Planning for Network Deployment in Oracle® Solaris 11.2

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Updated: July 2014

How Routers Transfer Packets

    Routers transfer packets in the following manner:

  • All nodes on an IP network maintain routing information in routing tables. These tables contain information of how to reach systems that are attached to both local and remote networks. The routing tables are generated from local configuration information and from routing protocol messages that is exchanged with neighboring systems.

  • When a host system initially sends a packet, it looks up the packet's destination address in its routing table to determine if the destination is on the local network. If yes, the packet goes directly to the host with that IP address. If not, the packet goes to a router on the local network.

  • When a router receives a packet, the router checks its routing table to determine if the destination address is for a system on one of it's attached networks or if the message must be forwarded through another router. It then sends the message to the next system in the path to the destination.

  • This process is repeated on each router that receives the message until the message reaches the destination system.

Refer to Chapter 2, Configuring a System as a Router, in Configuring an Oracle Solaris 11.2 System as a Router or a Load Balancer .

The following figure shows a network topology with three networks that are connected by two routers.

Figure 1-4  A Network Topology With Three Interconnected Networks

image:Figure that shows a sample of three networks that are connected by two routers.

Router R1 connects networks and Router R2 connects networks and

    If Host A on network sends a message to Host B on network 192.9.202, the following events occur:

  1. Host A examines its routing tables for the path to The local network address range does not cover this address, but there is a previously learned default route through router R1 that covers the address. Therefore, Host A sends the packet to Router R1.

  2. Router R1 examines its routing tables. No local network's address range covers the destination address, but there is a known route to network through Router R2 that covers the address, Router R1 sends the packet to Router R2.

  3. Router R2 is connected directly to network The routing table lookup reveals that is on the attached network. Router R2 sends the packet directly to Host B.