Select the Visualization Type

The interactive data visualizations in Oracle Cloud Logging Analytics enable you to get deeper insights into your log data. Based on what you want to achieve with your data set, you can select the visualization type that best suits your application.

Here are some of the things you can do with visualizations:

Compare and Contrast the Data Set Using One or Two Parameters

Use these simple graphs to visualize your data set and compare the log records based on one or two key parameters:

Visualization Type What You Input What Output You Get What You Can Do

Pie open pie graph: A pie chart shows the overall composition of a data set by encoding the percentage values in angles.

Default Group By field: Log Source. Optionally, you can change this parameter.

A circular representation of the count of the log records that are grouped using the input parameter.

Compare the broad groups in the circle that indicate percentages of the whole data set. For example, compare the percentages of the counts of the log records from various sources.


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Bar open bar graph: The count of the log records is displayed as segmented columns against the time period.

Default X-axis field: Log Source. Optionally, you can change this parameter.

Additionally, provide a second parameter in the Group by section to view a colored and stacked bar graph.

Bar graph: The input parameter represented along the x-axis as segmented columns, with the height of the column denoting the count.

Stacked bar graph: The key input parameter is grouped by the second parameter, and is represented as a stacked bar graph along the x-axis. The overall height of the column denotes the count. The colored stack represents the grouping.

Bar graph: Compare the sizes of the segmented columns to compare the count of the log records based on the input parameter. For example, compare the count of log records from each source.

Stacked bar graph: Here, you can compare not only the count of the values of the input parameter, but also notice the grouping of it, based on the second parameter. In the following example, the count of the log records from the sources are obtained by the overall height of the segmented columns. The log records in each column are grouped based on the severity of the errors noticed in them.


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See Bar Charts Visualization.

Horizontal bar open horizontal bar graph: The count of the log records is displayed as segmented rows against the time period.

Default Y-axis field: Log Source. Optionally, you can change this parameter.

One parameter, for example, Log Source. Additionally, provide a second parameter in the Group by section to view a colored and stacked horizontal bar graph.

Horizontal bar graph: The input parameter represented along the y-axis as segmented columns, with the width of the row denoting the count.

Stacked horizontal bar graph: The key input parameter is grouped by the second parameter, and is represented as a stacked bar graph along the y-axis. The overall width of the row denotes the count. The colored stack represents the grouping.

Horizontal bar graph: Compare the sizes of the segmented rows to compare the count of the log records based on the input parameter. For example, compare the count of log records from each source.

Stacked horizontal bar graph: Here, you can compare not only the count of the values of the input parameter, but also the grouping of it, based on the second parameter. In the following example, the count of the log records from the sources are obtained by the overall width of the segmented rows. The log records in each row are grouped based on the entity type.


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Map open map graph: The geographical distribution of the log records is displayed on the world map based on the location the log records are collected from.

Default fields referenced: Client Host City, Client Host Region, Client Host Country, Client Host Continent, and Client Coordinates.

The geographical distribution of the count of log records based on the input geographical parameter.

Compare the count of the log records based on their geographical distribution.

See Map Visualization.

Line open line graph: The count of the log records against the specific time is plotted with the line tracing the number that represents the count.

Default Group By field: Log Source. Optionally, you can change this parameter.

A plotted line that presents the count of the input parameter along the y-axis tracked on the timeline along the x-axis.

Compare the count of the log records based on the input parameter represented by separate lines plotted against time. In the following example, the count of log records from various log sources are plotted against time in each line.


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See Line Charts Visualization.

Word Cloud open word cloud: The data set is represented by a set of word tiles, whose size indicate the count of log records in each group and the colors indicate the grouping.

Default Group By field: Log Source. Optionally, you can change this parameter.

Additionally, provide a second parameter in the Color section to further group the data set. For example, Entity Type.

A word cloud where the size of the word tile represents the count. Additionally, when you provide a second input parameter, you can see a colored word cloud where the words are grouped by the second parameter. The groups are represented by colors.

Compare the count of the log records based on the size of the word tiles that represent the input parameter. If you provided the second parameter, then you can also view the color grouping of the word tiles. In the following example, the size of the word tiles represent the count of the log records from each source. The color of the word tiles indicate the entity type of each group.


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See Word Cloud Visualization.

Summarize the Data Set Using Key Parameters

View these charts to get detailed information about the data set:

Visualization Type What You Input What Output You Get What You Can Do

Summary table open summary table

Default Value: count

Optionally, you can select a different math function to perform on the data set. For example, Percentile, Median, or Average.

Default Group by field: Log Source

Optionally, you can select more input parameters for the Group by section that will enable further grouping of the data set.

A table that displays the following:
  • Each column of the table represents a display field and the fields that you want to use for grouping the data set.

  • The number of rows in the table indicate the number of groups.

Summary table is the most versatile visualization chart that can perform statistical analysis on any type of input data. It also permits multiple input parameters in the Group by section, thus enabling more complex deductions from the analysis.

  • Perform statistical analysis on the entire data set.

  • Select the fields for statistical analysis that can help you understand the data set.

  • Group your statistical analysis to correlate the results.

See Summary Tables.

Records open records chart

Default Value: Entity, Entity Type, Log Source, Host Name (Server), Problem Priority, and Label.

Optionally, you can select more input parameters that will display in the chart.

A chart of log records that contain:
  • The time when the log was collected

  • Original log content and the selected display fields

  • View the original log content to understand and correlate the values of the display fields.

  • View the log content corresponding to a specific log collection time.

Table open table chart

Default Value: Entity, Entity Type, Log Source, Host Name (Server), Problem Priority, and Label.

Optionally, you can select more input parameters that will display in the table.

A table that displays the following:
  • Each column of the table represents a display field that you selected

  • Each row of the table represents a log record

  • Prioritize and select the fields that you want to view in the table to help you make decisions.

  • Filter the log content and view only the data in each log record that is of interest to you.

Distinct open distinct chart

Default Value: Log Source

Optionally, you can select more input parameters that will display in the table.

A table that lists the unique values of the default field. If you included more fields, then the table displays the following:
  • Each column of the table represents a display field that you selected.

  • The number of rows in the table indicate the number of groups.

  • Each row indicates a unique group of the display fields that are available in the log data.

  • Identify the unique values of the fields in your log data.

  • Identify unique groups of fields in the log data.

Alternatively, use the Tile open tile visualization to summarize the data set. By default, the tile visualization summarizes the overall count of the log records. Identify the fields to group the log records in order to refine the summary. For example, you can group the log records by source. This is a sample summary output of the grouping: 8 Distinct values of Log Source.

Group and Drill Down to the Specific Data Set

Use these simple graph and chart visualizations to group the log records based on a parameter, and then drill down to the individual log records to investigate further.

A histogram is a graph that lets you view the underlying frequency distribution or shape of a continuous data set. It shows the dispersion of log records over a specific time period with segmented columns. You can optionally select a field for the Group by section to group the log records for the histogram visualization.

To learn more about the input parameters and the output for the Records and Table visualizations, see Summarize the Data Set Using Key Parameters.

Visualization Type What You Can Do

Records with histogram open records with histogram

  • Reduce the size of the data set for understanding and analyzing by grouping the log records in the histogram, and drilling down to specific log records. You can click a select segment in the histogram to drill down to a specific set of log records and to view the original log content.

  • The combination of the histogram graph and records chart enables you to drill down to the specific log content faster.

Table with histogram open table with histogram

  • Use an appropriate field to group the log records in the histogram visualization. From the histogram graph, identify the data set that you want to view the field details of, and view it in the table.

  • The combination of the histogram graph and table enables you to drill down to the specific data set faster.

Analyze the Data Set Using Multiple Key Parameters

Use these complex graph visualizations to determine the hierarchical and fractional relationships of the fields in the whole data set:

Visualization Type What You Input What Output You Get What You Can Do

Sunburst open sunburst

Default Value: count

Optionally, you can select a different field whose count can help to generate the sunburst.

Default Group by field: Log Source

Optionally, you can select more input parameters for the Group by section that will enable further grouping of the data set. For example, Entity Type and Entity.

By default, a sunburst that represents the log records grouped by the default parameter. The size of a sector in the circle indicates the count of the log records in the specific data set. If you specified more fields for grouping, you’ll see a concentric sunburst, with the innermost ring representing the first computation of the grouping, and the subsequent rings representing the following computations, in that order.

Use the sunburst visualization to analyze hierarchical data from multiple fields. The hierarchy is represented in the form of concentric rings, with the innermost ring representing the top of the hierarchy.

In the following example, the log records are grouped using the fields Log Source, Entity Type and Entity. Click a segment to view the Records with Histogram visualization for the specific data set. The records chart lists the original log content emphasizing the default display fields.


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Treemap open treemap

Default Value: count

Optionally, you can select a different field whose count can help to generate the treemap.

Default Group by field: Log Source

Optionally, you can select more input parameters for the Group by section that will enable further grouping of the data set.

A treemap that represents the log records grouped by the default parameter. The size of the rectangles indicate the count of the log records in the specific data set. If you specified more fields for grouping, you’ll see a nested treemap that groups the log records based on all the parameters that you specified. The nested treemap also shows the fractional relationship of the fields in each data set.

Use the treemap visualization to analyze the data from multiple fields that are both hierarchical and fractional, with the help of interactive nested rectangles.

In the following example, the log records are grouped using the Log Source field. Click a rectangle to view the Records with Histogram visualization for the specific data set. The records chart lists the original log content emphasizing the default display fields.


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Perform Advanced Analysis of the Data Set

Use these visualizations to perform advanced analysis of the large data set to figure out the root cause an issue, to identify potential issues, to view trends, or to detect an anomaly.

Visualization Type What You Input What Output You Get What You Can Do

Cluster open cluster

The cluster visualization works on the entire data set and isn’t based on a specific parameter.

The Cluster view displays a summary banner at the top showing the following tabs:

  • Total Clusters: Total number of clusters for the selected log records.

  • Potential Issues: Number of clusters that have potential issues based on log records containing words such as error, fatal, exception, and so on.

  • Outliers: Number of clusters that occurred only once during a given time period.

  • Trends: Number of unique trends during the time period. Many clusters may have the same trend. Therefore, clicking this panel shows a cluster from each of the trends.

Clustering uses machine learning to identify the pattern of log records, and then to group the logs that have similar patterns. You can investigate further from each of the tabs based on your requirement. When you click any of the tabs, the histogram view of the cluster changes to display the records for the selected tab.

Clustering helps significantly reduce the total number of log entries that you have to explore, and points out the outliers. See Clusters Visualization.

Link open link

Default Group By field: Log Source.

Optionally, you can select more input parameters for the Group By section for more relevant grouping of the log data. You can also select additional parameters for the Value section.

  • The Groups tab displays a bubble chart that represents the groups formed with the fields used for linking in the commonly seen ranges. The Group By field is plotted along the x-axis, and the group duration is plotted along the y-axis. The size of each bubble in the graph is determined by the number of groups contained in that bubble.

    Trends: Project the time series data using the Link Trend feature.

  • The histogram tab displays the log records or groups in the histogram visualization.

The groups table lists parameters like Log Source, Entity Type, Entity, Count, Start Time, End Time, and Group Duration for each group. If you specified more display fields, they’re included in the table too.

Use the link visualization to perform advanced analysis of log records by combining individual log records from across the sources into groups, based on the fields you selected for linking.

The bubble chart shows the anomalies in the patterns based on the analysis of the groups. You can further examine the anomalies by clicking an individual bubble or select multiple bubbles. To view the details of the groups that correspond to the anomaly, select the anomaly bubble in the chart. You can investigate the anomaly to identify and rectify issues. See Link Visualization.

For some example use cases of link visualization, see Perform Advanced Analytics with Link.

Link by Cluster

Select cluster() to group the log data using the query section and the input parameter for the Group By section for more relevant grouping of the log data.

The Groups tab displays a bubble chart that represents the groups formed with the selected field and the clusters used for linking in the commonly seen ranges. The Group By field is plotted along the x-axis, and the group duration is plotted along the y-axis.

The groups table lists parameters like Entity Type, Cluster Sample, Count, Start Time, End Time, and Group Duration for each group. If you specified more display fields, they’re included in the table too.

Use the combination of link and cluster visualizations to perform this analysis. The machine learning capability of the cluster visualization to identify clusters and potential issues, and the ability of link visualization to group the log records based on the selection of fields are combined to narrow down your analysis to small anomaly groups or potential issues.

You can refine your query and be specific about the output required on the bubble chart. The analysis generates clusters that are grouped based on your selection of the field for analysis. You can investigate the anomalies further to arrive at conclusive decisions of the analysis.

See Link by Cluster.