man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

biodone(9F)

Name

biodone - release buffer after buffer I/O transfer and notify blocked threads

Synopsis

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/buf.h>

void biodone(struct buf *bp);

Interface Level

Architecture independent level 1 (DDI/DKI).

Parameters

bp

Pointer to a buf(9S) structure.

Description

The biodone() function notifies blocked processes waiting for the I/O to complete, sets the B_DONE flag in the b_flags field of the buf(9S) structure, and releases the buffer if the I/O is asynchronous. biodone() is called by either the driver interrupt or strategy(9E) routines when a buffer I/O request is complete.

The biodone() function provides the capability to call a completion routine if bp describes a kernel buffer. The address of the routine is specified in the b_iodone field of the buf(9S) structure. If such a routine is specified, biodone() calls it and returns without performing any other actions. Otherwise, it performs the steps above.

Context

The biodone() function can be called from user, interrupt, or kernel context.

Examples

Generally, the first validation test performed by any block device strategy(9E) routine is a check for an end-of-file (EOF) condition. The strategy(9E) routine is responsible for determining an EOF condition when the device is accessed directly. If a read(2) request is made for one block beyond the limits of the device (line 10), it will report an EOF condition. Otherwise, if the request is outside the limits of the device, the routine will report an error condition. In either case, report the I/O operation as complete (line 27).

 1   #define RAMDNBLK	1000	/* Number of blocks in RAM disk */
 2   #define RAMDBSIZ	512	/* Number of bytes per block */
 3   char ramdblks[RAMDNBLK][RAMDBSIZ];	/* Array containing RAM disk */
 4
 5   static int
 6   ramdstrategy(struct buf *bp)
 7   {
 8      daddr_t blkno = bp->b_blkno;	/* get block number */
 9
10      if ((blkno < 0) || (blkno >= RAMDNBLK)) {
11            /*
12             * If requested block is outside RAM disk
13             * limits, test for EOF which could result
14             * from a direct (physio) request.
15             */
16            if ((blkno == RAMDNBLK) && (bp->b_flags & B_READ)) {
17             /*
18              * If read is for block beyond RAM disk
19              * limits, mark EOF condition.
20              */
21              bp->b_resid = bp->b_bcount;	/* compute return value */
22
23           } else {	/* I/O attempt is beyond */
24              bp->b_error = ENXIO;	/*    limits of RAM disk */
25              bp->b_flags |= B_ERROR;	/* return error */
26           } 
27           biodone(bp);	/* mark I/O complete (B_DONE) */
28             /*
29              * Wake any processes awaiting this I/O
30              * or release buffer for asynchronous
31              * (B_ASYNC) request.
32              */
33           return (0);
34      } 
           . . .  

See Also

read(2), strategy(9E), biowait(9F), ddi_add_intr(9F), delay(9F), timeout(9F), untimeout(9F), buf(9S)

Writing Device Drivers for Oracle Solaris 11.2

Warnings

After calling biodone(), bp is no longer available to be referred to by the driver. If the driver makes any reference to bp after calling biodone(), a panic may result.

Notes

Drivers that use the b_iodone field of the buf(9S) structure to specify a substitute completion routine should save the value of b_iodone before changing it, and then restore the old value before calling biodone() to release the buffer.