The Oracle Solaris 11 software is distributed as IPS packages and many applications are available as IPS packages. After you install the OS, you can access package repositories to install additional or updated software packages on your system. With IPS commands, you can list, search, install, update, and remove software packages.
Software management includes the following components:
IPS command-line utilities – IPS includes pkg commands that install and manage packages from the command line. IPS commands also enable you to manage package publishers and copy or create package repositories.
IPS repositories – An IPS repository is a location from which you can install software packages.