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man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Properties and Data Structures

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Updated: Thursday, June 13, 2019
 
 

scsi_pkt (9S)

Name

scsi_pkt - SCSI packet structure

Synopsis

#include <sys/scsi/scsi.h>

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI).

Description

A scsi_pkt structure defines the packet that is allocated by scsi_init_pkt(9F). The target driver fills in some information and passes it to scsi_transport(9F) for execution on the target. The host bus adapter (HBA) fills in other information as the command is processed. When the command completes or can be taken no further, the completion function specified in the packet is called with a pointer to the packet as its argument. From fields within the packet, the target driver can determine the success or failure of the command.

Structure Members


opaque_t             pkt_ha_private;          /* private data for 
                                                 host adapter */
struct scsi_address  pkt_address;             /* destination packet */
opaque_t             pkt_private;             /* private data 
                                                 for target driver */
void                 (*pkt_comp)(struct scsi_pkt *); /* callback */
uint_t               pkt_flags;               /* flags */
int                  pkt_time;                /* time allotted to 
                                                 complete command */
uchar_t              *pkt_scbp;               /* pointer to 
                                                 status block */
uchar_t              *pkt_cdbp;               /* pointer to 
                                                 command block */
ssize_t              pkt_resid;               /* number of bytes 
                                                 not transferred */
uint_t               pkt_state;               /* state of command */
uint_t               pkt_statistics;          /* statistics */
uchar_t              pkt_reason;              /* reason completion 
                                                 called */
uint_t               pkt_cdblen;              /* length of pkt_cdbp */
uint_t               pkt_scdblen;             /* length of pkt_scbp */
uint_t               pkt_tgtlen;              /* length of pkt_private */
uint_t               pkt_numcookies;          /* number of DMA cookies */
ddi_dma_cookie_t     *pkt_cookies;            /* array of DMA cookies */
uint_t               pkt_dma_flags;           /* DMA flags */

pkt_ha_private

Opaque pointer that the HBA uses to reference a private data structure that transfers scsi_pkt requests.

pkt_address

Initialized by scsi_init_pkt(9F), pkt_address records the intended route and the recipient of a request.

pkt_private

Reserved for the use of the target driver, pkt_private is not changed by the HBA driver.

pkt_comp

Specifies the command completion callback routine. When the host adapter driver has gone as far as it can in transporting a command to a SCSI target, and the command has either run to completion or can go no further for some other reason, the host adapter driver calls the function pointed to by this field and passes a pointer to the packet as argument. The callback routine itself is called from interrupt context and must not sleep or call any function that might sleep.

pkt_flags

Provides additional information about how the target driver expects the command to be executed. See pkt_flag Definitions .

pkt_time

Set by the target driver to represent the maximum time allowed in seconds for this command to complete. Timeout starts when the command is transmitted on the SCSI bus.

pkt_scbp

Points to either a struct scsi_status(9S) or, if auto–rqsense is enabled and pkt_state includes STATE_ARQ_DONE, a struct scsi_arq_status. If scsi_status is returned, the SCSI status byte resulting from the requested command is available. If scsi_arq_status(9S) is returned, the sense information is also available.

pkt_cdbp

Points to a kernel-addressable buffer with a length specified by a call to the proper resource allocation routine, scsi_init_pkt(9F).

pkt_resid

Contains a residual count, either the number of data bytes that have not been transferred (scsi_transport(9F)) or the number of data bytes for which DMA resources could not be allocated scsi_init_pkt(9F). In the latter case, partial DMA resources can be allocated only if scsi_init_pkt(9F) is called with the PKT_DMA_PARTIAL flag.

pkt_state

Has bit positions that represent the six most important states that a SCSI command can go through. See pkt_state Definitions.

pkt_statistics

Maintains some transport-related statistics. See pkt_statistics Definitions.

pkt_reason

Contains a completion code that indicates why the pkt_comp function was called. See pkt_reason Definitions .

pkt_cdblen

Length of buffer pointed to by pkt_cdbp. See tran_setup_pkt.

pkt_scblen

Length of buffer pointed to by pkt_scbp. See tran_setup_pkt.

pkt_tgtlen

Length of buffer pointed to by pkt_private. See tran_setup_pkt.

pkt_numcookies

Length pkt_cookies array. See tran_setup_pkt.

pkt_cookies

Array of DMA cookies. See tran_setup_pkt.

pkt_dma_flags

DMA flags used, such as DDI_DMA_READ and DDI_DMA_WRITE. See tran_setup_pkt.

The host adapter driver will update the pkt_resid, pkt_reason, pkt_state, and pkt_statistics fields.

pkt_flags Definitions

The appropriate definitions for the structure member pkt_flags are:

FLAG_NOINTR

Run command with no command completion callback. Command is complete upon return from scsi_transport(9F).

FLAG_NODISCON

Run command without disconnects.

FLAG_NOPARITY

Run command without parity checking.

FLAG_HTAG

Run command as the head-of-queue-tagged command.

FLAG_OTAG

Run command as an ordered-queue-tagged command.

FLAG_STAG

Run command as a simple-queue-tagged command.

FLAG_SENSING

Indicates a request sense command.

FLAG_HEAD

Place command at the head of the queue.

FLAG_RENEGOTIATE_WIDE_SYNC

Before transporting this command, the host adapter should initiate the renegotiation of wide mode and synchronous transfer speed. Normally, the HBA driver manages negotiations but under certain conditions forcing a renegotiation is appropriate. Renegotiation is recommended before Request Sense and Inquiry commands. Refer to the SCSI 2 standard, sections 6.6.21 and 6.6.23.

This flag should not be set for every packet as this will severely impact performance.

FLAG_TLR

Run command with Transport Layer Retries support.

pkt_reason Definitions

The appropriate definitions for the structure member pkt_reason are:

CMD_CMPLT

No transport errors; normal completion.

CMD_INCOMPLETE

Transport stopped with abnormal state.

CMD_DMA_DERR

DMA direction error.

CMD_TRAN_ERR

Unspecified transport error.

CMD_RESET

SCSI bus reset destroyed command.

CMD_ABORTED

Command transport aborted on request.

CMD_TIMEOUT

Command timed out.

CMD_DATA_OVR

Data overrun.

CMD_CMD_OVR

Command overrun.

CMD_STS_OVR

Status overrun.

CMD_BADMSG

Message not command complete.

CMD_NOMSGOUT

Target refused to go to message out phase.

CMD_XID_FAIL

Extended identify message rejected.

CMD_IDE_FAIL

“Initiator Detected Error” message rejected.

CMD_ABORT_FAIL

Abort message rejected.

CMD_REJECT_FAIL

Reject message rejected.

CMD_NOP_FAIL

“No Operation” message rejected.

CMD_PER_FAIL

“Message Parity Error” message rejected.

CMD_BDR_FAIL

“Bus Device Reset” message rejected.

CMD_ID_FAIL

Identify message rejected.

CMD_UNX_BUS_FREE

Unexpected bus free phase.

CMD_TAG_REJECT

Target rejected the tag message.

CMD_DEV_GONE

The device has been removed.

CMD_TLR_OFF

Transport Layer Retries turn off.

CMD_PATH_BUSY

Host adaptor is busy and currently cannot send a command using the selected path. The target driver should retry the command with minimal delay.

CMD_DEV_RESUME

Host adaptor encountered an IO-resiliency related issue. The target driver should retry the command with minimal delay.


Note -  The CMD_PATH_BUSY and CMD_DEV_RESUME interfaces are private. Therefore, information related to these will not appear in man(1) output.

pkt_state Definitions

The appropriate definitions for the structure member pkt_state are:

STATE_GOT_BUS

Bus arbitration succeeded.

STATE_GOT_TARGET

Target successfully selected.

STATE_SENT_CMD

Command successfully sent.

STATE_XFERRED_DATA

Data transfer took place.

STATE_GOT_STATUS

Status received.

STATE_ARQ_DONE

The command resulted in a check condition and the host adapter driver executed an automatic request sense command.

STATE_XARQ_DONE

The command requested in extra sense data using a PKT_XARQ flag got a check condition. The host adapter driver was able to successfully request and return this. The scsi_pkt.pkt_scbp->sts_rqpkt_resid returns the sense data residual based on the statuslen parameter of the scsi_init_pkt(9F) call. The sense data begins at scsi_pkt.pkt_scbp->sts_sensedata.

pkt_statistics Definitions

The definitions that are appropriate for the structure member pkt_statistics are:

STAT_DISCON

Device disconnect.

STAT_SYNC

Command did a synchronous data transfer.

STAT_PERR

SCSI parity error.

STAT_BUS_RESET

Bus reset.

STAT_DEV_RESET

Device reset.

STAT_ABORTED

Command was aborted.

STAT_TIMEOUT

Command timed out.

See Also

tran_init_pkt(9E), tran_setup_pkt(9E), scsi_hba_pkt_comp(9F), scsi_init_pkt(9F), scsi_transport(9F) , scsi_arq_status(9S), scsi_status(9S)

Writing Device Drivers in Oracle Solaris 11.4

Notes

HBA drivers should signal scsi_pkt completion by calling scsi_hba_pkt_comp(9F). This is mandatory for HBA drivers that implement tran_setup_pkt(9E). Failure to comply results in undefined behavior.