man pages section 9: DDI and DKI Kernel Functions

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Updated: July 2014
 
 

ddi_strtol(9F)

Name

ddi_strtol - String conversion routines

Synopsis

#include <sys/ddi.h> 
#include <sys/sunddi.h>

int ddi_strtol(const char *str, char **endptr, int base, 
     long *result);

Interface Level

Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI)

Parameters

str

Pointer to a character string to be converted.

endptr

Post-conversion final string of unrecognized characters.

base

Radix used for conversion.

result

Pointer to variable which contains the converted value.

Description

The ddi_strtol() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed to by str to a type long int representation and stores the converted value in result.

The function first decomposes the input string into three parts:

  1. An initial (possibly empty) sequence of white-space characters (' ', '\t', '\n', '\r', '\f')

  2. A subject sequence interpreted as an integer represented in some radix determined by the value of base

  3. A final string of one or more unrecognized characters, including the terminating null byte of the input string.

The ddi_strtol() function then attempts to convert the subject sequence to an integer and returns the result.

If the value of base is 0, the expected form of the subject sequence is a decimal constant, octal constant or hexadecimal constant, any of which may be preceded by a plus (“+”) or minus (“-”) sign. A decimal constant begins with a non-zero digit, and consists of a sequence of decimal digits. An octal constant consists of the prefix 0 optionally followed by a sequence of the digits 0 to 7 only. A hexadecimal constant consists of the prefix 0x or 0X followed by a sequence of the decimal digits and letters a (or A) to f (or F) with values 10 to 15 respectively.

If the value of base is between 2 and 36, the expected form of the subject sequence is a sequence of letters and digits representing an integer with the radix specified by base, optionally preceded by a plus or minus sign. The letters from a (or A) to z (or Z) inclusive are ascribed the values 10 to 35 and only letters whose ascribed values are less than that of base are permitted. If the value of base is 16, the characters 0x or 0X may optionally precede the sequence of letters and digits following the sign, if present.

The subject sequence is defined as the longest initial subsequence of the input string, starting with the first non-white-space character that is of the expected form. The subject sequence contains no characters if the input string is empty or consists entirely of white-space characters or if the first non-white-space character is other than a sign or a permissible letter or digit.

If the subject sequence has the expected form and the value of base is 0, the sequence of characters starting with the first digit is interpreted as an integer constant. If the subject sequence has the expected form and the value of base is between 2 and 36, it is used as the base for conversion, ascribing to each letter its value as given above. If the subject sequence begins with a minus sign, the value resulting from the conversion is negated. A pointer to the final string is stored in the object pointed to by endptr, provided that endptr is not a null pointer.

If the subject sequence is empty or does not have the expected form, no conversion is performed and the value of str is stored in the object pointed to by endptr, provided that endptr is not a null pointer.

Return Values

Upon successful completion, ddi_strtol() returns 0 and stores the converted value in result. If no conversion is performed due to invalid base, ddi_strtol() returns EINVAL and the variable pointed by result is not changed.

If the correct value is outside the range of representable values, ddi_strtol() returns ERANGE and the value pointed to by result is not changed.

Context

The ddi_strtol() function may be called from user, kernel or interrupt context.

See Also

Writing Device Drivers