man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

mkiocb(9F)

Name

mkiocb - allocates a STREAMS ioctl block for M_IOCTL messages in the kernel.

Synopsis

#include <sys/stream.h>

mblk_t *mkiocb(uint_t command);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI).

Parameters

command

ioctl command for the ioc_cmd field.

Description

STREAMS modules or drivers might need to issue an ioctl to a lower module or driver. The mkiocb() function tries to allocate (using allocb(9F)) a STREAMS M_IOCTL message block (iocblk(9S)). Buffer allocation fails only when the system is out of memory. If no buffer is available, the qbufcall(9F) function can help a module recover from an allocation failure.

The mkiocb function returns a mblk_t structure which is large enough to hold any of the ioctl messages (iocblk(9S), copyreq(9S) or copyresp(9S)), and has the following special properties:

b_wptr

Set to b_rptr + sizeof(struct iocblk).

b_cont

Set to NULL..

b_datap->db_type

Set to M_IOCTL.

The fields in the iocblk structure are initialized as follows:

ioc_cmd

Set to the command value passed in.

ioc_id

Set to a unique identifier.

ioc_cr

Set to point to a credential structure encoding the maximum system privilege and which does not need to be freed in any fashion.

ioc_count

Set to 0.

ioc_rval

Set to 0.

ioc_error

Set to 0.

ioc_flags

Set to IOC_NATIVE to reflect that this is native to the running kernel.

Return Values

Upon success, the mkiocb() function returns a pointer to the allocated mblk_t of type M_IOCTL.

On failure, it returns a null pointer.

Context

The mkiocb() function can be called from user, interrupt, or kernel context.

Examples

Example 1 M_IOCTL Allocation

The first example shows an M_IOCTL allocation with the ioctl command TEST_CMD. If the iocblk(9S) cannot be allocated, NULL is returned, indicating an allocation failure (line 5). In line 11, the putnext(9F) function is used to send the message downstream.

1  test_function(queue_t *q, test_info_t *testinfo)
 2  {
 3   mblk_t *mp;
 4
 5   if ((mp = mkiocb(TEST_CMD)) == NULL)
 6       return (0);
 7
 8       /* save off ioctl ID value */
 9       testinfo->xx_iocid = ((struct iocblk *)mp->b_rptr)->ioc_id;
10
11       putnext(q, mp);       /* send message downstream */
12       return (1);
13  }
Example 2 The ioctl ID Value

During the read service routine, the ioctl ID value for M_IOCACK or M_IOCNAK should equal the ioctl that was previously sent by this module before processing.

 
 1  test_lrsrv(queue_t *q)
 2  {
 3      ...
 4
 5      switch (DB_TYPE(mp)) {
 6      case M_IOCACK:
 7      case M_IOCNAK:
 8          /* Does this match the ioctl that this module sent */
 9          ioc = (struct iocblk*)mp->b_rptr;
10          if (ioc->ioc_id == testinfo->xx_iocid) {
11              /* matches, so process the message */
12              ...
13              freemsg(mp);
14          }
15          break;
16      }
17      ...
18  }
Example 3 An iocblk Allocation Which Fails

The next example shows an iocblk allocation which fails. Since the open routine is in user context, the caller may block using qbufcall(9F) until memory is available.

1  test_open(queue_t *q, dev_t devp, int oflag, int sflag, 
                           cred_t *credp)
 2  {
 3       while ((mp = mkiocb(TEST_IOCTL)) == NULL) {
 4            int id;
 5
 6            id = qbufcall(q, sizeof (union ioctypes), BPRI_HI,
 7                dummy_callback, 0);
 8            /* Handle interrupts */
 9            if (!qwait_sig(q)) {
10                qunbufcall(q, id);
11                return (EINTR);
12            }
13       }
14       putnext(q, mp);
15  }

See Also

allocb(9F), putnext(9F), qbufcall(9F), qwait_sig(9F), copyreq(9S), copyresp(9S), iocblk(9S)

Writing Device Drivers for Oracle Solaris 11.2

STREAMS Programming Guide

Warnings

It is the module's responsibility to remember the ID value of the M_IOCTL that was allocated. This will ensure proper cleanup and ID matching when the M_IOCACK or M_IOCNAK is received.