You can use the quota property to set a limit on the amount of disk space a file system can use. In addition, you can use the reservation property to guarantee that a specified amount of disk space is available to a file system. Both properties apply to the file system on which they are set and all descendents of that file system.
That is, if a quota is set on the tank/home file system, the total amount of disk space used by tank/home and all of its descendents cannot exceed the quota. Similarly, if tank/home is given a reservation, tank/home and all of its descendents draw from that reservation. The amount of disk space used by a file system and all of its descendents is reported by the used property.
The refquota and refreservation properties are used to manage file system space without accounting for disk space consumed by descendents, such as snapshots and clones.
In this Solaris release, you can set a user or a group quota on the amount of disk space consumed by files that are owned by a particular user or group. The user and group quota properties cannot be set on a volume, on a file system before file system version 4, or on a pool before pool version 15.
Consider the following points to determine which quota and reservation features might best help you manage your file systems:
The quota and reservation properties are convenient for managing disk space consumed by file systems and their descendents.
The refquota and refreservation properties are appropriate for managing disk space consumed by file systems.
Setting the refquota or refreservation property higher than the quota or reservation property has no effect. If you set the quota or refquota property, operations that try to exceed either value fail. It is possible to a exceed a quota that is greater than the refquota. For example, if some snapshot blocks are modified, you might actually exceed the quota before you exceed the refquota.
User and group quotas provide a way to more easily manage disk space with many user accounts, such as in a university environment.