Managing Kerberos and Other Authentication Services in Oracle® Solaris 11.2

Exit Print View

Updated: August 2014

How Kerberos Credentials Provide Access to Services

Remote services allow you access if you can provide a ticket that proves your identity, and a matching session key. The session key contains information that is specific to the user and the service that is being accessed. A ticket and session key are created by the KDC for all users when they first log in. The ticket and the matching session key form a credential. While using multiple networking services, a user can gather many credentials. The user needs to have a credential for each service that runs on a particular server. For example, access to the nfs service on a server named boston requires one credential. Access to the nfs service on another server requires a separate credential.

To access a specific service on a specific server, the user must obtain two credentials. The first credential is for the ticket-granting ticket (TGT). Once the ticket-granting service has decrypted this credential, the service creates a second credential for the server that the user is requesting access to. This second credential can then be used to request access to the service on the server. After the server has successfully decrypted the second credential, then the user is given access.

The process of creating and storing the credentials is transparent. Credentials are created by the KDC that sends the credential to the requester. When received, the credential is stored in a credential cache.