admin - installation defaults file
admin is a generic name for an ASCII file that defines default installation actions by assigning values to installation parameters. For example, it allows administrators to define how to proceed when the package being installed already exists on the system.
/var/sadm/install/admin/default is the default admin file delivered with this release. The default file is not writable, so to assign values different from this file, create a new admin file. There are no naming restrictions for admin files. Name the file when installing a package with the –a option of pkgadd(1M). If the –a option is not used, the default admin file is used.
Each entry in the admin file is a line that establishes the value of a parameter in the following form:
All of the parameters listed below can be defined in an admin file, but it is not required to assign values to all of these. If a value is not assigned, pkgadd(1M) asks the installer how to proceed.
The valid parameters and their possible values are shown below except as noted. They can be specified in any order. Any of these parameters (except the mail and proxy parameters) can be assigned the value ask, which means that, when the parameter is reached during the installation sequence, the installer is notified and asked to supply instructions (see NOTES).
Indicates the base directory where relocatable packages are to be installed. If there is no basedir entry in the file, the installer will be prompted for a path name, as if the file contained the entry basedir=ask. This parameter can also be set to default (entry is basedir=default). In this instance, the package is installed into the base directory specified by the BASEDIR parameter in the pkginfo(4) file.
Defines a list of users to whom mail should be sent following installation of a package. If the list is empty, no mail is sent. If the parameter is not present in the admin file, the default value of root is used. The ask value cannot be used with this parameter.
Indicates resolution if the run level is not correct for the installation or removal of a package. Options are:
Do not check for run level.
Abort installation if run level is not met.
Specifies what to do if an installation expects to overwrite a previously installed file, thus creating a conflict between packages. Options are:
Do not check for conflict; files in conflict will be overwritten.
Abort installation if conflict is detected.
Override installation of conflicting files; they will not be installed.
Checks for executables which will have setuid or setgid bits enabled after installation. Options are:
Do not check for setuid executables.
Abort installation if setuid processes are detected.
Override installation of setuid processes; processes will be installed without setuid bits enabled.
Determines if action scripts provided by package developers contain possible security impact. Options are:
Ignore security impact of action scripts.
Abort installation if action scripts may have a negative security impact.
Checks to see if a version of the package is already partially installed on the system. Options are:
Do not check for a partially installed package.
Abort installation if a partially installed package exists.
Determines how to handle installation if a previous version of the package (including a partially installed instance) already exists. Options are:
Exit without installing if an instance of the package already exists (does not overwrite existing packages).
Overwrite an existing package if only one instance exists. If there is more than one instance, but only one has the same architecture, it overwrites that instance. Otherwise, the installer is prompted with existing instances and asked which to overwrite.
Do not overwrite an existing instance of a package. Instead, a new instance of the package is created. The new instance will be assigned the next available instance identifier.
Controls resolution if the package to be installed depends on other packages and if other packages depend on the one to be installed. Options are:
Do not check package dependencies.
Abort installation if package dependencies are not met.
Controls resolution if other packages depend on the package to be removed. Also determines behavior if registered products components to be removed. Options are:
Do not check package or product dependencies.
Abort removal if package or product dependencies are not met.
Controls resolution if disk space requirements for package are not met. Options are:
Do not check space requirements (installation fails if it runs out of space).
Abort installation if space requirements are not met.
Controls resolution when a datastream package with signature is to be installed. Options are:
Do not verify package signature. This also disables the use of the Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP) to validate the package's signing certificate.
Abort installation if package signature cannot be verified.
Number of seconds to wait before giving up a network connection when downloading a package. This entry must be a positive integer. If not present, the default value of 60 is used.
Number of times to retry a failed network connection when downloading a package. This entry must be a positive integer. If not present, the default value of 5 is used.
Location of trusted certificates used when downloading packages over SSL and when verifying signatures on packages. This is the base directory of the certificate location for trusted certificates used when validating digital signatures on packages. For example, if this setting is /var/sadm/security, then pkgadd will use /var/sadm/security/pkgadd/truststore, then /var/sadm/security/truststore when searching for trusted certificates. See KEYSTORE LOCATIONS and KEYSTORE AND CERTIFICATE FORMATS in pkgadd(1M) for details on certificate store format and usage.
The default proxy to use when installing packages from the network. Currently, only HTTP or HTTPS proxies are supported. If this field is blank or nonexistent, then no proxy will be used.
Determines the user that will run request scripts. This parameter can have either of the values described below. See pkgadd(1M) for details on the conditions under which this parameter is useful.
Run request script as user install, if such a user exists, with the privileges of that user. Otherwise, run script as user root, with UID equal to 0 and with all/zone privileges. (See zones(5).)
Run request script as user install, if such a user exists, with the privileges of that user. Otherwise, run script as user noaccess, with the basic privileges of the unprivileged user noaccess.
If this parameter is not present or has a null value, the user noaccess is assumed. Likewise, if this parameter is set to anything other than the values described here, a warning is issued, and noaccess is assumed. rscriptalt is not present in the default admin file, /var/sadm/install/admin/default. In this case, request scripts are run as the user noaccess.
The default admin file, named default, is shipped with user-, group-, and world-read privileges (444). Its contents are as follows:
mail= instance=unique partial=ask runlevel=ask idepend=ask rdepend=ask space=ask setuid=ask conflict=ask action=ask basedir=default authentication=quit networktimeout=10 networkretries=3 keystore=/var/sadm/security proxy=Example 2 Sample admin file.
Below is a sample admin file.
basedir=default runlevel=quit conflict=quit setuid=quit action=quit partial=quit instance=unique idepend=quit rdepend=quit space=quit authentication=quit networktimeout=10 networkretries=5 keystore=/opt/certs proxy=syrinx.eng.example.com:8080
The default admin file is consulted during package installation when no other admin file is specified.
default admin file
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
The value ask should not be defined in an admin file that will be used for non-interactive installation (because, by definition, there is no installer interaction). Doing so causes installation to fail at the point when input is needed.