man pages section 3: Extended Library Functions, Volume 1

Exit Print View

Updated: July 2014
 
 

elf_rawfile(3ELF)

Name

elf_rawfile - retrieve uninterpreted file contents

Synopsis

cc [ flag... ] file ... –lelf [ library ... ]
#include <libelf.h>

char *elf_rawfile(Elf *elf, size_t *ptr);

Description

The elf_rawfile() function returns a pointer to an uninterpreted byte image of the file. This function should be used only to retrieve a file being read. For example, a program might use elf_rawfile() to retrieve the bytes for an archive member.

A program may not close or disable (see elf_cntl(3ELF)) the file descriptor associated with elf before the initial call to elf_rawfile() , because elf_rawfile() might have to read the data from the file if it does not already have the original bytes in memory. Generally, this function is more efficient for unknown file types than for object files. The library implicitly translates object files in memory, while it leaves unknown files unmodified. Thus, asking for the uninterpreted image of an object file may create a duplicate copy in memory.

elf_rawdata() is a related function, providing access to sections within a file. See elf_getdata(3ELF).

If ptr is non-null, the library also stores the file's size, in bytes, in the location to which ptr points. If no data are present, elf is null, or an error occurs, the return value is a null pointer, with 0 stored through ptr, if ptr is non-null.

Attributes

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE
ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability
Committed
MT-Level
MT-Safe

See Also

elf(3ELF), elf32_getehdr(3ELF), elf_begin(3ELF), elf_cntl(3ELF), elf_getdata(3ELF), elf_getident(3ELF), elf_kind(3ELF), libelf(3LIB), attributes( 5)

Notes

A program that uses elf_rawfile() and that also interprets the same file as an object file potentially has two copies of the bytes in memory. If such a program requests the raw image first, before it asks for translated information (through such functions as elf32_getehdr (), elf_getdata(), and so on), the library ``freezes'' its original memory copy for the raw image. It then uses this frozen copy as the source for creating translated objects, without reading the file again. Consequently, the application should view the raw file image returned by elf_rawfile() as a read-only buffer, unless it wants to alter its own view of data subsequently translated. In any case, the application may alter the translated objects without changing bytes visible in the raw image.

Multiple calls to elf_rawfile() with the same ELF descriptor return the same value; the library does not create duplicate copies of the file.