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Oracle® Fusion Middleware Building Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal
11g Release 1 (11.1.1.8.3)

Part Number E27603-05
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7 Administering a Portal

This chapter describes how to administer an individual portal, including how to take a portal offline, close it, or delete it.

This chapter includes the following topics:

Permissions:

To perform the tasks in this chapter, you must be a portal moderator or member with Manage All or Manage Configuration permission in the portal.

Any user who accesses administration settings for a portal and does not have Manage permission (for example, a user with Participant role, granted permission to edit a page in the portal) will see only the settings available to their role and permissions.

For more information about permissions, see Section 29.1, "About Roles and Permissions for a Portal."

7.1 Accessing Portal Administration

You can access administration settings for a portal in any of the following ways:

The administration settings for a portal are accessible through the links in the left navigation pane to the portal administration pages:

Portal Administration Page Description

Overview

Modify general settings for the portal, such as the title (name) and description, and to perform general actions on the portal, such as closing the portal, adding RSS feeds, or deleting the portal. For more information, see Section 7.2, "Administering Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal."

Settings

Specify settings that define the look and feel of the portal. For more information, see Section 7.3, "Administering Look and Feel Settings for a Portal."

Pages

Create a new portal page or subpage, edit a page, or add a page to the navigation. For more information, see Section 7.4, "Administering All Pages in a Portal."

Assets

Manage the assets for the portal, such as page templates, resource catalogs, skins, and more. For more information, see Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

Attributes

Define custom attributes for the portal. For more information, see Section 7.6, "Administering Attributes in a Portal."

Security

Set security on the portal, such as access level, defining roles and permissions, and managing membership. For more information, see Section 7.7, "Administering Security in a Portal."

Tools and Services

Enable and disable tools and services operating in the portal, such as Announcements, Discussions, Documents, Events, and Lists. For more information, see Section 7.8, "Administering Tools and Services in a Portal."

Subportals

Use this page to manage child portals of the portal. For more information, see Section 7.9, "Administering Subportals in a Portal."

System Pages

Use this page to manage system pages in the portal. For more information, see Section 7.10, "Administering System Pages in a Portal."

Device Settings

Use this page to manage devices and device groups in a device-enabled portal. For more information, see Section 7.11, "Administering Device Settings in a Portal."


7.2 Administering Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal

The Overview page in portal administration allows you to modify general settings for a portal, such as the title (display name) and description, the internal name, and to perform general actions on a portal, such as closing an inactive portal, taking a portal offline to perform maintenance tasks, adding RSS feeds, or deleting the portal. The following sections describe the Overview page tasks:

7.2.1 Accessing the Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal

To access the overview administration settings and actions for a portal:

7.2.2 Changing the Title of a Portal

A portal title displays at the top of the portal and other places where portals are available for selection, such as the Portals page. In prior releases, the title was referred to as the display name.

Note:

Changing the title does not affect the internal name and URL for the portal. To change the internal name of a portal (and consequently the URL that directly accesses the portal), see Section 7.2.4, "Changing the Internal Name of a Portal."

To change the title (display name) of a portal:

  1. On the Overview page in portal administration (see Section 7.2.1, "Accessing the Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal"), under Portal Information, modify the Title as desired (Figure 7-6).

    Figure 7-6 Renaming a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-6 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-6 Renaming a Portal"

    The title that you enter here is the display name that displays at the top of the portal and other places where portals are available for selection, such as the Portals menu and the Portals page. Portal titles can contain alphanumeric characters, underscores, spaces, multibyte characters, and special characters such as & and #. The maximum allowable length is 200 characters. The following reserved keywords are not allowed as the full portal name either in upper or lowercase, or a combination of both—admin, builder, group, groups, home, last, page, pages, my portals, my spaces, portal, portals, space, spaces, system, webcenter, webcenter administration, webcenter portal, webcenter portals, webcenter space, webcenter spaces. These reserved words are allowable as part of a longer name (for example, Sales Group).

    Note:

    WebCenter Portal removes any unsupported special characters (such as -) and character spaces in the display name specified here to derive the initial internal name for the portal. For example, the Title My Mega-Portal generates the internal name MyMegaPortal. The URL to this portal is http://host:port/webcenter/portal/MyMegaPortal.

  2. Click Save.

7.2.3 Modifying the Description or Keywords for a Portal

A portal description appears in the listing of the portal on the Portals page. Keywords are useful to make a portal more easily discoverable in search results.

To change the title (display name), description, or keywords for a portal:

  1. On the Overview page in portal administration (see Section 7.2.1, "Accessing the Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal"), under Portal Info, modify the Description and/or Keywords as desired (Figure 7-7). Separate keywords with a space or comma.

    Figure 7-7 Modifying the Description or Keywords for a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-7 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-7 Modifying the Description or Keywords for a Portal"

  2. Click Save.

7.2.4 Changing the Internal Name of a Portal

If necessary for some purpose, you change the internal name of a portal. It is important to note that when you change the internal name, you are also changing pretty URL that other people use to navigate to the portal. The format of a portal pretty URL is as follows:

http://host:port/webcenter/portal/portalName

For example: http://mycompany:8888/webcenter/portal/philatelists.

This means that when you change the internal name of a portal, existing bookmarks to the portal URL will no longer work. If you wish to simply change the portal title; that is, the display name for the portal, see Section 7.2.2, "Changing the Title of a Portal."

To change the internal name of a portal:

  1. On the Overview page in portal administration (see Section 7.2.1, "Accessing the Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal"), under Portal Details, click Rename next to the portal name (Figure 7-8).

    Figure 7-8 Changing the Internal Name of a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-8 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-8 Changing the Internal Name of a Portal"

  2. In the Rename Portal dialog, enter a new internal name for the portal, then click Rename.

    Note:

    Use only alphanumeric characters for the internal name for a portal.

    The pretty URL that can be entered in a browser to directly access the portal changes to use the new internal name:

    http://host:port/webcenter/portal/newInternalPortalName

7.2.5 Closing or Activating a Portal

By default, a portal is active. You can close a portal that is no longer being actively used. Closing a portal archives its content. When you close a portal, it is removed from everyone's Portals menu and displays in the portal browser only when a user selects Closed from the Show list (Figure 7-9).

Figure 7-9 Show Menu in Portal Browser

Description of Figure 7-9 follows
Description of "Figure 7-9 Show Menu in Portal Browser"

The content of a closed portal remains accessible and searchable to those who still want to reference it and portal members can continue working in the portal either by displaying closed portals on the Portals page, or by pretty URL (http://host:port/webcenter/portal/closedPortalName).

When a portal is closed, any activities performed in the portal are no longer reflected in the Activity Stream in the Home portal. Only the Home page of the closed portal shows activity in the portal.

To close down a portal temporarily, take the portal offline instead. See Section 7.2.6, "Taking a Portal Offline or Online."

To close a portal:

To reactivate the portal, select the Active check box.

Note:

An alternate way to close and reactivate a portal is:

  • From the Portals menu, select Portal Builder to display the Portals page in Portal Builder. Select the portal that you want to close or reactivate, then click the Actions icon in the toolbar and select Close or Activate:

    Actions menu showing Activate and Close actions

7.2.6 Taking a Portal Offline or Online

By default, a portal is online. You can take a portal temporarily offline for maintenance. For example, if you notice inappropriate content, you can take a portal offline to modify its content, then bring it back online. Only the system administrator or portal members with Manage Configuration permission can access a portal that is offline, or bring it back online. Other members see the Portal Unavailable page (see Chapter 8, "Customizing System Pages for a Portal").

To permanently close down a portal that is not being used any more, see Section 7.2.5, "Closing or Activating a Portal."

To take a portal offline:

To bring the portal back online, select the Online check box.

Note:

An alternate way to take a portal offline or bring it back online is:

  • From the Portals menu, select Portal Builder to display the Portals page in Portal Builder. Select the portal that you want to close or reactivate, then click the Actions icon in the toolbar and select Take Offline or Bring Online.

    Actions menu showing Take Offline and Bring Online actions

7.2.7 Enabling or Disabling RSS News Feeds for a Portal

Portal members can find out what is happening in a portal through RSS news feeds. By default, RSS news feeds are disabled. When you enable RSS news feeds within the context of a portal, members can:

  • Monitor recent activities.

  • Track contributions to discussion forums.

  • View announcements.

  • Watch for revisions to lists.

For more information about publishing RSS new feeds, see Chapter 54, "Adding RSS Feeds to a Portal."

To allow members access to portal information through RSS feeds:

To disable RSS feeds for this portal, deselect the Publish RSS check box.

7.2.8 Deleting a Portal

When a portal has been closed or inactive for some time, or it is no longer needed. you can remove it permanently from WebCenter Portal. A portal moderator or member with Manage All permission can delete the portal. Deleting a portal is permanent; it cannot be restored after it is deleted.

When you delete a portal:

  • All pages associated within the portal are deleted.

  • Links, lists, notes, tags, and events) associated with the portal are deleted.

  • Portal roles and membership details are deleted.

  • Content managed by discussions and announcements is deleted, when it is stored in the default forum or category created by the portal. Content managed by nondefault forums or categories is not deleted (for details, see Section 46.3, "Modifying Discussion Forum Settings for a Portal").

  • The portal mail distribution list that is automatically created byWebCenter Portal is deleted. However, distribution lists that are customized by the portal moderator are not deleted (see Section 48.2, "Configuring the Mail Distribution List for a Portal").

  • Content managed by external services, such as content repositories, mail, and so on, is removed.

  • If the portal is a parent in a portal hierarchy, child subportals are deleted too.

To delete a portal:

  1. On the Overview page in portal administration (see Section 7.2.1, "Accessing the Overview Settings and Actions for a Portal"), under Actions, select the Delete this Portal (Figure 7-13).

    Figure 7-13 Deleting a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-13 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-13 Deleting a Portal"

    Note:

    Alternate ways to delete a portal are:

    • From the Portals menu, select Browse Portals to display the Portals page in the Home portal. Locate the portal that you want to delete, then right-click the portal icon or name, and select Delete.

      Actions menu in Portal Browser showing Delete action
    • From the Portals menu, select Portal Builder to display the Portals page in Portal Builder. Select the portal that you want to delete, then click the Actions icon in the toolbar and select Delete.

      Actions menu in Portal Builder showing Delete action
  2. In the confirmation prompt, click Delete to confirm or Cancel to preserve the portal.

If the delete process fails for any reason, the portal is not removed from your Portals tab. This sometimes happens when a back-end server cannot be contacted. If you click Delete again, the portal is removed.

7.3 Administering Look and Feel Settings for a Portal

The Settings page in portal administration allows you to change the appearance of your portal and its pages through setting the page template, skin, navigation, header and footer, copyright and privacy statements, language, icon, and logo. This page also allows you to define the resource catalogs that contain the components you can add to pages and page templates, and specify the behavior when the page is displayed on another device. The following sections describe the Settings page tasks:

7.3.1 Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal

To access the asset, options, icon, and logo settings for a portal:

7.3.2 Changing the Page Template for a Portal

A page template defines how individual pages and groups of pages display on a user's screen. For more information about page templates, see Chapter 21, "Working with Page Templates."

WebCenter Portal provides several out-of-the-box page templates (see Section 21.1.1, "About Built-in Page Templates in WebCenter Portal"). Alternatively, portal designers can create custom page templates to offer more ways to display pages on the screen, as described in Section 21.3, "Creating a Page Template." Within a portal, you can copy or customize an existing page template, as described below and in Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

Each page template works together with a skin to determine the overall look and feel of the pages in your portal. While the page template controls the location and behavior of components on the page, the skin controls the visual appearance of those components, such as the colors, fonts, and various other aspects.

Each page template can define a preferred skin to identify the skin that works best with that page template. When the page template is selected as the default page template for a portal or as the system default, the default skin automatically updates to the page template's preferred skin.

By default, a portal inherits the page template defined for the portal template that you select when you create the portal.

Note:

If the portal template does not specify a page template, the portal uses the default page template specified by the system administrator, as described in the "Choosing a Default Page Template" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

You can optionally select a different page template for an individual portal, overriding the default page template settings. To change the page template for a portal:

  • On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Assets, select a new Page Template (Figure 7-15).

    Figure 7-15 Changing the Page Template for a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-15 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-15 Changing the Page Template for a Portal"

    The page templates that are listed are those that are made available to the portal on the Shared Assets or Assets page (see Section 20.5.3, "Showing and Hiding Assets"). The [system default] selection applies the page template specified as the default for all portals by the system administrator, as described in the "Choosing a Default Page Template" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

    You can add custom page templates for the portal to this list in two ways:

    Note:

    If you create a new page template for a portal, the custom page template is not shown in the Page Template list for subportals of the portal. To set the page template for a subportal to the same page template used by its parent portal, you must use an EL expression. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper.

    To make a custom page template available in the Page Templates list for all portals and subportals, it must be created as a shared asset for all portals (see Section 59.3, "Creating Shared Assets").

    An Expression Editor is available for entering custom values using Expression Language (EL) expression, allowing page template to be determined dynamically based on certain criteria. Click the Expression Editor icon icon next to the Page Template drop-down list, then select Expression Builder to open the editor. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper

    For example: in a subportal, the following EL expression sets the Page Template to the same setting as the parent portal:

    {srmContext.resourceType['siteTemplate'].displayName['parent_page_template'].singleResult}
    

7.3.3 Changing the Skin for a Portal

A skin defines the appearance and look and feel of a portal. For more information about skins, see Chapter 24, "Working with Skins."

WebCenter Portal provides several out-of-the-box skins (see Section 24.1, "About Skins"). Alternatively, portal designers can develop custom skins to reflect a personality, or to incorporate specific branding, as described in Section 24.3, "Creating a Skin." Within a portal, you can copy an existing skin, as described below and in Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

By default, a portal inherits its skin from the default specified for all portals by the system administrator, as described the "Choosing a Default Skin" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

Each page template can define a preferred skin to identify the skin that works best with that page template. When a page template is selected as the new default page template for a portal or as the system default, the default skin automatically updates to the page template's preferred skin.

You can optionally select a different skin for an individual portal, overriding the default skin setting. When you change the skin for a portal, the skin is applied to all the pages of the portal. However, the portal administration pages are not affected. They always appear with the default skin, Fusion FX.

WARNING:

changing the default skin to something other than the preferred skin for the selected default page template may produce unexpected results.

To change the skin for a portal:

  • On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Assets, select a new Skin (Figure 7-16).

    Figure 7-16 Choosing a Skin for a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-16 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-16 Choosing a Skin for a Portal"

    The skins that are listed are those that are made available to the portal on the Shared Assets or Assets page (see Section 20.5.3, "Showing and Hiding Assets"). The [system default] selection applies the skin specified as the default for all portals by the system administrator, as described in the "Choosing a Default Skin" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

    You can add custom skins for the portal to this list by copying an existing skin into a new skin. For more information, see Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

    Note:

    If you create a new skin for a portal, the custom skin is not shown in the Skin list for subportals of the portal. To set the skin for a subportal to the same skin used by its parent portal, you must use an EL expression. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper.

    To make a custom skin available in the Skin list for all portals and subportals, it must be created as a shared asset for all portals (see Section 59.3, "Creating Shared Assets").

    An Expression Editor is available for entering custom values using Expression Language (EL) expression, allowing a skin to be determined dynamically based on certain criteria. Click the Expression Editor icon icon next to the Skin drop-down list, then select Expression Builder to open the editor. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper

7.3.4 Changing the Navigation for a Portal

Navigation enables portal members to see what information the portal provides and to get to that information quickly and easily. For more information about portal navigation, see Chapter 22, "Working with Portal Navigation."

The navigation for a portal is part of the portal definition, including the portal page and security information. Therefore, as shown in Figure 7-17, it is not possible to change the navigation for a portal outside of the portal editor. To edit the navigation for a portal, see Section 22.2.1, "Editing the Portal Default Navigation Model in the Portal Editor." To alter the way in which the navigation displays (for example, in a side pane, or in tabs along the top of the portal), see Section 7.3.2, "Changing the Page Template for a Portal."

Figure 7-17 Default Navigation for a Portal

Description of Figure 7-17 follows
Description of "Figure 7-17 Default Navigation for a Portal"

7.3.5 Changing the Resource Catalogs for Pages and the Page Template for a Portal

When you edit a page or page template in a portal, the resource catalog lists items that you can select to add to the page or page template. For more information about resource catalogs, see Chapter 23, "Working with Resource Catalogs."

WebCenter Portal provides two out-of-the-box resource catalogs for pages and the page template in a portal:

  • Default Portal Catalog for editing individual pages and task flows in a portal.

  • Default Page Template Catalog for editing page templates.

For more information, see Section 23.1, "About Resource Catalogs."

Alternatively, portal designers can develop custom resource catalogs, as described in Section 23.4, "Creating a Resource Catalog." Within a portal, you can create a new resource catalog from scratch or copy an existing resource catalog into a new resource catalog, as described below and in Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

You can optionally select different resource catalogs for the portal, overriding the Added inline graphic icon, which can be seen in figure above settings.

To change the resource catalogs used to edit pages or the page template in a portal:

  • On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Assets, select a new resource catalog from the Resource Catalog for Pages or Resource Catalog for Page Templates lists (Figure 7-18).

    Figure 7-18 Choosing a Resource Catalog for a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-18 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-18 Choosing a Resource Catalog for a Portal"

    The [system default] selection applies the navigation models specified as the default for all portals by the system administrator, as described in the "Choosing Default Resource Catalogs" section in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

    You can add custom resource catalogs for the portal to this list by creating a new resource catalog from scratch or by copying an existing resource catalog into a new resource catalog. For more information, see Section 7.5, "Administering All Assets in a Portal."

    Note:

    If you create a new resource catalog for a portal, the custom resource catalog is not shown in the Resource Catalog lists for subportals of the portal. To set the resource catalogs for a subportal to the same resource catalogs used by its parent portal, you must use an EL expression. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper.

    To make a custom resource catalog available in the Resource Catalog lists for all portals and subportals, it must be created as a shared asset for all portals (see Section 59.3, "Creating Shared Assets").

    An Expression Editor is available for entering custom values using Expression Language (EL) expression, allowing the resource catalog to be determined dynamically based on certain criteria. Click the Expression Editor icon icon next to the Resource Catalog drop-down list, then select Expression Builder to open the editor. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper

7.3.6 Setting Page Behavior for a Portal When No Page Variant Exists

Page variants are alternative views of an existing page for specific device groups to target specific device size and characteristics. The base page and the page variant have the same URL, security, parameters, and so on.

When using a device (such as a smart phone, tablet, or desktop browser) in a device group that does not have a page variant defined, and the device group is not the default device group for the portal, the page fallback setting determines how to render the page when it is viewed on that device. As the portal moderator, you can set the page fallback behavior for all pages in the portal. To override the portal-level setting for an individual page, see Section 13.10, "Setting Page Behavior for a Specific Page When No Page Variant Exists."

This setting is honored based on the following rules:

  • If the request is from a device in the default device group for the portal, then the default (base) page will be displayed no matter what is set for Page Fallback. The default setting always overrides the Page Fallback setting. See Section 9.3.3, "Setting a Default Device Group."

    Note:

    This means that even if there is a page variant for the device group, the default (base) page will be displayed.

  • If the request is from a device that is not in the default device group for the portal, then:

    • If there is a page variant for that device group, the page variant is displayed on the device.

    • If no page variant exists for the device group, then the Page Fallback setting is used by the device

See Also:

At the application-level, your system administrator performs the following tasks described in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal:

To set the fallback behavior for all pages in the portal when displayed on a device in a device group that does not have a page variant defined, and the device group is not the default device group for the portal:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Devices, select the required Page Fallback setting (Figure 7-19):

    • Display default page to display the original base page on the device.

    • Display no page to display the Page Not Available page on the device.

    Figure 7-19 Setting Page Fallback Behavior When No Page Variant Exists for Current Device

    Description of Figure 7-19 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-19 Setting Page Fallback Behavior When No Page Variant Exists for Current Device"

  2. Click Save.

Note:

A portal member with the Basic Services: Edit Page Access, Structure, and Content permission can override the default setting by changing the fallback behavior for the individual page, as described in Section 13.10, "Setting Page Behavior for a Specific Page When No Page Variant Exists."

7.3.7 Displaying or Hiding a Page Footer in a Portal

A page footer can display copyright details for the portal and a link to its Privacy Statement.

To display or hide a page footer for a portal:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Options, select the Footer check box to display a page footer (Figure 7-20), or deselect the check box to hide the page footer.

    Figure 7-20 Displaying or Hiding the Page Footer in a Portal

    Description of Figure 7-20 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-20 Displaying or Hiding the Page Footer in a Portal"

  2. Click Save.

7.3.8 Customizing the Copyright Statement and Privacy URL in a Portal

When enabled, the copyright statements and URL to the privacy statement specific to the portal display in the page footer of the portal (Figure 7-21 and Figure 7-22):

Figure 7-21 WebCenter Portal Copyright Statement

Description of Figure 7-21 follows
Description of "Figure 7-21 WebCenter Portal Copyright Statement"

Figure 7-22 WebCenter Portal Privacy URL in Page Footer

Description of Figure 7-22 follows
Description of "Figure 7-22 WebCenter Portal Privacy URL in Page Footer"

To customize the copyright statement and privacy URL for a portal:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Options, select Footer to display the area at the bottom of the portal for the copyright statement and privacy URL (Figure 7-23). Deselect the check box to hide the page footer, including the copyright statement and privacy URL.

    Figure 7-23 Customizing the Copyright Statement and Privacy URL

    Description of Figure 7-23 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-23 Customizing the Copyright Statement and Privacy URL"

  2. In the Copyright and Privacy URL fields, enter appropriate values.

  3. Click Save.

7.3.9 Setting a Portal Display Language

You can optionally set a portal display language to control the language in which the user interface (UI) elements of a particular portal render in WebCenter Portal. UI elements include button and field labels, application links, screen text, and so on.

For more information about working with languages in WebCenter Portal, and the different levels at which a display language can be set, see Chapter 61, "Translating Portals Into Other Languages."

Within the scope of viewing a portal, the portal display language setting is given precedence over all other language settings. For example, if a portal named Sales Team has its display language set to English, and Monica (a member of Sales Team) has set her personal user preference language (on her Preferences page) to Dutch, assuming no other language settings are in effect:

  • Monica views the Sales Team portal in English, and cannot change this language setting.

  • Monica views other parts of WebCenter Portal, outside the Sales Team portal, in Dutch.

Note:

If you create a portal based on a portal template that is defined to use a specific language, that language setting is not inherited by the portal. Instead, the initial language setting for a new portal is based on the order of precedence described in Section 61.1.2, "Display Language Precedence.".

To set a portal display language:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Options, select a language for the portal from the Default Language list (Figure 7-24).

    Figure 7-24 Setting the Portal Display Language

    Description of Figure 7-24 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-24 Setting the Portal Display Language "

  2. An Expression Editor is available for entering custom values using Expression Language (EL) expression, allowing the language to be determined dynamically based on certain criteria. Click the Expression Editor icon icon next to the Language drop-down list, then select Expression Builder to open the editor. If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper

  3. To customize the languages displayed in the Default Language list, click Customize. For example, your WebCenter Portal application might be available in 27 different languages, but you may only need to display the content in your portal in three or four different languages, so you could filter the list to display a subset of languages.

7.3.10 Changing the Portal Icon

The portal icon displays alongside the portal display name in menus and smaller areas. For example, it may display on the Portals menu (Figure 7-25) at the top of the portal (Figure 7-26), or on the Portals page in Portal Builder (Figure 7-27).

Figure 7-25 Portal Icon in Portals Menu

Description of Figure 7-25 follows
Description of "Figure 7-25 Portal Icon in Portals Menu"

Figure 7-26 Portal Icon at Top of Portal

Description of Figure 7-26 follows
Description of "Figure 7-26 Portal Icon at Top of Portal"

Figure 7-27 Portal Icon on Portals Page in Portal Builder

Description of Figure 7-27 follows
Description of "Figure 7-27 Portal Icon on Portals Page in Portal Builder"

A default icon is provided by the template used when you create the portal, but you can assign a different icon if desired.

To change the portal icon:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Icon and Logo, click Change next to the current portal icon t(Figure 7-28) o open the Select an Icon dialog (Figure 7-29).

    Figure 7-28 Changing the Portal Icon

    Description of Figure 7-28 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-28 Changing the Portal Icon"

    Figure 7-29 Select Icon Dialog

    Description of Figure 7-29 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-29 Select Icon Dialog"

  2. In the Select Icon dialog, either:

    • Select Upload image, then Browse to navigate to the icon you want to use.

    • Select Enter URL to image, then enter the URL to an icon image (beginning with http://).

    The icon image file can be up to 150 KB. Supported file formats are .gif or .GIF, .png or .PNG, and .jpg or .JPG. If the file is not uploading, check the size of the file you are trying to upload. The file name must contain alphanumeric characters only.

  3. Click OK.

7.3.11 Changing the Portal Logo

The portal logo displays alongside the portal name in larger areas. For example, it may display on the Portals page in the Home portal (portal browser) (Figure 7-30).

Figure 7-30 Portal Logo on Portals Page in the Home Portal (Portal Browser)

Description of Figure 7-30 follows
Description of "Figure 7-30 Portal Logo on Portals Page in the Home Portal (Portal Browser)"

A default logo is provided by the template used when you create the portal, but you can assign a different logo if desired.

To change a portal logo:

  1. On the Settings page in portal administration (see Section 7.3.1, "Accessing Look and Feel Settings for a Portal"), under Icon and Logo, click Change next to the current portal logo (Figure 7-31) to open the Select a Logo dialog (Figure 7-32).

    Figure 7-31 Changing the Portal Logo

    Description of Figure 7-31 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-31 Changing the Portal Logo"

    Figure 7-32 Select a Logo Dialog

    Description of Figure 7-32 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-32 Select a Logo Dialog"

  2. In the Select Logo dialog, either:

    • Select Upload image, then Browse to navigate to the logo you want to use.

    • Select Enter URL to image, then enter the URL to a logo image (beginning with http://).

    The logo image file can be up to 150 KB. Supported file formats are .gif or .GIF, .png or .PNG, and .jpg or .JPG. If the file is not uploading, check the size of the file you are trying to upload. The file name must contain alphanumeric characters only.

  3. Click OK.

7.4 Administering All Pages in a Portal

Permissions:

To administer pages in a portal, you must be a portal moderator or have a custom role that includes at least both of the following permissions in the portal:

  • Administration: Manage Configuration

  • Basic Services: Edit Page Access and Structure

For more information about permissions, see Section 29.1, "About Roles and Permissions for a Portal."

The Pages page in portal administration allows you to create pages and subpages in the current portal, as well as add and manage pages and other navigation items to the portal navigation. The following sections describe the Pages page tasks:

7.4.1 Accessing Pages Administration for a Portal

To access the pages administration for a portal:

7.4.2 Working with Portal Pages (from Portal Administration)

As an application specialist, portal moderator, or member with Manage Configuration permission in the portal, you can manage all the pages of a portal. The tasks are the same as those that can be performed in the portal editor by portal members with the portal-level Basic Services: Edit Page Access, Structure, and Content permission.

From the Pages page in portal administration (see Section 7.4.1, "Accessing Pages Administration for a Portal"), you can perform the following tasks:

7.5 Administering All Assets in a Portal

The Assets page in portal administration allows you to manage the assets for the portal, such as page templates, resource catalogs, and skins. The following sections describe the Assets page tasks:

7.5.1 Accessing Assets Administration for a Portal

To access the assets administration for a portal:

7.5.2 Working with Assets in Portal Administration

See Part IV, "Working with Portal Assets."

7.6 Administering Attributes in a Portal

The Attributes page in portal administration allows you to define custom attributes for the portal. The following sections describe the Attributes page tasks:

7.6.1 Accessing Attributes Administration for a Portal

To access the attributes administration for a portal:

7.6.2 Working with Attributes in Portal Administration

This section contains the following topics:

7.6.2.1 About Portal Attributes

Every portal includes built-in attributes such as name, description, date created, icon, and so on. In addition to these built-in attributes, you can add custom attributes that are unique to the portal and its characteristics to specify additional portal information (metadata). Custom attributes are propagated throughout the portal.

In addition to portal-specific attributes, system administrators can define global custom attributes, which are available for use by any portal, as described in the "Working with Global Attributes Across Portals" chapter in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal.

A custom attribute is simply a name value pair (such as customerId=400, orderId=11, or userName=Smith). The custom attribute name is unique within a portal. For example, if you build a portal for customer analysis purposes, it might contain several custom task flows that take the parameter customerId as an input: task flows such as Customer Sales History, Customer Satisfaction Rating, Future Sales Prospects, or Customer Contact Information. With a custom attribute defined named customerId with an appropriate value, all the task flows that can accept a customerId can display information specific to that customer.

A custom attribute can also be retrieved using Expression Language (EL) expressions. For example, an EL expression may read a value that is passed in through the URL that displays a portal (for example, customerid=10). Any portal pages, task flows, or portlets that deliver customized content based on parameter values can accept global custom attribute values and display content accordingly using the following Expression Language (EL) syntax to access the global custom attribute value:

  • For portal-specific attributes:

    #{spaceContext.currentSpace.metadata.customAttributes[attributeName]} 
    
  • For global attributes:

    #{WCAppContext.application.applicationConfig.customAttributes[attributeName]
    

For more information, see Section 19.4, "Passing Parameter Values Through the Page URL." If you need EL assistance, an application developer can provide an EL expression; see the "Expression Language Expressions" appendix in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Portals with Oracle WebCenter Portal and Oracle JDeveloper.

When you create a new portal that is based on a portal template that includes custom attributes, the new portal inherits the template's custom attributes and their values. You can enter new values for the attributes when you create the new portal.

7.6.2.2 Adding a Portal Attribute

To add a custom attribute for a portal:

  1. On the Attributes page (see Section 7.6.1, "Accessing Attributes Administration for a Portal"), click Add Attribute (Figure 7-37).

    Figure 7-37 Portal Administration: Add Attribute

    Description of Figure 7-37 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-37 Portal Administration: Add Attribute"

    The Add Attribute dialog opens (Figure 7-38).

    Figure 7-38 Entering Custom Attribute Name and Value

    Description of Figure 7-38 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-38 Entering Custom Attribute Name and Value"

  2. Enter a unique Name for the attribute. Valid names start with an alphabetic character and contain only alphanumeric characters.

  3. Enter a Value for the custom attribute. The value you type is treated as a string value.

  4. Click Add to save the custom attribute and display it in the list on the Attributes page.

7.6.2.3 Editing a Portal Attribute

To edit a custom attribute for a portal:

  1. On the Attributes page (see Section 7.6.1, "Accessing Attributes Administration for a Portal"), click the Actions icon for the attribute and select Edit Attribute.

  2. In the Edit Attribute dialog, modify the attribute Value. The value you type is treated as a string value.

  3. Click OK to save your changes.

7.6.2.4 Deleting a Portal Attribute

To delete a global attribute:

  1. On the Attributes page (see Section 7.6.1, "Accessing Attributes Administration for a Portal"), click the Actions icon for the attribute and select Delete Attribute.

  2. In the confirmation dialog, click Delete.

7.7 Administering Security in a Portal

Permissions:

To administer security in a portal, you must be a portal moderator or have a custom role that includes both of the following permissions in the portal:

  • Administration: Manage Configuration

  • Administration: Manage Membership

For more information about permissions, see Section 29.1, "About Roles and Permissions for a Portal."

The Security page in portal administration allows you to set security on the portal, such as access level, defining roles and permissions, and managing membership. The following sections describe the Security page tasks:

7.7.1 Accessing Security Administration for a Portal

To access the security administration for a portal:

7.7.2 Changing the Access to a Portal

Access to a portal is defined when the portal is created (see Section 2.1, "About Creating a New Portal"). This access can be changed to make the portal more visible or less visible.

To change the access to a portal:

  1. On the Security page (see Section 7.7.1, "Accessing Security Administration for a Portal"), click the Access subtab and select how you want the portal to be exposed:

    Figure 7-40 Security Page for a Portal: Access Subpage

    Description of Figure 7-40 follows
    Description of "Figure 7-40 Security Page for a Portal: Access Subpage"

    • Public: Anyone can visit the portal, whether they are a registered WebCenter Portal user or not. When this setting is selected, the Public-User role in the portal is automatically granted View Pages and Content permission in the portal, which allows public users to view pages, lists, events, links, and notes. To grant public users permissions to view announcements, discussions, and documents, you need to grant these permissions, as described in Section 4.5, "Granting Public Access to a Portal."

    • Private: To access the portal, membership is required (either through invitation or self-registration if enabled). The portal will be shown in the list of available portals on the Portals page and will appear in search results.

    • Hidden: To access the portal, membership is required (through invitation). The portal will not be shown in the list of available portals on the Portals page and will not appear in search results.

  2. Click Save.

7.7.3 Managing Roles and Permissions in a Portal

To manage the roles for assigning permissions in a portal:

  1. On the Security page (see Section 7.7.1, "Accessing Security Administration for a Portal"), click the Roles subtab.

  2. To work with portal roles, refer to Chapter 29, "Managing Roles and Permissions for a Portal."

7.7.4 Managing Members in a Portal

To manage the membership in a portal:

  1. On the Security page (see Section 7.7.1, "Accessing Security Administration for a Portal"), click the Members subtab.

  2. To work with portal membership, refer to Chapter 30, "Managing Members and Assigning Roles in a Portal."

7.8 Administering Tools and Services in a Portal

The Tools and Services page in portal administration allows you to enable and disable tools and services operating in the portal, such as Announcements, Discussions, Documents, Events, and Lists. The following sections describe the Tools and Services page tasks:

7.8.1 Accessing Tools and Services Administration for a Portal

To access the tools and services administration for a portal:

7.8.2 Working with Tools and Services in Portal Administration

Most tools and services configuration is the responsibility of the system administrator, who configures and maintains connections to make the tools and services available in WebCenter Portal, as described in the "Managing Tools and Services" chapter in Oracle Fusion Middleware Administering Oracle WebCenter Portal. Also see

You can check the Tools and Services page for a portal to see which tools and services are available, and enable or disable as required. If not shown on the Tools and Services page, then the system administrator has not configured that tool or service connection. When you enable a tool or service in a portal, you are automatically granted Manage permissions on that tool or service.

To work with the tools and service for a portal, see Part VII, "Working with Portal Tools and Services."

7.9 Administering Subportals in a Portal

The Subportals page in portal administration allows you to manage the subportals of the current parent portal. The following sections describe the Subportals page tasks:

7.9.1 Accessing Subportals Administration for a Portal

To access the subportals administration for a portal:

7.9.2 Working with Subportals in Portal Administration

To work with the subportals of the current parent portal, see Chapter 5, "Working with Subportals."

7.10 Administering System Pages in a Portal

The System Pages page in portal administration allows you to customize the system pages for a portal. The following sections describe the System Pages page tasks:

7.10.1 Accessing System Pages Administration for a Portal

To access the system pages administration for a portal:

7.10.2 Working with System Pages in Portal Administration

To work with the system pages for a portal, see Chapter 8, "Customizing System Pages for a Portal."

7.11 Administering Device Settings in a Portal

The Device Settings page in portal administration allows you to control how portals render on different kinds of devices including desktop browsers, smart phones, and tablets.The following sections describe the Device Settings page tasks:

7.11.1 Accessing Device Settings Administration for a Portal

To access the device settings administration for a portal:

7.11.2 Working with Device Settings in Portal Administration

To work with device settings for a portal, see Chapter 9, "Managing Device Groups for a Portal."