Oracle® VM Server for SPARC 3.2 Administration Guide

Exit Print View

Updated: May 2015

Using Virtual Disks With Volume Managers

Any ZFS, Solaris Volume Manager, or Veritas Volume Manager (VxVM) volume can be exported from a service domain to a guest domain as a virtual disk. A volume can be exported either as a single-slice disk (if the slice option is specified with the ldm add-vdsdev command) or as a full disk.

Note - The remainder of this section uses a Solaris Volume Manager volume as an example. However, the discussion also applies to ZFS and VxVM volumes.

The following examples show how to export a volume as a single-slice disk.

The virtual disk in the guest domain (for example, /dev/dsk/c0d2s0) is directly mapped to the associated volume (for example, /dev/md/dsk/d0), and data stored onto the virtual disk from the guest domain are directly stored onto the associated volume with no extra metadata. Data stored on the virtual disk from the guest domain can therefore also be directly accessed from the service domain through the associated volume.


  • If the Solaris Volume Manager volume d0 is exported from the primary domain to domain1, then the configuration of domain1 requires some extra steps.

    primary# metainit d0 3 1 c2t70d0s6 1 c2t80d0s6 1 c2t90d0s6
    primary# ldm add-vdsdev options=slice /dev/md/dsk/d0 vol3@primary-vds0
    primary# ldm add-vdisk vdisk3 vol3@primary-vds0 domain1
  • After domain1 has been bound and started, the exported volume appears as /dev/dsk/c0d2s0, for example, and you can use it.

    domain1# newfs /dev/rdsk/c0d2s0
    domain1# mount /dev/dsk/c0d2s0 /mnt
    domain1# echo test-domain1 > /mnt/file
  • After domain1 has been stopped and unbound, data stored on the virtual disk from domain1 can be directly accessed from the primary domain through Solaris Volume Manager volume d0.

    primary# mount /dev/md/dsk/d0 /mnt
    primary# cat /mnt/file

Using Virtual Disks With Solaris Volume Manager

When a RAID or mirror Solaris Volume Manager volume is used as a virtual disk by another domain, then it has to be exported without setting the exclusive (excl) option. Otherwise, if there is a failure on one of the components of the Solaris Volume Manager volume, then the recovery of the Solaris Volume Manager volume using the metareplace command or using a hot spare does not start. The metastat command sees the volume as resynchronizing, but the resynchronization does not progress.

For example, /dev/md/dsk/d0 is a RAID Solaris Volume Manager volume exported as a virtual disk with the excl option to another domain, and d0 is configured with some hot-spare devices. If a component of d0 fails, Solaris Volume Manager replaces the failing component with a hot spare and resynchronizes the Solaris Volume Manager volume. However, the resynchronization does not start. The volume is reported as resynchronizing, but the resynchronization does not progress.

primary# metastat d0
d0: RAID
    State: Resyncing
    Hot spare pool: hsp000
    Interlace: 32 blocks
    Size: 20097600 blocks (9.6 GB)
Original device:
    Size: 20100992 blocks (9.6 GB)
Device                                     Start Block  Dbase   State Reloc
c2t2d0s1                                           330  No       Okay  Yes
c4t12d0s1                                          330  No       Okay  Yes
/dev/dsk/c10t600C0FF0000000000015153295A4B100d0s1  330  No  Resyncing  Yes

In such a situation, the domain using the Solaris Volume Manager volume as a virtual disk has to be stopped and unbound to complete the resynchronization. Then the Solaris Volume Manager volume can be resynchronized using the metasync command.

# metasync d0

Using Virtual Disks When VxVM Is Installed

When the VxVM is installed on your system and Veritas Dynamic Multipathing (DMP) is enabled on a physical disk or partition you want to export as virtual disk, then you have to export that disk or partition without setting the (non-default) excl option. Otherwise, you receive an error in /var/adm/messages while binding a domain that uses such a disk.

vd_setup_vd():  ldi_open_by_name(/dev/dsk/c4t12d0s2) = errno 16
vds_add_vd():  Failed to add vdisk ID 0

You can check whether Veritas DMP is enabled by checking the multipathing information in the vxdisk list output. For example:

# vxdisk list Disk_3
Device:    Disk_3
devicetag: Disk_3
type:      auto
info:      format=none
flags:     online ready private autoconfig invalid
pubpaths:  block=/dev/vx/dmp/Disk_3s2 char=/dev/vx/rdmp/Disk_3s2
guid:      -
udid:      SEAGATE%5FST336753LSUN36G%5FDISKS%5F3032333948303144304E0000
site:      -
Multipathing information:
numpaths:  1
c4t12d0s2  state=enabled

Alternatively, if Veritas DMP is enabled on a disk or a slice that you want to export as a virtual disk with the excl option set, then you can disable DMP using the vxdmpadm command. For example:

# vxdmpadm -f disable path=/dev/dsk/c4t12d0s2