Sites with multiple routers and networks typically administer their network topology as a single routing domain or an autonomous system (AS). Figure 1–3 shows an AS that is divided into three local networks: 10.0.5.0, 172.20.1.0, and 192.168.5.0.
The network is comprised of the following types of systems:
Router use routing protocols to manage how network packets are directed or routed from their source to their destinations within the local network or to external networks. For information about the routing protocols that are supported in Oracle Solaris and instructions on configuring a system as a router, see Routing Protocols in Configuring an Oracle Solaris 11.2 System as a Router or a Load Balancer .
Types of routers include the following:
Default routers – Manage packet routing in the local network, which itself can include several local networks. For example, in Figure 1–3, Router 1 serves as the default router for 192.168.5. Contemporaneously, Router 1 is also connected to the 10.0.5.0 internal network. Router 2's interfaces connect to the 10.0.5.0 and 172.20.1.0 internal networks.
Packet-forwarding routers – Forward packets between internal networks but do not run routing protocols. In Figure 1–3, Router 3 is a packet-forwarding router with connections to the 172.20.1 and 192.168.5 networks.
Use the following figure as a reference when configuring additional network components.
Figure 1-3 Autonomous System With Multiple IPv4 Routers