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|System Administration Guide: Printing Oracle Solaris 11 Express 11/10|
Note - Starting with the Oracle Solaris 11 Express release, CUPS is the default print service. The standard network printing protocol that is used with CUPS is IPP. For more information, see Chapter 3, Setting Up and Administering Printers by Using CUPS (Tasks).
The printing architecture in the Oracle Solaris OS uses network printing protocols to communicate with print services in following ways:
Oracle Solaris provides applications, toolkits, printing commands, and an application programming interface that interacts with print services. This API is called the PAPI. The PAPI consists of a front-end API implementation that dynamically loads back end print service or protocol modules that communicate directly with print services. These print services contain the print job or print queue that is being acted upon. Client-to-server communications include the RFC-1179 and IPP protocols, as well as support for communicating with a local LP print service. For server-to-printer communications, the network printing protocol support enables the print service to transmit print jobs directly to network-attached printers.