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man pages section 2: System Calls

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

setreuid(2)

Name

setreuid - set real and effective user IDs

Synopsis

#include <unistd.h>

int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);

Description

The setreuid() function is used to set the real and effective user IDs of the calling process. If ruid is −1, the real user ID is not changed; if euid is −1, the effective user ID is not changed. The real and effective user IDs may be set to different values in the same call.

If the {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is asserted in the effective set of the calling process, the real user ID and the effective user ID can be set to any legal value.

If the {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is not asserted in the effective set of the calling process, either the real user ID can be set to the effective user ID, or the effective user ID can either be set to the saved set-user ID from execve() (see exec(2)) or the real user ID.

In either case, if the real user ID is being changed (that is, if ruid is not −1), or the effective user ID is being changed to a value not equal to the real user ID, the saved set-user ID is set equal to the new effective user ID.

All privileges are required to change to uid 0.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. Otherwise, −1 is returned, errno is set to indicate the error, and neither of the user IDs will be changed.

Errors

The setreuid() function will fail if:

EINVAL

The value of ruid or euid is less than 0 or greater than UID_MAX (defined in <limits.h >).

EPERM

The {PRIV_PROC_SETID} privilege is not asserted in the effective set of the calling processes and a change was specified other than changing the real user ID to the effective user ID, or changing the effective user ID to the real user ID or the saved set-user ID. See privileges(7) for additional restrictions which apply when changing to UID 0.

Usage

If a set-user-ID process sets its effective user ID to its real user ID, it can still set its effective user ID back to the saved set-user ID.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
Standard

See Also

setregid(2), exec(2), getuid(2), setuid(2), attributes(7), privileges(7), standards(7)