man pages section 3: Basic Library Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

posix_fallocate(3C)

Name

posix_fallocate - file space control

Synopsis

#include <fcntl.h>

int posix_fallocate(int fd, off_t offset, off_t len);

Description

The posix_fallocate() function ensures that any required storage for regular file data starting at offset and continuing for len bytes is allocated on the file system storage media. If posix_fallocate() returns successfully, subsequent writes to the specified file data will not fail due to the lack of free space on the file system storage media.

If the offset+len is beyond the current file size, then posix_fallocate() adjusts the file size to offset+len. Otherwise, the file size is not changed.

Space allocated with posix_fallocate() is freed by a successful call to creat(2) or open(2) that truncates the size of the file. Space allocated with posix_fallocate() may be freed by a successful call to ftruncate(3C) that reduces the file size to a size smaller than offset+len.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, posix_fallocate() returns zero. Otherwise, an error number is returned to indicate the error.

Errors

The posix_fallocate() function will fail if:

EBADF

The fd argument is not a valid file descriptor or references a file that was opened without write permission.

EFBIG

The value of offset+len is greater than the maximum file size.

EINTR

A signal was caught during execution.

EINVAL

The len argument is less than or equal to zero, or the offset argument is less than zero, or the underlying file system does not support this operation. See NOTES.

EIO

An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to a file system.

ENODEV

The fd argument does not refer to a regular file.

ENOSPC

There is insufficient free space remaining on the file system storage media.

ESPIPE

The fd argument is associated with a pipe or FIFO.

Usage

The posix_fallocate() function has a transitional interface for 64-bit file offsets. See lf64(5).

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
MT-Level
MT-Safe
Standard

See Also

creat(2), open(2), unlink(2), ftruncate(3C), attributes(5), standards(5)

Notes

The posix_fallocate() function is supported only for regular files residing on UFS filesystems. Attempts to use it with files on any other filesystem type results in an EINVAL error.