The rcapd daemon repeatedly samples the resource utilization of projects and zones that have physical memory caps. When the system's physical memory utilization exceeds the threshold for cap enforcement, and other conditions are met, the daemon takes action to reduce the resource consumption of projects and zones with memory to levels at or below the caps.
The virtual memory system divides physical memory into segments known as pages. Pages are the fundamental unit of physical memory in the Oracle Solaris memory management subsystem. To read data from a file into memory, the virtual memory system reads in one page at a time, or pages in a file. To reduce resource consumption, the rcapd daemon can page out, or relocate, infrequently used pages to a swap device, which is an area outside of physical memory.
The rcapd daemon manages physical memory by regulating the size of a project workload's resident set relative to the size of its working set. The resident set is the set of pages that are resident in physical memory. The working set is the set of pages that the workload actively uses during its processing cycle. The working set changes over time, depending on the process's mode of operation and the type of data being processed. Ideally, every workload has access to enough physical memory to enable its working set to remain resident. However, the working set can also include the use of secondary disk storage to hold the memory that does not fit in physical memory.
Only one instance of rcapd can run at any given time.