#include <semaphore.h> int sem_post(sem_t *sem);
The sem_post() function unlocks the semaphore referenced by sem by performing a semaphore unlock operation on that semaphore.
If the semaphore value resulting from this operation is positive, then no threads were blocked waiting for the semaphore to become unlocked; the semaphore value is simply incremented.
If the value of the semaphore resulting from this operation is 0, then one of the threads blocked waiting for the semaphore will be allowed to return successfully from its call to sem_wait(3C). If the symbol _POSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING is defined, the thread to be unblocked will be chosen in a manner appropriate to the scheduling policies and parameters in effect for the blocked threads. In the case of the schedulers SCHED_FIFO and SCHED_RR, the highest priority waiting thread will be unblocked, and if there is more than one highest priority thread blocked waiting for the semaphore, then the highest priority thread that has been waiting the longest will be unblocked. If the symbol _POSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING is not defined, the choice of a thread to unblock is unspecified.
If successful, sem_post() returns 0; otherwise it returns −1 and sets errno to indicate the error.
The sem_post() function will fail if:
The sem argument does not refer to a valid semaphore.
The sem_post() function is not supported by the system.
The semaphore value exceeds SEM_VALUE_MAX.
The sem_post() function is reentrant with respect to signals and may be invoked from a signal-catching function. The semaphore functionality described on this manual page is for the POSIX (see standards(5)) threads implementation. For the documentation of the Solaris threads interface, see semaphore(3C)).
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes: