man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014



taskq, ddi_taskq_create, ddi_taskq_destroy, ddi_taskq_dispatch, ddi_taskq_wait, ddi_taskq_suspend, taskq_suspended, ddi_taskq_resume - Kernel task queue operations


#include <sys/sunddi.h>

ddi_taskq_t *ddi_taskq_create(dev_info_t *dip, const char *name,
     int nthreads, pri_t  pri, uint_t  cflags);
void ddi_taskq_destroy(ddi_taskq_t *tq);
int ddi_taskq_dispatch(ddi_taskq_t *tq, void (* func)(void *), 
     void *arg, uint_t dflags);
void ddi_taskq_wait(ddi_taskq_t *tq);
void ddi_taskq_suspend(ddi_taskq_t *tq);
boolean_t ddi_taskq_suspended(ddi_taskq_t *tq);
void ddi_taskq_resume(ddi_taskq_t *tq);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI)



Pointer to the device's dev_info structure. May be NULL for kernel modules that do not have an associated dev_info structure.


Descriptive string. Only alphanumeric characters can be used in name and spaces are not allowed. The name should be unique.


Number of threads servicing the task queue. Note that the request ordering is guaranteed (tasks are processed in the order scheduled) if the taskq is created with a single servicing thread.


Priority of threads servicing the task queue. Drivers and modules should specify TASKQ_DEFAULTPRI.


Should pass 0 as flags.


Callback function to call.


Argument to the callback function.


Possible dflags are:


Allow sleeping (blocking) until memory is available.


Return DDI_FAILURE immediately if memory is not available.


Pointer to a task queue (ddi_taskq_t *).


Pointer to a thread structure.


A kernel task queue is a mechanism for general-purpose asynchronous task scheduling that enables tasks to be performed at a later time by another thread. There are several reasons why you may utilize asynchronous task scheduling:

  1. You have a task that isn't time-critical, but a current code path that is.

  2. You have a task that may require grabbing locks that a thread already holds.

  3. You have a task that needs to block (for example, to wait for memory), but a have a thread that cannot block in its current context.

  4. You have a code path that can't complete because of a specific condition, but also can't sleep or fail. In this case, the task is immediately queued and then is executed after the condition disappears.

  5. A task queue is just a simple way to launch multiple tasks in parallel.

A task queue consists of a list of tasks, together with one or more threads to service the list. If a task queue has a single service thread, all tasks are guaranteed to execute in the order they were dispatched. Otherwise they can be executed in any order. Note that since tasks are placed on a list, execution of one task and should not depend on the execution of another task or a deadlock may occur. A taskq created with a single servicing thread guarantees that all the tasks are serviced in the order in which they are scheduled.

The ddi_taskq_create() function creates a task queue instance.

The ddi_taskq_dispatch() function places taskq on the list for later execution. The dflag argument specifies whether it is allowed sleep waiting for memory. DDI_SLEEP dispatches can sleep and are guaranteed to succeed. DDI_NOSLEEP dispatches are guaranteed not to sleep but may fail (return DDI_FAILURE) if resources are not available.

The ddi_taskq_destroy() function waits for any scheduled tasks to complete, then destroys the taskq. The caller should guarantee that no new tasks are scheduled for the closing taskq.

The ddi_taskq_wait() function waits for all previously scheduled tasks to complete. Note that this function does not stop any new task dispatches.

The ddi_taskq_suspend() function suspends all task execution until ddi_taskq_resume() is called. Although ddi_taskq_suspend() attempts to suspend pending tasks, there are no guarantees that they will be suspended. The only guarantee is that all tasks dispatched after ddi_taskq_suspend() will not be executed. Because it will trigger a deadlock, the ddi_taskq_suspend() function should never be called by a task executing on a taskq.

The ddi_taskq_suspended() function returns B_TRUE if taskq is suspended, and B_FALSE otherwise. It is intended to ASSERT that the task queue is suspended.

The ddi_taskq_resume() function resumes task queue execution.

Return Values

The ddi_taskq_create() function creates an opaque handle that is used for all other taskq operations. It returns a taskq pointer on success and NULL on failure.

The ddi_taskq_dispatch() function returns DDI_FAILURE if it can't dispatch a task and returns DDI_SUCCESS if dispatch succeeded.

The ddi_taskq_suspended() function returns B_TRUE if taskq is suspended. Otherwise B_FALSE is returned.


All functions may be called from the user or kernel contexts.

Addtionally, the ddi_taskq_dispatch function may be called from the interrupt context only if the DDI_NOSLEEP flag is set.