Managing Network Virtualization and Network Resources in Oracle® Solaris 11.2

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Updated: September 2014

Overview of Monitoring Network Traffic Statistics of Datalinks and Flows

Packets traverse a path when they flow into or out of a system. On a granular level, packets are received and transmitted through receive (Rx) rings and transmit (Tx) rings of a NIC. Inbound packets from these rings are passed up the network stack for further processing while outbound packets are sent to the network.

You can combine and allocate system resources to manage the network traffic. You can monitor the receive-side and transmit-side network traffic statistics for both datalinks and flows. This chapter focuses primarily on receive-side network traffic statistics on datalinks and flows.

You can configure receive rings, transmit rings, and other resources on datalinks by setting datalink properties. Depending on the network traffic on a datalink, you can assign dedicated hardware rings to a datalink to increase the system's efficiency to process packets. For example, you can allocate more rings to a datalink, where the network traffic is most heavy. For more information about how to allocate hardware rings to a datalink, see Configuring Clients and Allocating Rings.

A datalink might not have dedicated hardware rings because of the following reasons:

  • Lack of hardware resources. For example, there might not be rings available that can be exclusively assigned to datalinks.

  • Lack of hardware capabilities. For example, the NIC does not expose hardware rings.

  • The datalink might not be tied to a lower hardware datalink. For example, when you create VNICs over etherstubs.

Some datalinks might be configured to share rings for the following reasons:

  • The datalink might not be performing intensive processes that require dedicated rings.

  • The NIC might not support ring allocation.

  • The rings are no longer available to be assigned for exclusive use although the datalink supports ring allocation.

The following figure shows the allocation of hardware rings among datalinks.

Figure 8-1  Ring Allocation in Datalinks

image:The figure shows the allocation of hardware rings among datalinks.

The figure shows the following configuration:

  • The net0 datalink has 16 hardware rings (0-15) that can be allocated to other datalinks.

  • The VNICs vnic1, vnic2, vnic3, and vnic4 are configured over the datalink net0.

  • The VNICs vnic1, vnic2, and vnic3 are each assigned four dedicated hardware rings.

  • The hardware rings (0-3) are shared between the datalink net0 and the VNIC vnic4. The following example shows the ring allocation for the physical datalink net0.

    # dladm show-phys -H net0
    LINK         RINGTYPE  RINGS                CLIENTS
    net0         RX        0-3                  <default,mcast>,vnic4
    net0         RX        4-7                  vnic1
    net0         RX        8-11                 vnic2
    net0         RX        12-15                vnic3
    net0         TX        0-7                  <default>,vnic4,vnic3,vnic2,vnic1
  • You use the dlstat show-phys command to display the network traffic statistics for the physical datalink net0. See Example 8–1.

  • You use the dlstat show-link command to display the network traffic statistics for the datalinks net0, vnic1, vnic2, vnic3, and vnic4. See Example 8–7.