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man pages section 2: System Calls

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

shmids(2)

Name

shmids - discover all shared memory identifiers

Synopsis

#include <sys/shm.h>

int shmids(int *buf, uint_t nids, uint_t *pnids);

Description

The shmids() function copies all active shared memory identifiers from the system into the user-defined buffer specified by buf, provided that the number of such identifiers is not greater than the number of integers the buffer can contain, as specified by nids. If the size of the buffer is insufficient to contain all of the active shared memory identifiers in the system, none are copied.

Whether or not the size of the buffer is sufficient to contain all of them, the number of active shared memory identifiers in the system is copied into the unsigned integer pointed to by pnids.

If nids is 0 or less than the number of active shared memory identifiers in the system, buf is ignored.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, shmids() returns 0. Otherwise, −1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

Errors

The shmids() function will fail if:

EFAULT

The buf or pnids argument points to an illegal address.

Usage

The shmids() function returns a snapshot of all the active shared memory identifiers in the system. More may be added and some may be removed before they can be used by the caller.

Examples

Example 1 shmids() example

This is sample C code indicating how to use the shmids() function.

void
examine_shmids()
{
     int *ids = NULL;
     uint_t nids = 0;
     uint_t n;
     int i;

     for (;;) {
          if (shmids(ids, nids, &n) != 0) {
               perror("shmids");
               exit(1);
          }
          if (n <= nids)     /* we got them all */
               break;
          /* we need a bigger buffer */
          ids = realloc(ids, (nids = n) * sizeof (int));
     }   

     for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
          process_shmid(ids[i]);

     free(ids);
}

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
MT-Level
Async-Signal-Safe

See Also

ipcrm(1), ipcs(1), Intro(2), shmctl(2), shmget(2), shmop(2), attributes(7)