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Updated: Wednesday, February 9, 2022

slapd.access (5oldap)


slapd.access - alone LDAP daemon




SLAPD.ACCESS(5oldap)                                      SLAPD.ACCESS(5oldap)

       slapd.access  -  access  configuration  for slapd, the stand-alone LDAP


       The slapd.conf(5)  file  contains  configuration  information  for  the
       slapd(8)  daemon.  This  configuration  file  is also used by the SLAPD
       tools  slapacl(8),  slapadd(8),  slapauth(8),  slapcat(8),   slapdn(8),
       slapindex(8), and slaptest(8).

       The  slapd.conf  file  consists  of  a  series  of global configuration
       options that apply to slapd as a whole (including all  backends),  fol-
       lowed  by zero or more database backend definitions that contain infor-
       mation specific to a backend instance.

       The general format of slapd.conf is as follows:

           # comment - these options apply to every database
           <global configuration options>
           # first database definition & configuration options
           database    <backend 1 type>
           <configuration options specific to backend 1>
           # subsequent database definitions & configuration options

       Both the global configuration and  each  backend-specific  section  can
       contain access information.  Backend-specific access control directives
       are used for those entries that belong to  the  backend,  according  to
       their naming context.  In case no access control directives are defined
       for a backend or those which are defined are not applicable, the direc-
       tives from the global configuration section are then used.

       If no access controls are present, the default policy allows anyone and
       everyone to read anything but  restricts  updates  to  rootdn.   (e.g.,
       "access to * by * read").

       When  dealing  with  an  access list, because the global access list is
       effectively appended to each per-database list, if the  resulting  list
       is non-empty then the access list will end with an implicit access to *
       by * none directive. If there are no access directives applicable to  a
       backend, then a default read is used.

       Be warned: the rootdn can always read and write EVERYTHING!

       For  entries  not  held in any backend (such as a root DSE), the global
       directives are used.

       Arguments that should be replaced by actual text are shown in  brackets

       The structure of the access control directives is

       access to <what> [ by <who> [ <access> ] [ <control> ] ]+
              Grant  access (specified by <access>) to a set of entries and/or
              attributes (specified by  <what>)  by  one  or  more  requestors
              (specified by <who>).

       Lists  of  access  directives are evaluated in the order they appear in
       slapd.conf.  When a <what> clause matches the  datum  whose  access  is
       being evaluated, its <who> clause list is checked.  When a <who> clause
       matches the accessor's properties, its <access> and  <control>  clauses
       are evaluated.  Access control checking stops at the first match of the
       <what> and <who> clause, unless otherwise  dictated  by  the  <control>
       clause.  Each <who> clause list is implicitly terminated by a

            by * none stop

       clause that results in stopping the access control with no access priv-
       ileges granted.  Each <what> clause list is implicitly terminated by a

            access to *
                 by * none

       clause that results in granting no access privileges  to  an  otherwise
       unspecified datum.

       The  field  <what>  specifies  the  entity the access control directive
       applies to.  It can have the forms

            attrs=<attrlist>[ val[/matchingRule][.<attrstyle>]=<attrval>]



       The statement dn=<dnpattern> selects the entries based on their  naming
       context.  The <dnpattern> is a string representation of the entry's DN.
       The wildcard * stands for all the entries, and it is implied if  no  dn
       form is given.

       The  <dnstyle> is optional; however, it is recommended to specify it to
       avoid ambiguities.  Base (synonym of baseObject), the default, or exact
       (an alias of base) indicates the entry whose DN is equal to the <dnpat-
       tern>; one (synonym of onelevel) indicates all the entries  immediately
       below  the  <dnpattern>, sub (synonym of subtree) indicates all entries
       in the subtree at the <dnpattern>, children indicates all  the  entries
       below (subordinate to) the <dnpattern>.

       If  the  <dnstyle>  qualifier  is  regex,  then  <dnpattern> is a POSIX
       (''extended'') regular expression  pattern,  as  detailed  in  regex(7)
       and/or re_format(7), matching a normalized string representation of the
       entry's DN.  The regex form of  the  pattern  does  not  (yet)  support

       The  statement filter=<ldapfilter> selects the entries based on a valid
       LDAP filter as described in RFC 4515.  A filter of  (objectClass=*)  is
       implied if no filter form is given.

       The  statement  attrs=<attrlist> selects the attributes the access con-
       trol rule applies to.  It is a comma-separated list of attribute types,
       plus  the  special  names entry, indicating access to the entry itself,
       and children, indicating access to the  entry's  children.  ObjectClass
       names  may  also  be  specified in this list, which will affect all the
       attributes that are required and/or allowed by that objectClass.  Actu-
       ally,  names  in <attrlist> that are prefixed by @ are directly treated
       as objectClass names.  A name prefixed by !   is  also  treated  as  an
       objectClass,  but  in  this case the access rule affects the attributes
       that are not required nor allowed by that  objectClass.   If  no  attrs
       form  is given, attrs=@extensibleObject is implied, i.e. all attributes
       are addressed.

       Using the form attrs=<attr>  val[/matchingRule][.<attrstyle>]=<attrval>
       specifies  access to a particular value of a single attribute.  In this
       case, only a single attribute type may be given. The <attrstyle>  exact
       (the  default)  uses  the attribute's equality matching rule to compare
       the value, unless a different (and compatible) matching rule is  speci-
       fied.  If  the  <attrstyle>  is  regex, the provided value is used as a
       POSIX (''extended'') regular expression pattern.  If the attribute  has
       DN  syntax,  the  <attrstyle>  can be any of base, onelevel, subtree or
       children, resulting in  base,  onelevel,  subtree  or  children  match,

       The  dn, filter, and attrs statements are additive; they can be used in
       sequence to select entities the access rule applies to based on  naming
       context, value and attribute type simultaneously.  Submatches resulting
       from regex matching can be dereferenced in the <who>  field  using  the
       syntax  ${v<n>}, where <n> is the submatch number.  The default syntax,
       $<n>, is actually an alias for ${d<n>}, that corresponds to dereferenc-
       ing submatches from the dnpattern portion of the <what> field.

       The  field  <who>  indicates  whom the access rules apply to.  Multiple
       <who> statements can appear in an access control statement,  indicating
       the different access privileges to the same resource that apply to dif-
       ferent accessee.  It can have the forms









            <name>=aci          <pattern>=<attrname>]

       They may be specified in combination.

       The wildcard * refers to everybody.

       The keywords prefixed by real act as their counterparts without prefix;
       the  checking  respectively  occurs  with the authentication DN and the
       authorization DN.

       The keyword  anonymous  means  access  is  granted  to  unauthenticated
       clients;  it is mostly used to limit access to authentication resources
       (e.g.  the  userPassword  attribute)  to  unauthenticated  clients  for
       authentication purposes.

       The keyword users means access is granted to authenticated clients.

       The  keyword  self  means  access  to  an entry is allowed to the entry
       itself (e.g. the entry being accessed and the requesting entry must  be
       the  same).   It  allows the level{<n>} style, where <n> indicates what
       ancestor of the DN is to be used in matches.  A  positive  value  indi-
       cates  that the <n>-th ancestor of the user's DN is to be considered; a
       negative value indicates that the <n>-th ancestor of the target  is  to
       be  considered.   For  example,  a  "by self.level{1} ..." clause would
       match   when   the   object   "dc=example,dc=com"   is   accessed    by
       "cn=User,dc=example,dc=com".   A  "by  self.level{-1} ..." clause would
       match  when   the   same   user   accesses   the   object   "ou=Address

       The  statement dn=<DN> means that access is granted to the matching DN.
       The optional style qualifier dnstyle allows the same choices of the  dn
       form  of  the  <what>  field.  In addition, the regex style can exploit
       substring substitution of submatches in the <what> dn.regex  clause  by
       using  the  form  $<digit>,  with  digit  ranging  from 0 to 9 (where 0
       matches the entire string), or the  form  ${<digit>+},  for  submatches
       higher than 9.  Substring substitution from attribute value can be done
       in using the form ${v<digit>+}.  Since the dollar character is used  to
       indicate  a substring replacement, the dollar character that is used to
       indicate match up to the end of the string must be escaped by a  second
       dollar character, e.g.

           access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?uid=([^,]+),dc=[^,]+,dc=com$"
               by dn.regex="^uid=$2,dc=[^,]+,dc=com$$" write

       The  style qualifier allows an optional modifier.  At present, the only
       type allowed is expand, which causes  substring  substitution  of  sub-
       matches  to  take  place  even  if dnstyle is not regex.  Note that the
       regex dnstyle in the above example may be  of  use  only  if  the  <by>
       clause needs to be a regex; otherwise, if the value of the second (from
       the right) dc= portion of the DN in the above example were  fixed,  the

           access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?uid=([^,]+),dc=example,dc=com$"
               by dn.exact,expand="uid=$2,dc=example,dc=com" write

       could  be  used; if it had to match the value in the <what> clause, the

           access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?uid=([^,]+),dc=([^,]+),dc=com$"
               by dn.exact,expand="uid=$2,dc=$3,dc=com" write

       could be used.

       Forms of the <what> clause other than regex may provide  submatches  as
       well.   The  base(object), the sub(tree), the one(level), and the chil-
       dren forms  provide  $0  as  the  match  of  the  entire  string.   The
       sub(tree),  the  one(level),  and the children forms also provide $1 as
       the match of the rightmost part of the DN  as  defined  in  the  <what>
       clause.  This may be useful, for instance, to provide access to all the
       ancestors of a user by defining

           access to dn.subtree="dc=com"
               by dn.subtree,expand="$1" read

       which means that only access to entries that appear in the  DN  of  the
       <by> clause is allowed.

       The  level{<n>}  form  is  an  extension  and  a  generalization of the
       onelevel form, which matches all DNs whose <n>-th ancestor is the  pat-
       tern.   So, level{1} is equivalent to onelevel, and level{0} is equiva-
       lent to base.

       It is perfectly useless to give any access  privileges  to  a  DN  that
       exactly  matches  the rootdn of the database the ACLs apply to, because
       it implicitly possesses write privileges for the entire  tree  of  that
       database.   Actually,  access  control  is  bypassed for the rootdn, to
       solve the intrinsic chicken-and-egg problem.

       The  statement  dnattr=<attrname>  means  that  access  is  granted  to
       requests  whose  DN  is  listed  in  the entry being accessed under the
       <attrname> attribute.

       The statement group=<group> means that access is  granted  to  requests
       whose  DN  is  listed  in the group entry whose DN is given by <group>.
       The optional parameters <objectclass> and <attrname> define the object-
       Class  and  the  member attributeType of the group entry.  The defaults
       are groupOfNames and member, respectively.  The optional  style  quali-
       fier  <style>  can be expand, which means that <group> will be expanded
       as a replacement string (but not as a regular expression) according  to
       regex(7)  and/or  re_format(7), and exact, which means that exact match
       will be used.  If the style of the DN portion of the <what>  clause  is
       regex,  the  submatches are made available according to regex(7) and/or
       re_format(7); other styles  provide  limited  submatches  as  discussed
       above about the DN form of the <by> clause.

       For static groups, the specified attributeType must have Distinguished-
       Name or NameAndOptionalUID syntax. For dynamic groups the attributeType
       must  be  a  subtype of the labeledURI attributeType. Only LDAP URIs of
       the  form  ldap:///<base>??<scope>?<filter>  will  be  evaluated  in  a
       dynamic group, by searching the local server only.

       The      statements      peername=<peername>,      sockname=<sockname>,
       domain=<domain>, and sockurl=<sockurl> mean that the contacting host IP
       (in  the  form IP=<ip>:<port> for IPv4, or IP=[<ipv6>]:<port> for IPv6)
       or the contacting host named pipe file name (in the form PATH=<path> if
       connecting through a named pipe) for peername, the named pipe file name
       for sockname, the contacting host name for domain, and  the  contacting
       URL  for sockurl are compared against pattern to determine access.  The
       same style rules for pattern match described for the group case  apply,
       plus  the regex style, which implies submatch expand and regex match of
       the corresponding connection parameters.  The exact style of the <peer-
       name>  clause  (the default) implies a case-exact match on the client's
       IP, including the IP= prefix and the trailing :<port>, or the  client's
       path,  including  the  PATH= prefix if connecting through a named pipe.
       The   special   ip   style   interprets   the   pattern    as    <peer-
       name>=<ip>[%<mask>][{<n>}], where <ip> and <mask> are dotted digit rep-
       resentations of the IP and the mask,  while  <n>,  delimited  by  curly
       brackets, is an optional port.  The same applies to IPv6 addresses when
       the special ipv6 style is used.  When checking access  privileges,  the
       IP portion of the peername is extracted, eliminating the IP= prefix and
       the :<port> part, and it is compared against the <ip>  portion  of  the
       pattern  after  masking with <mask>: ((peername & <mask>) == <ip>).  As
       an example, peername.ip= and peername.ipv6=::1  allow  connec-
       tions only from localhost, peername.ip= allows
       connections from any IP in the 192.168.1  class  C  domain,  and  peer-
       name.ip={9009}  allows connections from any
       IP in the 192.168.1.[16-31] range of the same domain, only if port 9009
       is  used.   The special path style eliminates the PATH= prefix from the
       peername when connecting through a named pipe, and  performs  an  exact
       match  on  the given pattern.  The <domain> clause also allows the sub-
       tree style, which succeeds when a fully qualified name exactly  matches
       the  domain pattern, or its trailing part, after a dot, exactly matches
       the domain pattern.  The expand style is  allowed,  implying  an  exact
       match with submatch expansion; the use of expand as a style modifier is
       considered more appropriate.  As an example, domain.subtree=example.com
       will  match www.example.com, but will not match www.anotherexample.com.
       The domain of the contacting host is determined  by  performing  a  DNS
       reverse  lookup.   As  this  lookup  can  easily be spoofed, use of the
       domain statement is strongly discouraged.  By default, reverse  lookups
       are  disabled.   The  optional  domainstyle  qualifier  of the <domain>
       clause allows a modifier option; the only value currently supported  is
       expand, which causes substring substitution of submatches to take place
       even if the domainstyle is not regex, much like the analogous usage  in
       <dn> clause.

       The statement set=<pattern> is undocumented yet.

       The  statement dynacl/<name>[/<options>][.<dynstyle>][=<pattern>] means
       that access checking is delegated to the admin-defined method indicated
       by  <name>,  which  can  be registered at run-time by means of the mod-
       uleload statement.  The fields <options>, <dynstyle> and <pattern>  are
       optional,  and  are  directly passed to the registered parsing routine.
       Dynacl is experimental; it must be enabled at compile time.

       The statement dynacl/aci[=<attrname>] means that the access control  is
       determined  by  the  values  in  the attrname of the entry itself.  The
       optional <attrname> indicates what attributeType holds the ACI informa-
       tion  in  the entry.  By default, the OpenLDAPaci operational attribute
       is used.  ACIs are experimental; they must be enabled at compile time.

       The   statements   ssf=<n>,   transport_ssf=<n>,    tls_ssf=<n>,    and
       sasl_ssf=<n>  set  the  minimum required Security Strength Factor (ssf)
       needed to grant access.  The value should be positive integer.

       The optional field <access> ::= [[real]self]{<level>|<priv>} determines
       the  access  level or the specific access privileges the who field will
       have.  Its component are defined as

            <level> ::= none|disclose|auth|compare|search|read|{write|add|delete}|manage
            <priv> ::= {=|+|-}{0|d|x|c|s|r|{w|a|z}|m}+

       The modifier self allows  special  operations  like  having  a  certain
       access  level or privilege only in case the operation involves the name
       of the user that's requesting the access.  It  implies  the  user  that
       requests  access  is  authorized.   The modifier realself refers to the
       authenticated DN as opposed to the authorized DN of the self  modifier.
       An  example is the selfwrite access to the member attribute of a group,
       which allows one to add/delete its own DN from the  member  list  of  a
       group, while being not allowed to affect other members.

       The  level  access model relies on an incremental interpretation of the
       access privileges.  The possible levels are none, disclose, auth,  com-
       pare,  search,  read, write, and manage.  Each access level implies all
       the preceding ones, thus manage grants all access including administra-
       tive  access.   The write access is actually the combination of add and
       delete, which respectively restrict  the  write  privilege  to  add  or
       delete the specified <what>.

       The  none  access  level  disallows  all access including disclosure on

       The disclose access level allows disclosure of information on error.

       The auth access level means that one is allowed access to an  attribute
       to perform authentication/authorization operations (e.g.  bind) with no
       other access.  This is useful  to  grant  unauthenticated  clients  the
       least possible access level to critical resources, like passwords.

       The  priv  access model relies on the explicit setting of access privi-
       leges for each clause.  The = sign resets previously defined  accesses;
       as  a  consequence,  the  final  access  privileges  will be only those
       defined by the clause.  The + and - signs add/remove access  privileges
       to  the existing ones.  The privileges are m for manage, w for write, a
       for add, z for delete, r for read, s for search, c for compare,  x  for
       authentication,  and d for disclose.  More than one of the above privi-
       leges can be added in one statement.  0 indicates no privileges and  is
       used only by itself (e.g., +0).  Note that +az is equivalent to +w.

       If no access is given, it defaults to +0.

       The  optional field <control> controls the flow of access rule applica-
       tion.  It can have the forms


       where stop, the default, means access checking stops in case of  match.
       The  other two forms are used to keep on processing access clauses.  In
       detail, the continue form allows for other <who> clauses  in  the  same
       <access>  clause to be considered, so that they may result in incremen-
       tally altering the privileges, while the break form  allows  for  other
       <access>  clauses that match the same target to be processed.  Consider
       the (silly) example

            access to dn.subtree="dc=example,dc=com" attrs=cn
                 by * =cs break

            access to dn.subtree="ou=People,dc=example,dc=com"
                 by * +r

       which allows search and  compare  privileges  to  everybody  under  the
       "dc=example,dc=com"  tree,  with  the second rule allowing also read in
       the "ou=People" subtree, or the (even more silly) example

            access to dn.subtree="dc=example,dc=com" attrs=cn
                 by * =cs continue
                 by users +r

       which grants everybody search and compare  privileges,  and  adds  read
       privileges to authenticated clients.

       One useful application is to easily grant write privileges to an updat-
       edn that is different from the rootdn.  In this case, since the  updat-
       edn needs write access to (almost) all data, one can use

            access to *
                 by dn.exact="cn=The Update DN,dc=example,dc=com" write
                 by * break

       as  the  first  access rule.  As a consequence, unless the operation is
       performed with the updatedn identity, control is passed straight to the
       subsequent rules.

       Operations  require  different  privileges  on  different  portions  of
       entries.  The following summary applies to primary MDB database backend
       and the deprecated BDB and HDB backends.   Requirements for other back-
       ends may (and often do) differ.

       The add operation requires add (=a) privileges on the  pseudo-attribute
       entry  of the entry being added, and add (=a) privileges on the pseudo-
       attribute children of the entry's parent.  When adding the suffix entry
       of a database, add access to children of the empty DN ("") is required.
       Also if Add content ACL checking has been configured  on  the  database
       (see  the  slapd.conf(5) or slapd-config(5) manual page), add (=a) will
       be required on all of the attributes being added.

       The bind operation, when  credentials  are  stored  in  the  directory,
       requires  auth  (=x)  privileges  on  the attribute the credentials are
       stored in (usually userPassword).

       The compare operation requires compare (=c) privileges on the attribute
       that is being compared.

       The  delete  operation  requires  delete (=z) privileges on the pseudo-
       attribute entry of the entry being deleted, and delete (=d)  privileges
       on the children pseudo-attribute of the entry's parent.

       The  modify  operation requires write (=w) privileges on the attributes
       being modified.  In detail, add (=a) is required  to  add  new  values,
       delete  (=z) is required to delete existing values, and both delete and
       add (=az), or write (=w), are required to replace existing values.

       The modrdn operation requires write  (=w)  privileges  on  the  pseudo-
       attribute  entry  of  the  entry  whose  relative DN is being modified,
       delete (=z) privileges on the  pseudo-attribute  children  of  the  old
       entry's  parents,  add (=a) privileges on the pseudo-attribute children
       of the new entry's parents, and add (=a) privileges on  the  attributes
       that  are  present  in the new relative DN.  Delete (=z) privileges are
       also required on the attributes that are present in the old relative DN
       if deleteoldrdn is set to 1.

       The  search  operation,  requires  search  (=s) privileges on the entry
       pseudo-attribute of the searchBase  (NOTE:  this  was  introduced  with
       OpenLDAP  2.4).   Then,  for each entry, it requires search (=s) privi-
       leges on the attributes that are defined in the filter.  The  resulting
       entries  are  finally  tested  for  read (=r) privileges on the pseudo-
       attribute entry (for read access to the entry itself) and for read (=r)
       access  on  each  value of each attribute that is requested.  Also, for
       each referral object used in generating  continuation  references,  the
       operation  requires read (=r) access on the pseudo-attribute entry (for
       read access to the referral object itself), as well as read (=r) access
       to  the  attribute  holding the referral information (generally the ref

       Some internal operations and  some  controls  require  specific  access
       privileges.   The  authzID  mapping  and the proxyAuthz control require
       auth (=x) privileges on all the attributes  that  are  present  in  the
       search filter of the URI regexp maps (the right-hand side of the authz-
       regexp directives).  Auth (=x) privileges  are  also  required  on  the
       authzTo  attribute  of the authorizing identity and/or on the authzFrom
       attribute of the authorized identity.  In  general,  when  an  internal
       lookup  is  performed  for  authentication  or  authorization purposes,
       search-specific privileges (see the access requirements for the  search
       operation illustrated above) are relaxed to auth.

       Access  control  to search entries is checked by the frontend, so it is
       fully honored by all backends; for all other  operations  and  for  the
       discovery  phase  of  the  search operation, full ACL semantics is only
       supported by the primary backends, i.e.  back-bdb(5), and back-hdb(5).

       Some other backend, like back-sql(5), may fully  support  them;  others
       may  only  support a portion of the described semantics, or even differ
       in some aspects.  The relevant details are described  in  the  backend-
       specific man pages.

       It  is  strongly  recommended  to  explicitly  use the most appropriate
       <dnstyle> in <what> and <who>  clauses,  to  avoid  possible  incorrect
       specifications  of  the  access rules as well as for performance (avoid
       unnecessary regex matching when an exact match suffices) reasons.

       An administrator might create a rule of the form:

            access to dn.regex="dc=example,dc=com"
                 by ...

       expecting it to match all entries in the  subtree  "dc=example,dc=com".
       However,  this rule actually matches any DN which contains anywhere the
       substring  "dc=example,dc=com".   That  is,  the  rule   matches   both
       "uid=joe,dc=example,dc=com" and "dc=example,dc=com,uid=joe".

       To match the desired subtree, the rule would be more precisely written:

            access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?dc=example,dc=com$"
                 by ...

       For performance reasons, it would be better to use the subtree style.

            access to dn.subtree="dc=example,dc=com"
                 by ...

       When  writing submatch rules, it may be convenient to avoid unnecessary
       regex <dnstyle> use; for instance, to allow access to  the  subtree  of
       the user that matches the <what> clause, one could use

            access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?uid=([^,]+),dc=example,dc=com$"
                 by dn.regex="^uid=$2,dc=example,dc=com$$" write
                 by ...

       However,  since  all  that  is required in the <by> clause is substring
       expansion, a more efficient solution is

            access to dn.regex="^(.+,)?uid=([^,]+),dc=example,dc=com$"
                 by dn.exact,expand="uid=$2,dc=example,dc=com" write
                 by ...

       In fact, while a <dnstyle> of regex implies substring expansion, exact,
       as  well as all the other DN specific <dnstyle> values, does not, so it
       must be explicitly requested.

              default slapd configuration file

       See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

       |ATTRIBUTE TYPE |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE         |
       |Availability   | service/network/ldap/openldap |
       |Stability      | Pass-through uncommitted      |

       slapd(8), slapd-*(5), slapacl(8), regex(7), re_format(7)

       "OpenLDAP Administrator's Guide" (http://www.OpenLDAP.org/doc/admin/)

       OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The  OpenLDAP  Project
       <http://www.openldap.org/>.  OpenLDAP Software is derived from the Uni-
       versity of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.

       Source code for open source software components in Oracle  Solaris  can
       be found at https://www.oracle.com/downloads/opensource/solaris-source-

       This    software    was    built    from    source     available     at
       https://github.com/oracle/solaris-userland.    The  original  community
       source was downloaded from   ftp://ftp.openldap.org/pub/OpenLDAP/openl-

       Further information about this software can be found on the open source
       community website at http://www.openldap.org/.

OpenLDAP 2.4.57                   2021/01/18              SLAPD.ACCESS(5oldap)