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ONC+ RPC Developer's Guide

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Updated: March 2019

Using Transient RPC Program Numbers

Occasionally, an application could use RPC program numbers that are generated dynamically. This technique could be used for implementing callback procedures, for example. In the callback example, a client program typically registers an RPC service using a dynamically generated, or transient, RPC program number. The program then passes this number on to a server along with a request. The server then calls back the client program using the transient RPC program number in order to supply the results.

This mechanism might be necessary if processing the client's request takes an excessive amount of time and the client cannot block, assuming it is single threaded. In this case, the server acknowledges the client's request, and calls back later with the results.

Another use of callbacks is to generate periodic reports from a server. The client makes an RPC call to start the reporting, and the server periodically calls back the client with reports using the transient RPC program number supplied by the client program.

Dynamically generated, or transient, RPC program numbers are in the transient range 0x40000000 - 0x5fffffff. The following routine creates a service based on a transient RPC program for a given transport type. The service handle and the transient RPC program number are returned. The caller supplies the service dispatch routine, the version, and the transport type.

Example 67  Transient RPC Program – Server Side
SVCXPRT *register_transient_prog(dispatch, program, version, netid)
	void (*dispatch)(); /* service dispatch routine */
	rpcproc_t *program;    /* returned transient RPC number */
	rpcvers_t version;     /* program version */
	char *netid;        /* transport id */
	SVCXPRT  *transp;
	struct netconfig *nconf;
	rpcprog_t prognum;
	if ((nconf = getnetconfigent(netid)) == (struct netconfig *)NULL)
		return ((SVCXPRT *)NULL);
	if ((transp = svc_tli_create(RPC_ANYFD, nconf,
			(struct t_bind *)NULL, 0, 0)) == (SVCXPRT *)NULL) {
		return ((SVCXPRT *)NULL);
	prognum = 0x40000000;
	while (prognum < 0x60000000 && svc_reg(transp, prognum,
               version, dispatch, nconf) == 0) {
	if (prognum >= 0x60000000) {
		return ((SVCXPRT *)NULL);
	*program = prognum;
	return (transp);