man pages section 3: Extended Library Functions, Volume 1

Exit Print View

Updated: July 2014
 
 

elf_getident(3ELF)

Name

elf_getident, elf_getphdrnum, elf_getshdrnum, elf_getshdrstrndx, elf_getphnum, elf_getshnum, elf_getshstrndx - retrieve ELF header data

Synopsis

cc [ flag ... ] file ... –lelf [ library ... ]
#include <libelf.h>

char *elf_getident(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);
int elf_getphdrnum(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);
int elf_getshdrnum(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);
int elf_getshdrstrndx(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);

Obsolete Interfaces

int elf_getphnum(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);
int elf_getshnum(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);
int elf_getshstrndx(Elf *elf, size_t *dst);

Description

As elf(3ELF) explains, ELF provides a framework for various classes of files, where basic objects might have 32 or 64 bits. To accommodate these differences, without forcing the larger sizes on smaller machines, the initial bytes in an ELF file hold identification information common to all file classes. The e_ident of every ELF header has EI_NIDENT bytes with interpretations described in the following table.

e_ident Index
Value
Purpose
EI_MAG0
ELFMAG0
File identification
EI_MAG1
ELFMAG1
EI_MAG2
ELFMAG2
EI_MAG3
ELFMAG3
EI_CLASS
ELFCLASSNONE
File class
ELFCLASS32
ELFCLASS64
EI_DATA
ELFDATANONE
Data encoding
ELFDATA2LSB
ELFDATA2MSB
EI_VERSION
EV_CURRENT
File version
7-15
0
Unused, set to zero

Other kinds of files might have identification data, though they would not conform to e_ident. See elf_kind(3ELF) for information on other kinds of files.

The elf_getident() function returns a pointer to the initial bytes of the file. If the library recognizes the file, a conversion from the file image to the memory image can occur. The identification bytes are guaranteed to be unmodified, though the size of the unmodified area depends on the file type. If the dst argument is non-null, the library stores the number of identification bytes in the location to which dst points. If no data are present, elf is NULL, or an error occurs, the return value is a null pointer, with 0 stored through dst, if dst is non-null.

The elf_getphdrnum() function obtains the number of program headers recorded in the ELF file. The number of sections in a file is typically recorded in the e_phnum field of the ELF header. A file that requires the ELF extended program header records the value PN_XNUM in the e_phnum field and records the number of sections in the sh_info field of section header 0. See USAGE. The dst argument points to the location where the number of sections is stored. If elf is NULL or an error occurs, elf_getphdrnum() returns −1.

The elf_getshdrnum() function obtains the number of sections recorded in the ELF file. The number of sections in a file is typically recorded in the e_shnum field of the ELF header. A file that requires ELF extended section records the value 0 in the e_shnum field and records the number of sections in the sh_size field of section header 0. See USAGE. The dst argument points to the location where the number of sections is stored. If a call to elf_newscn(3ELF) that uses the same elf descriptor is performed, the value obtained by elf_getshnum() is valid only after a successful call to elf_update(3ELF). If elf is NULL or an error occurs, elf_getshdrnum() returns −1.

The elf_getshdrstrndx() function obtains the section index of the string table associated with the section headers in the ELF file. The section header string table index is typically recorded in the e_shstrndx field of the ELF header. A file that requires ELF extended section records the value SHN_XINDEX in the e_shstrndx field and records the string table index in the sh_link field of section header 0. See USAGE. The dst argument points to the location where the section header string table index is stored. If elf is NULL or an error occurs, elf_getshdrstrndx() returns −1.

The elf_getphnum(), elf_getshnum(), and elf_getshstrndx() functions behave in a manner similar to elf_getphdrnum(), elf_getshdrnum(), and elf_getshdrstrndx(), respectively, except that they return 0 if elf is NULL or an error occurs. Because these return values differ from those used by some other systems, they are therefore non-portable and their use is discouraged. The elf_getphdrnum(), elf_getshdrnum(), and elf_getshdrstrndx() functions should be used instead.

Usage

ELF extended sections allow an ELF file to contain more than 0xff00 (SHN_LORESERVE) section. ELF extended program headers allow an ELF file to contain 0xffff (PN_XNUM) or more program headers. See the Oracle Solaris 11.2 Linkers and Libraries Guide for more information.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, the elf_getident() function returns 1. Otherwise, it return 0.

Upon successful completion, the elf_getphdrnum(), elf_getshdrnum(), and elf_getshdrstrndx() functions return 0. Otherwise, they return -1.

Upon successful completion, the elf_getphnum(), elf_getshnum(), and elf_getshstrndx() functions return 1. Otherwise, they return 0.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
See below.
MT-Level
MT-Safe

The elf_getident(), elf_getphdrnum(), elf_getshdrnum(), and elf_getshdrstrndx() functions are Committed. The elf_getphnum(), elf_getshnum(), and elf_getshstrndx() functions are Committed (Obsolete).

See Also

elf(3ELF), elf32_getehdr(3ELF), elf_begin(3ELF), elf_kind(3ELF), elf_newscn(3ELF), elf_rawfile(3ELF), elf_update(3ELF), libelf (3LIB), attributes(5)

Oracle Solaris 11.2 Linkers and Libraries Guide