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man pages section 3: Extended Library Functions, Volume 2

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

bgets(3GEN)

Name

bgets - read stream up to next delimiter

Synopsis

cc [ flag ... ] file ... –lgen [ library ... ]
#include <libgen.h>

char *bgets(char *buffer, size_t count, FILE  *stream,
     const char *breakstring);

Description

The bgets() function reads characters from stream into buffer until either count is exhausted or one of the characters in breakstring is encountered in the stream. The read data is terminated with a null byte ('\0') and a pointer to the trailing null is returned. If a breakstring character is encountered, the last non-null is the delimiter character that terminated the scan.

Note that, except for the fact that the returned value points to the end of the read string rather than to the beginning, the call

bgets(buffer, sizeof buffer, stream, "\n");

is identical to

fgets (buffer, sizeof buffer, stream);

There is always enough room reserved in the buffer for the trailing null character.

If breakstring is a null pointer, the value of breakstring from the previous call is used. If breakstring is null at the first call, no characters will be used to delimit the string.

Return Values

NULL is returned on error or end-of-file. Reporting the condition is delayed to the next call if any characters were read but not yet returned.

Examples

Example 1 Example of the bgets() function.

The following example prints the name of the first user encountered in /etc/passswd, including a trailing ":"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <libgen.h>

int main()
{
    char buffer[8];
    FILE *fp;

    if ((fp = fopen("/etc/passwd","r")) == NULL) {
        perror("/etc/passwd");
        return 1;
    }
    if (bgets(buffer, 8, fp, ":") == NULL) {
        perror("bgets");
        return 1;
    }
    (void) puts(buffer);
    return 0;
}

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
MT-Level
MT-Safe

See Also

gets(3C), attributes(7)