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man pages section 2: System Calls

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

setsid(2)

Name

setsid - create session and set process group ID

Synopsis

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>

pid_t setsid(void);

Description

The setsid() function creates a new session, if the calling process is not a process group leader. Upon return the calling process will be the session leader of this new session, will be the process group leader of a new process group, and will have no controlling terminal. The process group ID of the calling process will be set equal to the process ID of the calling process. The calling process will be the only process in the new process group and the only process in the new session.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, setsid() returns the value of the process group ID of the calling process. Otherwise it returns (pid_t)−1 and sets errno to indicate the error.

Errors

The setsid() function will fail if:

EPERM

The calling process is already a process group leader, or the process group ID of a process other than the calling process matches the process ID of the calling process.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
MT-Level
Async-Signal-Safe
Standard

See Also

setpgrp(2), getsid(2), setpgid(2), standards(7), attributes(7)

Warnings

A call to setsid() by a process that is a process group leader will fail. A process can become a process group leader by being the last member of a pipeline started by a job control shell. Thus, a process that expects to be part of a pipeline, and that calls setsid(), should always first fork; the parent should exit and the child should call setsid(). This will ensure that the calling process will work reliably when started by both job control shells and non-job control shells.