man pages section 3: Basic Library Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

getauthnam(3C)

Name

getauthattr, getauthnam, free_authattr, setauthattr, endauthattr, chkauthattr, chkauthattr_ucred - get authorization entry

Synopsis

#include <auth_attr.h>
authattr_t *getauthattr(
void);
authattr_t *getauthnam(
const char *name);
void free_authattr(
authattr_t *auth);
void setauthattr(
void);
void endauthattr(
void);
int chkauthattr(
const char *authname, const char *
username);
int chkauthattr_ucred(
const char *authname, const char *
username, ucred_t 
ucred);

Description

The getauthattr() and getauthnam() functions each return an auth_attr(4) entry. Entries can come from any of the sources specified in the nsswitch.conf(4) file.

The getauthattr() function enumerates auth_attr entries. The getauthnam() function searches for an auth_attr entry with a given authorization name name. Successive calls to these functions return either successive auth_attr entries or NULL.

Th internal representation of an auth_attr entry is an authattr_t structure defined in <auth_attr.h > with the following members:

char   *name;        /* name of the authorization */
char   *res1;        /* reserved for future use */
char   *res2;        /* reserved for future use */
char   *short_desc;  /* short description */
char   *long_desc;   /* long description */
kva_t  *attr;        /* array of key-value pair attributes */

The setauthattr() function “rewinds” to the beginning of the enumeration of auth_attr entries. Calls to getauthnam() can leave the enumeration in an indeterminate state. Therefore, setauthattr() should be called before the first call to getauthattr().

The endauthattr() function may be called to indicate that auth_attr processing is complete; the system may then close any open auth_attr file, deallocate storage, and so forth.

The chkauthattr() function verifies whether or not a user has a given authorization. It first reads the user_attr(4) database and returns 1 if it finds a match for the given authorization. If it does not find a match in user_attr, chkauthattr () reads the prof_attr(4) database using the list of profiles assigned to the user and checks if any of the profiles assigned to the user has the given authorization.

For each user, there are two sets of profiles, an authenticated set and an unauthenticated set. Authorizations in the authenticated set are always effective, but those in the unauthenticated set only become effective after a successful response to an authentication challenge. Such challenges are automatically issued when the user executes a command matching an entry in the authenticated profiles set. See pfexec(1) .

When chkauthattr() finds a profile called “Stop”, further profiles are ignored, the authorizations and profiles mentioned in /etc/security/policy.conf are ignored and it returns 0. If it does not find a match in the user's profiles, chkauthattr() reads the AUTHS_GRANTED key in the /etc/security/policy.conf file and returns 1 if it finds a match for the given authorization. If chkauthattr () does not find a match and the username is the name of the “console user”, defined as the owner of /dev/console , it first reads the CONSOLE_USER key in /etc/security/policy.conf and returns 1 if the given authorization is in any of the profiles specified in the CONSOLE_USER keyword, then reads the PROFS_GRANTED key in /etc/security/policy.conf and returns 1 if the given authorization is in any profiles specified with the PROFS_GRANTED keyword. The chkauthattr() function returns 0 if it does not find a match in any of the three sources or if the user does not exist.

The chkauthattr_ucred() function is identical to the chkauthattr() function, except for its interpretation of authorizations specified in the authenticated profiles set. In determining whether the authenticated profiles are effective, it uses the ucred pointer instead of the process flags of the calling process. This function should be used for local services that run on behalf of clients. The ucred of the client can be obtained by getpeerucred(3C) or door_ucred(3C).

Authorization names consist of a hierarchical set of dot (.)-separated words, called the predicate, and an optional object qualifier preceded by a slash character (/). Authorizations listed in user_attr and prof_attr may contain an asterisk (*) following the final dot in the predicate to indicate a wildcard. The reserved word grant , used for delegating authorizations, is not matched by *.

    A user is considered to have been assigned an authorization if all of the following are true:

  • The authorization name matches exactly any authorization assigned in the user_attr or prof_attr databases (authorization names are case-sensitive).

  • The predicate of authname matches the predicate of an authorization completely, or the predicate does not end in grant and matches up to the * if present.

  • The authorization name suffix is not the key word grant and the authorization name matches any authorization up to the asterisk (*) character assigned in the user_attr or prof_attr databases.

  • If the authorization includes an object qualifier, then authname must include the same object qualifier.

The examples in the following table illustrate the conditions under which a user is assigned an authorization.

/etc/security/policy.conf or
Is user
Authorization name
user_attr or prof_attr entry
authorized?
solaris.printer.postscript
solaris.printer.postscript
Yes
solaris.printer.postscript
solaris.printer.*
Yes
solaris.printer.grant
solaris.printer.*
No
solaris.zone.login/z1
solaris.zone.*
Yes
solaris.zone.login
solaris.zone.*/z1
No

The free_authattr() function releases memory allocated by the getauthnam() and getauthattr () functions.

Return Values

The getauthattr() function returns a pointer to an authattr_t if it successfully enumerates an entry; otherwise it returns NULL, indicating the end of the enumeration.

The getauthnam() function returns a pointer to an authattr_t if it successfully locates the requested entry; otherwise it returns NULL.

The chkauthattr() function returns 1 if the user is authorized and 0 if the user does not exist or is not authorized.

Usage

The getauthattr() and getauthnam() functions both allocate memory for the pointers they return. This memory should be deallocated with the free_authattr() call.

Individual attributes in the attr structure can be referred to by calling the kva_match(3C) function.

Warnings

Because the list of legal keys is likely to expand, code must be written to ignore unknown key-value pairs without error.

Files

/etc/nsswitch.conf

configuration file lookup information for the name server switch

/etc/user_attr

extended user attributes

/etc/security/auth_attr

authorization attributes

/etc/security/policy.conf

policy definitions

/etc/security/prof_attr

profile information

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
MT-Level
MT-Safe

See Also

getexecattr(3C), getprofattr(3C), getuserattr(3C), auth_attr (4), nsswitch.conf(4) , prof_attr (4), user_attr(4), attributes(5) , rbac(5)