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Updated: July 2017

mysqladmin (1)


mysqladmin - client for administering a MySQL server


mysqladmin [options] command [command-options] [command


MYSQLADMIN(1)                MySQL Database System               MYSQLADMIN(1)

       mysqladmin - client for administering a MySQL server

       mysqladmin [options] command [command-options] [command

       mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations. You
       can use it to check the server's configuration and current status, to
       create and drop databases, and more.

       Invoke mysqladmin like this:

           shell> mysqladmin [options] command [command-arg] [command [command-arg]] ...

       mysqladmin supports the following commands. Some of the commands take
       an argument following the command name.

       o   create db_name

           Create a new database named db_name.

       o   debug

           Tell the server to write debug information to the error log. Format
           and content of this information is subject to change.

           This includes information about the Event Scheduler. See
           Section 21.4.5, "Event Scheduler Status".

       o   drop db_name

           Delete the database named db_name and all its tables.

       o   extended-status

           Display the server status variables and their values.

       o   flush-hosts

           Flush all information in the host cache.

       o   flush-logs [log_type ...]

           Flush all logs.

           As of MySQL 5.7.5, the mysqladmin flush-logs command permits
           optional log types to be given, to specify which logs to flush.
           Following the flush-logs command, you can provide a space-separated
           list of one or more of the following log types: binary, engine,
           error, general, relay, slow. These correspond to the log types that
           can be specified for the FLUSH LOGS SQL statement.

       o   flush-privileges

           Reload the grant tables (same as reload).

       o   flush-status

           Clear status variables.

       o   flush-tables

           Flush all tables.

       o   flush-threads

           Flush the thread cache.

       o   kill id,id,...

           Kill server threads. If multiple thread ID values are given, there
           must be no spaces in the list.

       o   old-password new_password

           This is like the password command but stores the password using the
           old (pre-4.1) password-hashing format. (See Section,
           "Password Hashing in MySQL".)

           This command was removed in MySQL 5.7.5.

       o   password new_password

           Set a new password. This changes the password to new_password for
           the account that you use with mysqladmin for connecting to the
           server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or any other
           client program) using the same account, you will need to specify
           the new password.

           If the new_password value contains spaces or other characters that
           are special to your command interpreter, you need to enclose it
           within quotation marks. On Windows, be sure to use double quotation
           marks rather than single quotation marks; single quotation marks
           are not stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as
           part of the password. For example:

               shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"

           In MySQL 5.7, the new password can be omitted following the
           password command. In this case, mysqladmin prompts for the password
           value, which enables you to avoid specifying the password on the
           command line. Omitting the password value should be done only if
           password is the final command on the mysqladmin command line.
           Otherwise, the next argument is taken as the password.

               Do not use this command used if the server was started with the
               --skip-grant-tables option. No password change will be applied.
               This is true even if you precede the password command with
               flush-privileges on the same command line to re-enable the
               grant tables because the flush operation occurs after you
               connect. However, you can use mysqladmin flush-privileges to
               re-enable the grant table and then use a separate mysqladmin
               password command to change the password.

       o   ping

           Check whether the server is available. The return status from
           mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not. This is 0
           even in case of an error such as Access denied, because this means
           that the server is running but refused the connection, which is
           different from the server not running.

       o   processlist

           Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output of
           the SHOW PROCESSLIST statement. If the --verbose option is given,
           the output is like that of SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST. (See
           Section, "SHOW PROCESSLIST Syntax".)

       o   reload

           Reload the grant tables.

       o   refresh

           Flush all tables and close and open log files.

       o   shutdown

           Stop the server.

       o   start-slave

           Start replication on a slave server.

       o   status

           Display a short server status message.

       o   stop-slave

           Stop replication on a slave server.

       o   variables

           Display the server system variables and their values.

       o   version

           Display version information from the server.

       All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix. For example:

           shell> mysqladmin proc stat
           | Id | User  | Host      | db | Command | Time | State | Info             |
           | 51 | monty | localhost |    | Query   | 0    |       | show processlist |
           Uptime: 1473624  Threads: 1  Questions: 39487
           Slow queries: 0  Opens: 541  Flush tables: 1
           Open tables: 19  Queries per second avg: 0.0268

       The mysqladmin status command result displays the following values:

       o   Uptime

           The number of seconds the MySQL server has been running.

       o   Threads

           The number of active threads (clients).

       o   Questions

           The number of questions (queries) from clients since the server was

       o   Slow queries

           The number of queries that have taken more than long_query_time
           seconds. See Section 6.4.5, "The Slow Query Log".

       o   Opens

           The number of tables the server has opened.

       o   Flush tables

           The number of flush-*, refresh, and reload commands the server has

       o   Open tables

           The number of tables that currently are open.

       If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local server
       using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until the server's process
       ID file has been removed, to ensure that the server has stopped

       mysqladmin supports the following options, which can be specified on
       the command line or in the [mysqladmin] and [client] groups of an
       option file. For information about option files used by MySQL programs,
       see Section 5.2.6, "Using Option Files".

       o   --help, -?

           Display a help message and exit.

       o   --bind-address=ip_address

           On a computer having multiple network interfaces, use this option
           to select which interface to use for connecting to the MySQL

       o   --character-sets-dir=dir_name

           The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 11.5,
           "Character Set Configuration".

       o   --compress, -C

           Compress all information sent between the client and the server if
           both support compression.

       o   --count=N, -c N

           The number of iterations to make for repeated command execution if
           the --sleep option is given.

       o   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
           d:t:o,file_name. The default is d:t:o,/tmp/mysqladmin.trace.

       o   --debug-check

           Print some debugging information when the program exits.

       o   --debug-info

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics
           when the program exits.

       o   --default-auth=plugin

           A hint about the client-side authentication plugin to use. See
           Section 7.3.8, "Pluggable Authentication".

       o   --default-character-set=charset_name

           Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 11.5,
           "Character Set Configuration".

       o   --defaults-extra-file=file_name

           Read this option file after the global option file but (on Unix)
           before the user option file. If the file does not exist or is
           otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.  file_name is interpreted
           relative to the current directory if given as a relative path name
           rather than a full path name.

       o   --defaults-file=file_name

           Use only the given option file. If the file does not exist or is
           otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.  file_name is interpreted
           relative to the current directory if given as a relative path name
           rather than a full path name.

           Exception: Even with --defaults-file, client programs read

       o   --defaults-group-suffix=str

           Read not only the usual option groups, but also groups with the
           usual names and a suffix of str. For example, mysqladmin normally
           reads the [client] and [mysqladmin] groups. If the
           --defaults-group-suffix=_other option is given, mysqladmin also
           reads the [client_other] and [mysqladmin_other] groups.

       o   --enable-cleartext-plugin

           Enable the mysql_clear_password cleartext authentication plugin.
           (See Section, "The Cleartext Client-Side Authentication

       o   --force, -f

           Do not ask for confirmation for the drop db_name command. With
           multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.

       o   --host=host_name, -h host_name

           Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.

       o   --login-path=name

           Read options from the named login path in the .mylogin.cnf login
           path file. A "login path" is an option group containing options
           that specify which MySQL server to connect to and which account to
           authenticate as. To create or modify a login path file, use the
           mysql_config_editor utility. See mysql_config_editor(1).

       o   --no-beep, -b

           Suppress the warning beep that is emitted by default for errors
           such as a failure to connect to the server.

       o   --no-defaults

           Do not read any option files. If program startup fails due to
           reading unknown options from an option file, --no-defaults can be
           used to prevent them from being read.

           The exception is that the .mylogin.cnf file, if it exists, is read
           in all cases. This permits passwords to be specified in a safer way
           than on the command line even when --no-defaults is used.
           (.mylogin.cnf is created by the mysql_config_editor utility. See

       o   --password[=password], -p[password]

           The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the
           short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option
           and the password. If you omit the password value following the
           --password or -p option on the command line, mysqladmin prompts for

           Specifying a password on the command line should be considered
           insecure. See Section, "End-User Guidelines for Password
           Security". You can use an option file to avoid giving the password
           on the command line.

       o   --pipe, -W

           On Windows, connect to the server using a named pipe. This option
           applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.

       o   --plugin-dir=dir_name

           The directory in which to look for plugins. Specify this option if
           the --default-auth option is used to specify an authentication
           plugin but mysqladmin does not find it. See Section 7.3.8,
           "Pluggable Authentication".

       o   --port=port_num, -P port_num

           The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

       o   --print-defaults

           Print the program name and all options that it gets from option

       o   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

           The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is
           useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a
           protocol to be used other than the one you want. For details on the
           permissible values, see Section 5.2.2, "Connecting to the MySQL

       o   --relative, -r

           Show the difference between the current and previous values when
           used with the --sleep option. This option works only with the
           extended-status command.

       o   --show-warnings

           Show warnings resulting from execution of statements sent to the
           server. This option was added in MySQL 5.7.2.

       o   --secure-auth

           Do not send passwords to the server in old (pre-4.1) format. This
           prevents connections except for servers that use the newer password
           format. This option was added in MySQL 5.7.4.

           As of MySQL 5.7.5, this option is deprecated and will be removed in
           a future MySQL release. It is always enabled and attempting to
           disable it (--skip-secure-auth, --secure-auth=0) produces an error.
           Before MySQL 5.7.5, this option is enabled by default but can be

               Passwords that use the pre-4.1 hashing method are less secure
               than passwords that use the native password hashing method and
               should be avoided. Pre-4.1 passwords are deprecated and support
               for them is removed in MySQL 5.7.5. For account upgrade
               instructions, see Section, "Migrating Away from Pre-4.1
               Password Hashing and the mysql_old_password Plugin".

       o   --shared-memory-base-name=name

           On Windows, the shared-memory name to use, for connections made
           using shared memory to a local server. The default value is MYSQL.
           The shared-memory name is case sensitive.

           The server must be started with the --shared-memory option to
           enable shared-memory connections.

       o   --silent, -s

           Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be established.

       o   --sleep=delay, -i delay

           Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for delay seconds in between.
           The --count option determines the number of iterations. If --count
           is not given, mysqladmin executes commands indefinitely until

       o   --socket=path, -S path

           For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on
           Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

       o   --ssl*

           Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the
           server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and
           certificates. See Section 7.4.5, "Command Options for Secure

       o   --tls-version=protocol_list

           The protocols permitted by the client for encrypted connections.
           The value is a comma-separated list containing one or more protocol
           names. The protocols that can be named for this option depend on
           the SSL library used to compile MySQL. For details, see
           Section 7.4.3, "Secure Connection Protocols and Ciphers".

           This option was added in MySQL 5.7.10.

       o   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.

       o   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

       o   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       o   --vertical, -E

           Print output vertically. This is similar to --relative, but prints
           output vertically.

       o   --wait[=count], -w[count]

           If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of
           aborting. If a count value is given, it indicates the number of
           times to retry. The default is one time.

       You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value.

       o   connect_timeout

           The maximum number of seconds before connection timeout. The
           default value is 43200 (12 hours).

       o   shutdown_timeout

           The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown. The
           default value is 3600 (1 hour).

       Copyright (C) 1997, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see

       See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |Availability   | database/mysql-57/client |
       |Stability      | Uncommitted              |
       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at

       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).

       This software was built from source available at
       https://java.net/projects/solaris-userland.  The original community
       source was downloaded from

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://dev.mysql.com/.

MySQL 5.7                         11/26/2016                     MYSQLADMIN(1)