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Installing Oracle® Solaris 11.3 Systems

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Updated: May 2019

How to Perform a Text Installation

  1. Insert the text installation media and boot the system using the media. If requested, make any preliminary keyboard and language selections.

    The keyboard and language selections are requested during the x86 installation process. These values are preset for the SPARC installation process.

    Note -  The language and keyboard selections set the defaults for the installer and for the installed system.
  2. (Optional) To install required drivers, select option 2 on the installation menu.

    For instructions on using the Device Driver Utility, see How to Start the Device Driver Utility. After you have installed the drivers, restart the text installation and return to the installation menu.

  3. (Optional) To use iSCSI disk discovery, select option 3.

    At the shell prompt, follow the steps to configure a network interface. See Chapter 3, Configuring and Administering IP Interfaces and Addresses in Oracle Solaris in Configuring and Managing Network Components in Oracle Solaris 11.3 for more information. After you have configured a network interface, exit the shell by pressing Control-D.

  4. (Optional) To boot using an iSCSI device using IPoIB, select option 3.

    See Chapter 3, Configuring and Administering IP Interfaces and Addresses in Oracle Solaris in Configuring and Managing Network Components in Oracle Solaris 11.3 for more information.

    1. Create an IPoIB partition link.

      In this example, the available links are displayed, and then a partition link is created using net5. The last command shows that the link has been created.

      # dladm show-ib
      net4     212800013F2EC6 212900013F2EC7 1    down    -          --FFFF
      net5     212800013F2EC6 212900013F2EC8 1    up      -          --FFFF
      # dladm create-part -l net5 -P 0xFFFF ibd5
      # dladm show-part
      LINK         PKEY  OVER         STATE    FLAGS
      ibd5         FFFF  net5         unknown  ----
    2. Create an IP interface and an IP address.

      This example uses ibd5 for an IPoIB installation that was created in the previous step. The IP address should be static.

      # ipadm create-ip ibd5
      # ipadm create-addr -T static -a ibd5/v4 

      This example uses net0 which is normally used for iSCSI connections.

      # ipadm create-ip net0
      # ipadm create-addr -a net0
    3. Exit the shell by pressing Control-D.
  5. Initiate the installation by selecting the first option on the installation menu.
    Welcome to the Oracle Solaris 11.3 installation menu
    1 Install Oracle Solaris
    2 Install Additional Drivers
    3 Shell
    4 Terminal type (currently sun-color)
    5 Reboot
    Please enter a number [1]:

    Use the "Continue" function key to move to the next panel.

    Note -  Use the keyboard to navigate through the installer panels. You cannot use a mouse. See the key commands listed on each panel, and see the online help for further information.
  6. In the Discovery Selection panel, select the discovery method for the disk that you want to install the system on.
    • Local Disks – This is the default option for disks that are attached to the computer, including internal and external hard disks.

    • iSCSI – If you want the installer to search for remote disks that are accessible over a network using the iSCSI standard, select this option. Make sure to complete Step 3, if you want to use iSCSI. An additional panel prompts for the following information:

    Target IP

    The IP address of the iSCSI target. Provide four numbers in the range 0-255. The system at this IP address must be online and accessible. This field is required.

    Target LUN

    The Logical Unit Number of the iSCSI device located at the provided IP address. The LUN is often a numerical value such as 0, 1, and so on. This field is optional.

    Target Name

    The name of the iSCSI target in iSCSI Qualified Name (IQN) format. This field is optional.


    The port number used in conjunction with the provided IP address for discovering the iSCSI device. The default value of 3260 is the port typically used for iSCSI. This field is optional.

    Initiator Name

    The initiator node name to be set for the iSCSI discovery session. For iSCSI booting, this field is hidden because the initiator node name cannot be modified. This field is generated for you.

    CHAP Name

    If using CHAP for authentication, the CHAP (Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol) name to be used for authentication. This field is optional.

    CHAP Password

    The CHAP secret value for authentication. If provided, this value must be between 12 and 16 characters long. This field is optional.

    If you choose the iSCSI option, a delay might occur when you select Next while the details you provided are validated. If the iSCSI LUN cannot be discovered, an error is displayed. You cannot proceed until the problem is resolved, either by entering valid criteria or by deselecting iSCSI.

  7. In the Disks panel, select the disk to install the OS on.

    If more than one target disk is listed, select one of the disks or accept the default.

  8. In the Partitions panel, Choose whether to install the operating system on the whole disk or on a part of the disk.

      The following choices are displayed:

    • Use the entire disk

    • Use a GPT partition

    Note -  During a SPARC installation, the panel prompts for information about slices instead of partitions.
  9. (Optional) In the Partition Selection panel, modify the partition layout.

    At any point as you complete the installation panels, you can revert to the original settings.


    Caution  -  If the existing partition table cannot be read, the panel displays proposed partitioning. In this instance, all of the data on the disk is destroyed during the installation.

    The installer uses GPT formatting when installing onto a whole disk or an unformatted disk. However, existing GPT partitions or DOS partitions are retained by default and displayed by the installer, so you can retain and install into an existing partition.

      Note the following:

    • If the disk contains existing DOS partitions, up to four DOS primary partitions are displayed. If a DOS extended partition exists, its logical partitions are also displayed in the disk layout order within the extended partition. Only one Solaris partition is allowed, and that Solaris partition must be used for the installation. The Solaris partition can be a logical partition within an extended partition.

    • If the disk contains existing GPT partitions, the GPT partitions are displayed. Up to seven GPT partitions are supported. You can create one or more Solaris partitions during the installation, but you must choose one Solaris partition as the installation target. If there are multiple, existing Solaris GPT partitions, the first suitable Solaris GPT partition will be chosen by default as the installation target.

    The SPARC installation process will prompt for information about the disk slices.

    For detailed partitioning instructions, see Guidelines for Partitioning a System During an Interactive Installation, or see the online help in the installer.

  10. (Optional) In the Boot Pool panel, modify the boot pool devices.

    In this panel, the dedicated on-board devices are displayed first. By default, the Dedicated and Selected columns show Yes for these devices. You can change the boot pool devices using the F5 key.

  11. In the System Identity panel, provide a computer name to identify the system on the network.
  12. In the Network panel, specify how to configure the wired Ethernet network connection.
    • To specify that the network is not configured during the installation, select None.

      The installer continues to the Time Zone panels.

    • To use DHCP to configure the network connection, select Automatically.

      The installer continues to the Time Zone panels.

    • To provide networking specifications, select Manually and continue as follows:
      1. If there is more than one interface, select a connection to be configured.
      2. In the Manually Configure panel, type the connection settings or accept the default information detected and provided by the installer.

        Note -  The IP address and netmask are required fields. The router is an optional field.
      3. In the DNS Name Service panel, if you select to have the system use the DNS name service:
        1. In the DNS Server Addresses panel, type at least one IP address for a DNS server.
        2. In the DNS Search List panel, provide at least one domain name to be searched when a DNS query is made.
      4. In the Alternate Name Service panel, specify whether the system should use either the LDAP name services, a NIS name service, or None.
        • If you selected DNS in the previous step, LDAP or NIS would be set up as alternate name services in addition to DNS.

        • If you did not select DNS in the previous step, LDAP or NIS would be set up as the only name service.

        • If you will be configuring LDAP on the system without an LDAP profile, select None instead of selecting LDAP. Then, configure LDAP manually after the installation is complete.

        • If no network naming services are selected, network names can be resolved by using standard name source files such as /etc/hosts. For further information, see the nsswitch.conf(4) man page.

      5. In the Domain Name panel, provide the domain where the system resides for the alternate name service, if you selected one.

        Note -  To determine the domain name, check with your system administrator. Or, use the domainname command on a previously installed system.
      6. In the LDAP Profile Panel, if you selected LDAP on the Alternate Name Service panel, provide LDAP configuration specifications as follows:
        • The LDAP profile to be used to configure the LDAP name service on the system

        • The IP address for the LDAP profile server

        • The LDAP search base

        • In the LDAP Proxy panel, specify whether LDAP proxy bind information will be provided.

          If needed, provide the LDAP proxy bind distinguished name and proxy bind password.

      7. In the NIS Name Server panel, if you selected NIS on the Alternate Name Service panel, provide the NIS specifications.

        You can either let the software search for a name server or you can specify a name server. Select one of the following two choices:

        • Find One

          Note -  The software can find a name server only if that server is on the local subnet.
        • Specify One - Type the name server's host name or IP address in the subpanel.

  13. In the Time Zone panels, select the region, location, and time zone.

    Note -  The default is for the GMT time zone to be configured.
  14. Select the language and language territory in the Locale panels.
  15. Set the date and time in the next panel.
  16. Select the keyboard layout in the next panel.
  17. Create accounts in the User panel.

    You are not required to create a user account, but you must create a root password.

    • If you create a user account in this panel, you need to provide both the user's password and a root password.

      In this case, root will be a role assigned to the user.

      To create a user account, type a username and password. The name must begin with a letter and can contain only letters and numbers.

    • If you do not create a user account, you still need to provide a root password.

      In this case, root will be a regular user.

  18. In the Support - Registration panel, determine whether or how you want to use Oracle Configuration Manager or start Oracle Auto Service Request.

    For further information, see Using Oracle Configuration Manager.

  19. In the Support - Network Configuration panel, select an access method for OCM and ASR.

      The following options are available:

    • No proxy

    • Proxy - the next panel prompts for the proxy hostname, port number, and username and password if using secure proxy.

    • Aggregation Hubs - the next panel prompts for the OCM Hub URL and the ASR Manager URL.

  20. Review the installation specifications.

    Review the specifications in the Installation Summary panel. If necessary, go back and make any required changes before starting the installation.

  21. Install the system using the specifications you have provided.

    Use the restart function key to start the Oracle Solaris installation process.


    Caution  -  Do not interrupt an installation that is in progress. An incomplete installation can leave a disk in an indeterminate state.

  22. Review the installation logs.

    The Installation Results panel provides access to installation logs that you can review.

  23. Reboot or go to a shell and shut down the system.