Go to main content

man pages section 1: User Commands

Exit Print View

Updated: July 2017

git-patch-id (1)


git-patch-id - Compute unique ID for a patch


git patch-id [--stable | --unstable]


GIT-PATCH-ID(1)                   Git Manual                   GIT-PATCH-ID(1)

       git-patch-id - Compute unique ID for a patch

       git patch-id [--stable | --unstable]

       Read a patch from the standard input and compute the patch ID for it.

       A "patch ID" is nothing but a sum of SHA-1 of the file diffs associated
       with a patch, with whitespace and line numbers ignored. As such, it's
       "reasonably stable", but at the same time also reasonably unique, i.e.,
       two patches that have the same "patch ID" are almost guaranteed to be
       the same thing.

       IOW, you can use this thing to look for likely duplicate commits.

       When dealing with git diff-tree output, it takes advantage of the fact
       that the patch is prefixed with the object name of the commit, and
       outputs two 40-byte hexadecimal strings. The first string is the patch
       ID, and the second string is the commit ID. This can be used to make a
       mapping from patch ID to commit ID.

           Use a "stable" sum of hashes as the patch ID. With this option:

           o   Reordering file diffs that make up a patch does not affect the
               ID. In particular, two patches produced by comparing the same
               two trees with two different settings for "-O<orderfile>"
               result in the same patch ID signature, thereby allowing the
               computed result to be used as a key to index some
               meta-information about the change between the two trees;

           o   Result is different from the value produced by git 1.9 and
               older or produced when an "unstable" hash (see --unstable
               below) is configured - even when used on a diff output taken
               without any use of "-O<orderfile>", thereby making existing
               databases storing such "unstable" or historical patch-ids

                   This is the default if patchid.stable is set to true.

           Use an "unstable" hash as the patch ID. With this option, the
           result produced is compatible with the patch-id value produced by
           git 1.9 and older. Users with pre-existing databases storing
           patch-ids produced by git 1.9 and older (who do not deal with
           reordered patches) may want to use this option.

               This is the default.

           The diff to create the ID of.

       Part of the git(1) suite

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | developer/versioning/git |
       |Stability      | Uncommitted              |
       This software was built from source available at
       https://java.net/projects/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://git-scm.com/.

Git 2.7.4                         03/17/2016                   GIT-PATCH-ID(1)