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Oracle® Developer Studio 12.5: Debugging a Program with dbx

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Updated: June 2016

Using Runtime Checking on a Child Process

To use runtime checking on a child process, you must have the dbxenv variable rtc_inherit set to on. By default, it is set to off.

dbx supports runtime checking of a child process if runtime checking is enabled for the parent and the dbxenv variable follow_fork_mode is set to child.

When a fork happens, dbx automatically performs runtime checking on the child. If the program calls exec(), the runtime checking settings of the program calling exec() are passed on to the program.

At any given time, only one process can be under runtime checking control, as shown in the following example.

% cat -n program1.c
     1 #include <sys/types.h>
     2 #include <unistd.h>
     3 #include <stdio.h>
     5 int
     6 main()
     7 {
     8      pid_t child_pid;
     9      int parent_i, parent_j;
    11      parent_i = parent_j;
    13      child_pid = fork();
    15      if (child_pid == -1) {
    16          printf("parent: Fork failed\n");
    17          return 1;
    18      } else if (child_pid == 0) {
    19          int child_i, child_j;
    21          printf("child: In child\n");
    22          child_i = child_j;
    23          if (execl("./program2", NULL) == -1) {
    24              printf("child: exec of program2 failed\n");
    25              exit(1);
    26          }
    27      } else {
    28          printf("parent: child’s pid = %d\n", child_pid);
    29      }
    30      return 0;
    31 }
 % cat -n program2.c
     2 #include <stdio.h>
     4 main()
     5 {
     6      int program2_i, program2_j;
     8      printf ("program2: pid = %d\n", getpid());
     9      program2_i = program2_j;
    11      malloc(8);
    13      return 0;
    14 }
 % cc -g -o program1 program1.c
 % cc -g -o program2 program2.c
 % dbx -C program1
 Reading symbolic information for program1
 Reading symbolic information for rtld /usr/lib/ld.so.1
 Reading symbolic information for librtc.so
 Reading symbolic information for libc.so.1
 Reading symbolic information for libdl.so.1
 Reading symbolic information for libc_psr.so.1
 (dbx) check -all
 access checking - ON
 memuse checking - ON
 (dbx) dbxenv rtc_inherit on
 (dbx) dbxenv follow_fork_mode child
 (dbx) run
 Running: program1
 (process id 3885)
 Enabling Error Checking... done
RTC reports first error in the parent, program1
 Read from uninitialized (rui):
 Attempting to read 4 bytes at address 0xeffff110
     which is 104 bytes above the current stack pointer
 Variable is ’parent_j’
 Current function is main
   11       parent_i = parent_j;
(dbx) cont
 dbx: warning: Fork occurred; error checking disabled in parent
 detaching from process 3885
 Attached to process 3886
Because follow_fork_mode is set to child, when the fork occurs error checking is switched from the parent
to the child process
 stopped in _fork at 0xef6b6040
 0xef6b6040: _fork+0x0008:    bgeu    _fork+0x30
 Current function is main
    13       child_pid = fork();
 parent: child’s pid = 3886
 (dbx) cont
 child: In child
 Read from uninitialized (rui):
 Attempting to read 4 bytes at address 0xeffff108
     which is 96 bytes above the current stack pointer
RTC reports an error in the child
 Variable is ’child_j’
 Current function is main
    22       child_i = child_j;
 (dbx) cont
 dbx: process 3886 about to exec("./program2")
 dbx: program "./program2" just exec’ed
 dbx: to go back to the original program use "debug $oprog"
 Reading symbolic information for program2
 Skipping ld.so.1, already read
 Skipping librtc.so, already read
 Skipping libc.so.1, already read
 Skipping libdl.so.1, already read
 Skipping libc_psr.so.1, already read
When the exec of program2 occurs, the RTC settings are inherited by program2 so access and memory use checking
are enabled for that process
 Enabling Error Checking... done
 stopped in main at line 8 in file "program2.c"
     8       printf ("program2: pid = %d\n", getpid());
(dbx) cont
 program2: pid = 3886
 Read from uninitialized (rui):
 Attempting to read 4 bytes at address 0xeffff13c
     which is 100 bytes above the current stack pointer
RTC reports an access error in the executed program, program2
 Variable is ’program2_j’
 Current function is main
     9       program2_i = program2_j;
 (dbx) cont
 Checking for memory leaks...
RTC prints a memory use and  memory leak report for the process that exited while under RTC control, program2
Actual leaks report   (actual leaks:      1  total size:   8

 Total      Num of  Leaked     Allocation call stack
 Size       Blocks  Block
==========  ====== ========== ====================================
         8       1    0x20c50  main
 Possible leaks report  (possible leaks:   0  total size:   0

 execution completed, exit code is 0