By default, snapshots are no longer displayed in the zfs list output. You must use the zfs list –t snapshot command to display snapshot information. Or, enable the listsnapshots pool property. For example:
# zpool get listsnapshots tank NAME PROPERTY VALUE SOURCE tank listsnapshots off default # zpool set listsnapshots=on tank # zpool get listsnapshots tank NAME PROPERTY VALUE SOURCE tank listsnapshots on local
Snapshots of file systems are accessible in the .zfs/snapshot directory within the root of the file system. For example, if tank/home/cindy is mounted on /home/cindy, then the tank/home/cindy@thursday snapshot data is accessible in the /home/cindy/.zfs/snapshot/thursday directory.
# ls /tank/home/cindy/.zfs/snapshot thursday tuesday wednesday
You can list snapshots as follows:
# zfs list -t snapshot -r tank/home NAME USED AVAIL REFER MOUNTPOINT tank/home/cindy@tuesday 45K - 2.11G - tank/home/cindy@wednesday 45K - 2.11G - tank/home/cindy@thursday 0 - 2.17G -
You can list snapshots that were created for a particular file system as follows:
# zfs list -r -t snapshot -o name,creation tank/home NAME CREATION tank/home/cindy@tuesday Fri Aug 3 15:18 2012 tank/home/cindy@wednesday Fri Aug 3 15:19 2012 tank/home/cindy@thursday Fri Aug 3 15:19 2012 tank/home/lori@today Fri Aug 3 15:24 2012 tank/home/mark@today Fri Aug 3 15:24 2012
When a snapshot is created, its disk space is initially shared between the snapshot and the file system, and possibly with previous snapshots. As the file system changes, disk space that was previously shared becomes unique to the snapshot, and thus is counted in the snapshot's used property. Additionally, deleting snapshots can increase the amount of disk space unique to (and thus used by) other snapshots.
You can identify additional information about how the values of the used property are consumed. New read-only file system properties describe disk space usage for clones, file systems, and volumes. For example:
$ zfs list -o space -r rpool NAME AVAIL USED USEDSNAP USEDDS USEDREFRESERV USEDCHILD rpool 124G 9.57G 0 302K 0 9.57G rpool/ROOT 124G 3.38G 0 31K 0 3.38G rpool/ROOT/solaris 124G 20.5K 0 0 0 20.5K rpool/ROOT/solaris/var 124G 20.5K 0 20.5K 0 0 rpool/ROOT/solaris-1 124G 3.38G 66.3M 3.14G 0 184M rpool/ROOT/solaris-1/var 124G 184M 49.9M 134M 0 0 rpool/VARSHARE 124G 39.5K 0 39.5K 0 0 rpool/dump 124G 4.12G 0 4.00G 129M 0 rpool/export 124G 63K 0 32K 0 31K rpool/export/home 124G 31K 0 31K 0 0 rpool/swap 124G 2.06G 0 2.00G 64.7M 0
For a description of these properties, see Table 5–1.