29.  Securing Java EE Applications

30.  Securing Web Applications

31.  The Java Message Service API

32.  Java EE Examples Using the JMS API

33.  Transactions

What Is a Transaction?

Container-Managed Transactions

Transaction Attributes

Required Attribute

RequiresNew Attribute

Mandatory Attribute

NotSupported Attribute

Supports Attribute

Never Attribute

Summary of Transaction Attributes

Setting Transaction Attributes

Rolling Back a Container-Managed Transaction

Synchronizing a Session Bean's Instance Variables

Methods Not Allowed in Container-Managed Transactions

Bean-Managed Transactions

JTA Transactions

Returning without Committing

Methods Not Allowed in Bean-Managed Transactions

Transaction Timeouts

Transactions in Web Components

34.  Resource Connections

35.  Connector Architecture

Part VII Case Studies

36.  The Coffee Break Application

37.  The Duke's Bank Application

Part VIII Appendixes

A.  Java Encoding Schemes

B.  About the Authors



Updating Multiple Databases

The Java EE transaction manager controls all enterprise bean transactions except for bean-managed JDBC transactions. The Java EE transaction manager allows an enterprise bean to update multiple databases within a transaction. The figures that follow show two scenarios for updating multiple databases in a single transaction.

In Figure 33-2, the client invokes a business method in Bean-A. The business method begins a transaction, updates Database X, updates Database Y, and invokes a business method in Bean-B. The second business method updates Database Z and returns control to the business method in Bean-A, which commits the transaction. All three database updates occur in the same transaction.

Figure 33-2 Updating Multiple Databases

A diagram showing Bean-A updating databases X and Y, and Bean-B updating database Z.

In Figure 33-3, the client calls a business method in Bean-A, which begins a transaction and updates Database X. Then Bean-A invokes a method in Bean-B, which resides in a remote Java EE server. The method in Bean-B updates Database Y. The transaction managers of the Java EE servers ensure that both databases are updated in the same transaction.

Figure 33-3 Updating Multiple Databases across Java EE Servers

A diagram showing Bean-A on one Java EE server updating database X, and Bean-B on another Java EE server updating database Y.