man pages section 3: Basic Library Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

sync_instruction_memory(3C)

Name

sync_instruction_memory - make modified instructions executable

Synopsis

void sync_instruction_memory(caddr_t addr, int len);

Description

The sync_instruction_memory() function performs whatever steps are required to make instructions modified by a program executable.

Some processor architectures, including some SPARC processors, have separate and independent instruction and data caches which are not kept consistent by hardware. For example, if the instruction cache contains an instruction from some address and the program then stores a new instruction at that address, the new instruction may not be immediately visible to the instruction fetch mechanism. Software must explicitly invalidate the instruction cache entries for new or changed mappings of pages that might contain executable instructions. The sync_instruction_memory() function performs this function, and/or any other functions needed to make modified instructions between addr and addr+len visible. A program should call sync_instruction_memory() after modifying instructions and before executing them.

On processors with unified caches (one cache for both instructions and data) and pipelines which are flushed by a branch instruction, such as the x86 architecture, the function may do nothing and just return.

The changes are immediately visible to the thread calling sync_instruction_memory() when the call returns, even if the thread should migrate to another processor during or after the call. The changes become visible to other threads in the same manner that stores do; that is, they eventually become visible, but the latency is implementation-dependent.

The result of executing sync_instruction_memory() are unpredictable if addr through addr+len-1 are not valid for the address space of the program making the call.

Return Values

No values are returned.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
MT-Level
MT-Safe

See Also

attributes(5)