This section describes the remote mirror replication method and the point-in-time snapshot method used by Availability Suite software. This software uses the sndradm and iiadm commands to replicate data. For more information, see the sndradm(1M) and iiadm(1M) man pages.
Figure 2 shows remote mirror replication. Data from the master volume of the primary disk is replicated to the master volume of the secondary disk through a TCP/IP connection. A remote mirror bitmap tracks differences between the master volume on the primary disk and the master volume on the secondary disk.
Figure 2 Remote Mirror Replication
Remote mirror replication can be performed synchronously in real time, or asynchronously. Each volume set in each cluster can be configured individually, for synchronous replication or asynchronous replication.
In asynchronous data replication, a write operation is confirmed as complete before the remote volume is updated. Asynchronous data replication provides greater flexibility over long distances and low bandwidth.
Figure 3 shows a point-in-time snapshot. Data from the master volume of each disk is copied to the shadow volume on the same disk. The point-in-time bitmap tracks differences between the master volume and the shadow volume. When data is copied to the shadow volume, the point-in-time bitmap is reset.
Figure 3 Point-in-Time Snapshot
Figure 4 illustrates how remote mirror replication and point-in-time snapshot are used in this example configuration.
Figure 4 Replication in the Example Configuration