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man pages section 3: Extended Library Functions, Volume 2

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

log10f(3M)

Name

log10, log10f, log10l - base 10 logarithm function

Synopsis

c99 [ flag... ] file... –lm [ library... ]
#include <math.h>

double log10(double x);
float log10f(float x);
long double log10l(long double x);

Description

These functions compute the base 10 logarithm of x, log10(x).

Return Values

Upon successful completion, log10() returns the base 10 logarithm of x.

If x is ±0, a pole error occurs and log10(), log10f(), and log10l() return −HUGE_VAL, −HUGE_VALF, and −HUGE_VALL, respectively.

For finite values of x that are less than 0, or if x is −Inf, a domain error occurs and a NaN is returned.

If x is NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is 1, +0 is returned.

If x is +Inf, x is returned.

For exceptional cases, matherr(3M) tabulates the values to be returned by log10() as specified by SVID3 and XPG3.

Errors

These functions will fail if:

Domain Error

The finite value of x is negative, or x is -Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the invalid floating-point exception is raised.

The log10() function sets errno to EDOM if the value of x is negative.

Pole Error

The value of x is 0.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, the divide-by-zero floating-point exception is raised.

Usage

An application wanting to check for exceptions should call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an exception has been raised. An application should either examine the return value or check the floating point exception flags to detect exceptions.

An application can also set errno to 0 before calling log10(). On return, if errno is non-zero, an error has occurred. The log10f() and log10l() functions do not set errno.

Attributes

See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
Availability
system/library/math
MT-Level
MT-Safe
Standard

See Also

math.h(3HEAD), feclearexcept(3M), fetestexcept(3M), isnan(3M), log(3M), matherr(3M), pow(3M), attributes(7), standards(7)