Oracle® Solaris Cluster 4.2 Hardware Administration Manual

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Updated: July 2014, E39726–01

Configuring VLANs as Private Interconnect Networks

Oracle Solaris Cluster software supports the use of private interconnect networks over switch-based virtual local area networks (VLANs). In a switch-based VLAN environment, Oracle Solaris Cluster software enables multiple clusters and nonclustered systems to share an Ethernet transport junction (switch) in two different configurations.

Note - Even if clusters share the same switch, create a separate VLAN for each cluster.

By default, Oracle Solaris Cluster uses the same set of IP addresses on the private interconnect. Creating a separate VLAN for each cluster ensures that IP traffic from one cluster does not interfere with IP traffic from another cluster. Unless you have customized the default IP address for the private interconnect, as described in How to Change the Private Network Address or Address Range of an Existing Cluster in Oracle Solaris Cluster System Administration Guide , create a separate VLAN for each cluster.

The implementation of switch-based VLAN environments is vendor-specific. Because each switch manufacturer implements VLAN differently, the following guidelines address Oracle Solaris Cluster software requirements with regard to configuring VLANs with cluster interconnects.

  • You must understand your capacity needs before you set up a VLAN configuration. You must know the minimum bandwidth necessary for your interconnect and application traffic.

    For the best results, set the Quality of Service (QOS) level for each VLAN to accommodate basic cluster traffic and the desired application traffic. Ensure that the bandwidth that is allocated to each VLAN extends from node to node.

    To determine the basic cluster traffic requirements, use the following equation. In this equation, n equals the number of nodes in the configuration, and s equals the number of switches per VLAN.

    n (s-1) x 10Mb
  • The use of two cluster interconnects provides higher availability than one interconnect. If the number of available adapter ports is limited, you can use tagged VLANs to share the same adapter with both the private and public network. For more information, see the guidelines for tagged VLAN adapters in Transport Adapters in Oracle Solaris Cluster Software Installation Guide .

  • Interconnect traffic must be placed in the highest-priority queue.

  • All ports must be equally serviced, similar to a round robin or first-in, first-out model.

  • You must verify that you have correctly configured your VLANs to prevent path timeouts.

The first VLAN configuration enables nodes from multiple clusters to send interconnect traffic across one pair of Ethernet transport junctions. Oracle Solaris Cluster software requires a minimum of one transport junction, and each transport junction must be part of a VLAN that is located on a different switch. The following figure is an example of the first VLAN configuration in a two-node cluster. VLAN configurations are not limited to two-node clusters.

Figure 3-3  First VLAN Configuration

image:Illustration: The preceding context describes the graphic.

The second VLAN configuration uses the same transport junctions for the interconnect traffic of multiple clusters. However, the second VLAN configuration has two pairs of transport junctions that are connected by links. This configuration enables VLANs to be supported in a campus cluster configuration with the same restrictions as other campus cluster configurations. The following figure illustrates the second VLAN configuration.

Figure 3-4  Second VLAN Configuration

image:Illustration: The preceding context describes the graphic.